Which group or groups took part in the February 1892 ST. Louis gathering, which evolved into the People’s Party?…Farmers, labor unionists, and women’s leaders.
What issues formed the basis of farmers’ dissatisfaction in the late nineteenth century?…Banking, railroading, and speculation.
The Farmers’ Alliance movement of the 1880s aimed to help famers…by sponsoring cooperatives that would give them greater economic independence.
By 1892, the Famers’ Alliance had become…the People’s Party.
How did the Populists propose to help American farmers in the 1890s?…The recommended creating a government-sponsored sub-treasury.
The Populists’ plan to help western farmers in the 1890s included…land reform and government ownership of railroads and telegraph lines.
What occurrence sparked the Homestead lockout and the ensuing strike in 1892?…The Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel workers tried to renew its contract.
What issue triggered the Cripple Creek miners strike of 1894?…Owners attempted to lengthen he workday from eight to ten hours.
Compared to the Homestead lockout, labor’s success at Cripple Creek demonstrated…the importance of state support in the outcome of labor disputes.
Which of the following problems was a drawback of living in the town of Pullman, Illinois?…The high rents.
One of the root causes of the major strike at the Pullman plant in 1893 was…the company’s attempts to control the work process.
Which event led to the end of the Pullman strike of 1893?…The courts issued an injunction leading to the imprisonment of Eugene Debs.
Which one of the United States allowed women to vote in 1890?…Wyoming.
Why did the American temperance movement attract women in the late nineteenth century?…Drunkenness adversely affected women in many ways.
After Frances Willard assumed the presidency of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union in 1879, the focus of the organization gradually changed to include…social action, labor conditions, and women’s voting rights.
Which of the following describes the National Woman Suffrage Association, which Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony formed in 1869?…It demanded the vote for women.
The unification of the National Woman Suffrage Association and the American Woman Suffrage Association in 1890 signaled…the beginning of a promising new era in women’s fight for the vote.
What was one outcome of the depression of 1893 in the United States?…The unemployment of nearly half the labor force.
In 1894, Jacob S. Coxey led thousands of unemployed people to Washington to propose a plan to…put the jobless to work building roads.
Which issue sparked conflict in the Democratic and Republican Parties as the election of 1896 approached and the depression worsened?…The unlimited coinage of silver.
At the St. Louis People’s Party convention in 1896, the Populist delegates decided to…nominate Tom Watson for vice president despite Bryan’s resistance to the idea.
What made presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan’s 1896 campaign particularly notable?…He set a new style for presidential campaigning by traveling and speaking widely.
What was the impact of the 1896 election on the Populist Party?..The Populist Party was the biggest loser.
What made America’s foreign policy paradoxical in 1900?…The country wanted to keep the Western Hemisphere closed out to outside influences yet also desired access to Asia.
How did the federal government respond when American sugar interests requested that the United States annex Hawaii in 1893?…President Cleveland withdrew the annexation request from Congress when he learned the Hawaiians opposed it.
The Boxer uprising in China in 1899 targeted…missionaries and their families.
Secretary of State John Hay initiated the Open Door policy in 1900…to guarantee access to trade in China for all colonial powers.
The Treaty of Paris that ended the war with Spain ceded which islands to the United States?…Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.
What occurrence provoked America’s entrance into the Spanish-American War in 1898?…Pressure by the press and the sinking of the Maine.
Which of these men became the most famous man in American after the Spanish-American War?..Theodore Roosevelt.
Chapter 21…
What did Jane Addams quickly learn was necessary to alleviate social problems in Chicago?…involvement in political action
The progressives that influenced the United States during the years between 1890 and 1916 were…reformers with a broad agenda of concerns.
How did the American progressive movement begin and evolve?…it began at the grassroots level and percolated up to the national level of government.
Progressives launched the social purity movement to…attack prostitution and other vices.
The temperance reform movement of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries stigmatized…the Irish, Italians, and Germans
What was the uprising of twenty thousand in 1909?A strike by women garment workers in New York City who were protesting low wages, dangerous working conditions, and management’s refusal to recognize their union.
the 1909 strike at New York City’s Triangle Shirtwaist Company demonstrated that…women workers could create solidarity across social and ethnic lines.
Lawyers used a mass of sociological evidence in the 1908 Muller v. Oregon case to demonstrate…the ill effects of working long hours on the health and safety of women.
What idea formed the core of the reform Darwinist theory in progressive-era American?..The state should play a more active role in solving social problems.
One of Cleveland mayor Thomas Lofton Johnson’s primary goals was to…reduce Cleveland’s streetcar systems fare from five cents to three cents to promote working-class ridership.
How did Wisconsin governor Robert La Follette unite his supporters during the first years of the twentieth century?…La Follette emphasized reform over party loyalty.
In his capacity as a reform governor of California from 1911 to 1917, Hiram Johnson…supported conservation, the initiative, referendum, and recall.
According to Theodore Roosevelt, the absolutely vital question facing the nation when he became president in 1901 was whether…the government had the power to control the trusts.
The Hepburn Act (1906) marked the first time that…a government commission was authorized to examine the records of a private business and set prices.
The term muckrakers refers to Progressive Era journalists who were known for…writing stories about corporate and political wrongdoing.
What did J.P. Morgan receive in return for his actions in the panic of 1907?..The tactic approval of President Roosevelt for U.S. Steel’s acquisition of Tennessee Coal and Iron.
How did President Theodore Roosevelt impact land and conservation during his administration?…He more than quadrupled the acreage of government reserves.
Which of the following statements describes the primary difference between preservationists and conservationists in the early twentieth century?…Preservationists sought to protect the wilderness from all commercial exploitation, while conservationists advocated its efficient use.
What was President Roosevelt’s primary reason for supporting a canal that would connect the Caribbean and the Pacific?…National defense.
The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine…set up the United States as the police power in the Western Hemisphere.
President Roosevelt was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906 for his role in…the Russo-Japanese War.
Which of the following describes President Taft’s dollar diplomacy in the Caribbean?Dollar diplomacy set commercial rather than strategic goals.
What factor explained Woodrow Wilson’s victory in the 1912 presidential election?Theodore Roosevelt entered the race as a third party candidate and split the Republic vote.
Which of the following statements describes Woodrow Wilson’s New Freedom?It incorporated his belief in limited government, states’ rights, and open markets.
Which of the following statement describes the Federal Reserve Act of 1913?It was the most significant piece of domestic legislation in Wilson’s presidency.
Woodrow Wilson refused to support child labor laws, woman suffrage, and labor’s demand for an end to…opposed affording special privileges to any group.
Margaret Sanger promoted birth control in the 1910s because she…believed it would usefully alter social and political power relationships.
What was the response to Margaret Sanger’s first efforts to launch a movement for birth control in 1915?..She was faced with the prospect of arrest for distributing obscene information.
The Progressive Era’s Jim Crow laws in the South were designed to…legalize and expand racial segregation in public facilities.
What was the fundamental difference between the philosophies of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B Du Bois during the progressive period?..Washington focused on education and economic progress, while Du Bois emphasized civil rights and black leadership.
Chapter 22…
Before he became President in 1912, Woodrow Wilson was…president of Princeton University and governor of North Carolina.
Which precedent guided President Wilson’s policies toward Latin America?The Monroe Doctrine.
What motivated the rebellion of Mexican farmers led by Pancho Villa in 1916-1917?The rebels believed the new American-backed government had betrayed the revolution’s promise to help the common people.
The outbreak of World War I in 1914 as triggered by…the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria by a Bosnian Serb terrorist.
President Wilson responded to the initial outbreak of war in Europe in 1914…with a proclamation of America’s absolute neutrality.
Which divisions did European countries established before the outbreak of World War I?The Triple Entente and the Triple Alliance.
In exchange for its neutrality in World War I, the United States insisted on having…free trade with all nations at war and guarantee of safety on the open seas.
What was the impact of Great Britain’s blockade of Germany in 1914?Trade between the United States and Great Britain increased.
Germany reacted to the 1914 blockade…with a submarine blockade of Great Britain.
How did President Wilson respond to the German’s sinking of the Lusitania?Wilson threatened a break in diplomatic relations with Germany.
Why did Germany decide to resume unrestricted submarine warfare in January 1917?Germany felt it could win the war before the United States could bring its army to Europe.
Which of the following describes the Zimmermann telegram that made headlines in 1917?it promised Mexico its lost provinces in the United States if it would declare war on its northern neighbor.
The immediate cause of President Wilson’s decision to ask Congress for a declaration of war against Germany in 1917 was…German submarine attacks on American vessels in the sea lanes to Great Britain.
How close were the votes in the House and Senate for and against a declaration of war against Germany in April 1917?The House and Senate both voted to declare the war with large majorities.
The Selective Service Act of 1917 authorized the armed forces to conscript…all young men.
The Military Draft Act of 1917 prohibited…prostitution and alcohol near training camps.
Which event led the German republican to seek an armistice in 1918?The Meuse-Argonne offensive.
Which nation suffered the most casualties in World War I?Germany
To ensure the loyalty of an immigrant nation to the cause of the war, President Wilson…launched a government-sponsored propaganda campaign to foster patriotism among ethnic groups.
What reform or reforms did the National War Labor Policies Board enact successfully during World War I?The eight-hour day, a living minimum wage, and collective bargaining rights for workers in industry.
What was the impact of the labor shortage that resulted from the mobilization of U.S. troops in 1917?Expanded employment opportunities for women
The war provided a huge boost for the temperance movement and led to what outcome by late 1917?Congressional passage of the Eighteenth Amendment.
What event finally spurred the granting of suffrage to all American women in 1920?Congress passed the Nineteenth Amendment, which was subsequently ratified by two-thirds of the states.
President Wilson created the Committee on Public Information to…stir up patriotism with posters, pamphlets, cartoons, and press releases.
What resulted from the patriotic fervor that grew in the United States during World War I?The German language disappeared from public school curricula.
The U.S. government passed the Espionage Act, the Trading with the Enemy Act, and the Sedition Act during World War I to…punish anything it considered disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive.
In his Fourteen Points, President Wilson called for…free trade and the right of European to self-determination.
What did the Allies hope to gain in negotiating the 1919 peace treaty in Paris?Disarmament and punishment for Germany.
Why were the Germans outraged by the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?they had agreed to an armistice based on Wilson’s Fourteen Points.
How were Wilson’s Fourteen Points honored in the Versailles Treaty?the versailles treaty included the establishment of the League of Nations.
Senator Henry Cabot Lodge strongly opposed the Treaty of Versailles because he…feared the League of Nations would interfere with American autonomy in foreign policy matters.
The United States failed to ratify the Treaty of Versailles and join the League of Nations because…President WIlson would not compromise on the terms of the treaty.
How did the U.S. Supreme Court rule in the case of Schenck v. United States (1919)?it ruled that Charles Schenck’s actions posed a clear and present danger to the nation in the time of war.
Chapter 23…
America’s return to a peacetime economy in 1920 and 1921 was marked by…a 20 percent unemployment rate, the highest to date.
In its effort to create prosperity at home, the Harding administration supported…high tariffs to protect American businesses.
President Harding’s administration was characterized by…scandals that touched many members of his administration.
President Calvin Coolidge’s economic policy included…reductions in government regulation of business
What was the purpose of the Dawes Plan, which was instituted in 1924?the plan cut Germany’s annual reparations payments in half and initiated fresh American loans to Germany.
Which industry formed the keystone of the American economy in the 1920s?the automobile industry
The outcome of the shift toward repetitive assembly-line work and specialized management divisions in the 1920s was..a tremendous increase in business productivity and overall efficiency.
Who was responsible for the creation of welfare capitalism in the 1920s, and why did they use it?businesses created welfare capitalism to encourage workers; loyalty to the company.
Which relatively new industry in the 1920s linked the possession of material goods to the fulfillment of spiritual and emotional needs?Advertising
Which element of the American economy during the 1920s lay at the heart of its fundamental lack of stability?Consumption
In the United States, the flapper of the 1920s represented…a challenge to women’s traditional gender roles
Which of the following statements exemplifies President Harding’s stance on prohibition on the 1920s?Liquor flowed freely in the White House during his administration.
Which of the following statements describes the Sheppard-Towner Act of 1921, which gave federal assistance to states seeking to reduce high infant mortality rates?It was the high point of women’s political influence in the 1920s.
During the 1920s, most American women who worked had…office and sales jobs
When black veterans of World War I returned home from their deployments, they found…races riots and economic
Marcus Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association urged black Americans in the 1920s to…rediscover their African heritage and take pride in their own culture and achievements.
The rapid growth of radio in the United States between 1922 and 1929 was funded by…advertisers, who wanted to reach prospective customers in their own homes.
What did popular culture and consumer goods have in common in the 1920s?both were mass-produced and mass consumed.
In 1927, Charles Lindbergh became the first person to…fly nonstop across the Atlantic Ocean
During the 1920s, rural Americans perceive cities as…idyllic places where they might go to enjoy restaurants, theater, museums.
The purpose of the immigration laws of the 1920s, including the Johnson-Reed Act, was to…place strict limits immigration.
What accounted for the reemergence of the Ku Klux Klan in the United States in 1915?the widespread belief that blacks, immigrants, radicals, feminists, Catholics, and Jews threatened traditional American values.
When Herbert Hoover took office in 1929, he brought to the presidency…modern ideas about how businesses should operate.
Which of the following characterized the U.S. economy when Herbert Hoover moved into the White House in 1929?There was a huge disparity in wealth between rich and poor.
Among the first signs of economic distress in the United States in the mid-1920s was…a slowdown in the new construction and in automobile sales.
The fundamental cause of the Great Depression in the United States was…problems in the American and international economies.
The purpose of the President Hoover’s Reconstruction Finance Corporation, created in 1932, was to…lend money to endangered American banks, insurance companies, and railroads.
By the early 1930s, unemployment workers were responding to the Great Depression by…becoming increasingly outraged and turning toward militant forms of protest.
How did the Great Depression affect the American family in the 1930s?it created resentment among men, who lost their jobs more often than women did.
The hoover administration responded to the World War I veterans who asked for the immediate payment of their pension or bonus…by ordering the U.S. army to forcibly evict them from their camp on the edge of Washington, D.C.