How to analyze the article
- Analysis writing steps
- Objectives of article analysis
- The main mistakes in articles writing
- Example of article analysis
Here we consider all possible types of article evaluation and its detailed analysis, errors and basic rules for writing an article.
The purpose of the article analysis is to show what is the semantic load, as well as the content of the text. There are specific recommended rules that are important for compliance in the analysis of the article.
What steps should be taken when analyzing the text of the articles?
- Carefully read the article. Repeat the reading several times, if necessary. Analyze the degree of disclosure of the topic and the logical sequence of the presentation of the facts. You have to be objective. You should not make an assessment based on your impression of the materials read.
- Analyze the style in which the work is written. Find out how much this corresponds to the declared style. It is clear that the text of the articles is not saturated with scientific terminology and is not written entirely in the style of a spoken letter.
- Go to the written presentation of the material. Start with the introduction, where you specify information about the author, title, and topic.
- Evaluate the logical sequence of the material presented.
- Conduct an analysis, make specific and clear conclusions based on the above material.
Analysis of articles can pursue the following objectives:
- Training. This is one of the most insurgent tasks for beginners who come to copywriting and who need real examples of working texts. Real life examples are more understandable than theoretical calculations of textbooks.
- New ideas. Finding new ideas for your materials is one of the most popular purposes of analyzing things. Many authors disclose one or more questions in their texts, leaving adjacent questions unaddressed. Nothing prevents you from analyzing the texts and giving answers to undisclosed questions.
- Comparison. You can tell about some events, phenomena, and objects. But sometimes you have to look at them in different ways and see the alternative side of the topic. Analysis of the texts of other authors is a solution that serves the achievement of the goal.
- Addition. If you want to write a work on an already existing topic, there is nothing easier. There are no ideal texts, you analyze existing articles, write your own, based on the information already available and supplement it with new data. Another option is to find the text with irrelevant data, but correct the principles and rewrite it.
- Excellence. Getting benefits is one of the most pressing problems in competition. In this context, the analysis of articles of competitors should be thorough, as profits or other benefits directly depend on the results. Copying. This goal is closest to the rewriters, who rewrite existing texts in their own words.
Analysis of articles: basic analysis parameters
Depending on the purposes and nature of the text, there can be different types of analysis. E.g., if the goal is learning, then the analysis of the articles will take into account all possible actual functions.
A few words about the last three points. Stop words are words that do not carry a semantic load. These include alliances, prepositions, interjections, particles, etc.
To make your research creative, pay attention to the aesthetic features of the language of the article. Analyze whether the author uses metaphors, comparisons, and epithets. A creative analysis of an article that everyone will pay attention to is obtained if you analyze its artistic qualities. You will have to pay attention to the means of expressiveness involved in the article, e.g., the presence of comparisons, metaphors, epithets, and others.
Determine whether the application is appropriate in the context of citations, as well as the optimally of the number of citations used by the author. Check the semantic accuracy of the material. Check the information received with the list of literature. If the creation contains the results of statistical calculations, evaluate their reliability.
The main mistakes in writing articles:
1. Information that no one needs
It’s easy to meet bloggers who have hundreds of articles, and attendance is zero. When you look at the design of the article, the basic error is immediately obvious. People publish information that no one is looking for. Each article should contain answers to questions that people are looking for on the Internet. You need to select keywords for an article before writing and publishing another message.
2. The same everywhere
Inexperienced webmasters and bloggers can copy articles from other resources. This is especially annoying when you search for some information and get into the same articles in the search results. Search engine algorithms are still not perfect. But in the future, the situation will improve, and such plagiarists will be punished. There is no point in stealing texts as soon as criminals are punished.
3. Briefly and on business
We believe that articles should be written in the form of instructions that respond to the requests of visitors. The articles should contain clear answers to users’ requests. It is very annoying when you try to find a simple answer to a question or instruction, and as you have to read tons of unnecessary information and waste your precious time. An exception here are texts that are written for the soul and that do not respond to user requests.
4. Making an article
You need to think about its design before you publish a work. You also need to select or make pictures, record a video. Make paragraphs, lists, headings, content, etc. It is very unpleasant to read a blanket with text. You need to respect your readers and visitors even with a small font. This is also important for search engines.
5. Optimizing the article
Each text must have:
- Title for readers on the site
- Meta header for search engines
- Meta description for work
Example of article analysis
The author is — Nicholas G. Carr.
Is Google Making Us Stupid?
This text describes the need for using Google’s search engine, the daily use of search engines, and the presentation of life without them. And the consequences of using Google on our life.
It is written in the scientific-journalistic style. And it is very popular now, as an urgent topic for modern youth is touched upon. The topic itself is not new enough, but Nicholas was able to convey it to the masses.
The opinion was divided, but most of his fans believe that what he describes is a fact. Since there are times when you will not have access to Google services, and you will need your knowledge.
The author argues that the consumption of information through the Internet has made people slow-witted due to the decreased comprehension and poor concentration that digital reading and digital navigation causes. He yells that our ability to reading and focusing on getting worse because of fast content-spam in Google.
He uses many methods for this, playing on the emotions of his audience when he uses anecdotes, studies, and his own observations.
Carr begins with a quote from 2001: “Space Odyssey.” He explained the quote, talking about how a person reworks a computer, but then he compares it to how computers have processed his brain.
Carr, recognizing that these are just “anecdotes” as he calls them, uses another tool: research from established sources. He cites a study, done by researchers at the University College London, in which the way users of research sites were observed to only skim the pages and move from one topic to the next, never coming back.
He also quotes a developmental psychologist, Maryanne Wolfe, and Friedrich Nietzsche to male his words look more proved and to force the reader to believe him.
He begins the next paragraph saying “where does it all end?” which is a dramatic turn from the last paragraph.
The way he presented their ideas seemed almost mocking like he didn’t want people thinking he would ever believe the things they do.
Then he uses words and phrases like “pancake people” and “haunting” to create imagery in the reader’s mind of the havoc that the Internet wreaking on our minds.
Throughout all his work, Carr’s stance wasn’t entirely for or against; it was a pretty nuanced standpoint.
But in the last paragraph, Carr uses descriptive language to portray the bleakness of a possible future when computers change us to such an extent that we act and operate like a computer.
We also want to present a few quotations from this article:
”A search engine draws our attention to a specific fragment of the text in a few words or sentences that are directly related to what we are looking for at the moment, without prompting us to understand the work as a whole. Metaphorically speaking, we do not see the whole forest when we are looking for something on the web. But we also do not see trees, but we only see branches and leaves.“
With this quote, Carr observes the interdependence between a person and the technologies he uses. Turning to the help of a technical device, people not only acquire new abilities, but they are deprived of existing ones. E.g., the Internet Carr calls not just a complement, but a substitute for human memory. ;
”I gave up. Before I could finish this book, I started checking e-mail and reading RSS. I even managed to play with a couple of new social networks and wrote several posts on the blog. And most recently I could not resist and buy a Blu-ray player with built-in Wi-Fi. It allows you to listen to music directly from my account in Pandora, watch movies via NetFlix or YouTube videos. I have to admit: it’s cool. I’m not sure that I could live without technology. “
To write one of his books, Carr moved from Boston to a house in the mountains of Colorado to hide from everything that distracted him. He stopped using Twitter, Facebook, and e-mail and update the blog. But just as the world cannot return to the pre-digital time, a person can not abandon the technological tools he has become really fond of. Despite his beliefs, Carr admits that he himself could not live without NetFlix and the Internet.
Preparation for writing an article should begin with an answer to the question about the purpose of the work. The publication may contain new research results or an analysis of previously published works to substantiate a certain situation. Each of these types of articles has its own peculiarities. E.g., in “experimental” articles, as much information as possible should be given, on the basis of which readers will be able to adequately assess the quality of the conducted scientific research.
The creation of any scientific publication requires the scientist to comply with a set of rules that are designed to protect the reader from poor-quality work. The researcher should think about is whether to publish his results. Even before the process of writing begins, it is necessary to answer several questions. Only after a positive response to them, it makes sense to start working directly on the text.
The author, keen on working on the content part, ceases to notice grammatical errors in his article. Before sending material to the editorial office, it is advisable to ask colleagues to read the article, but it’s best to contact professional editors. The editor not only eliminates grammatical and punctuation mistakes but also improves the style of presentation. The editor does not specialize in the field of science to which the publication is devoted, and does not understand it as deeply as the author himself, and additional explanations and clarifications of the wording can be required.