apush ch7

a nationwide system of free public schools for all male citizensRegarding education, early-nineteenth-century Republicans favored
private institutions.In the early nineteenth century, school education was largely the responsibility of
should have the same educational opportunities as men, were equal to men in intellect and potential, should have a role in society apart from their husbands, should have opportunities to earn their own livings.The writer Judith Sargent Murray argued that women
who might become civilized through exposure to white culture.Thomas Jefferson believed American Indians were primitive people
saw the number of colleges and universities growing substantially.Around 1800, higher education in the United States
the University of Pennsylvania.The first American medical school was established at
most doctors received their training by working with an established physician.In the study of medicine during the early nineteenth century,
decline in midwives.The expansion of the medical profession during the early nineteenth century resulted in a
as a nationalist.Noah Webster thought every American schoolboy should be educated
Ichabod Crane and Rip Van Winkle.The writer Washington Irving is best remembered for his works on
argued for a remote God that had withdrawn from human affairs.The religious concept of deism
both the philosophy of “unitarianism” and a wave of revivalism.Religious skepticism resulted in
began as an effort by church establishments to revitalize their organizations.The Second Great Awakening
UnitariansThe Second Great Awakening helped spread all of the following denominations EXCEPT the
called for an active and fervent piety.The message of the Second Great Awakening
encouraged racial unrest.The revivalism of the Second Great Awakening
the restoration of traditional Indian culture.During the Second Great Awakening, the Indian revivalist Handsome Lake called for
Eli WhitneyThe cotton gin was invented by
had a profound effect on the textile industry in New England.The invention of the cotton gin in the late eighteenth century
concept of interchangeable parts.Eli Whitney is a major figure in American technology for introducing the
made significant advances in steam-powered navigation.In the early eighteenth century, the Americans Robert Fulton and Robert Livingston
many roads were built for profit by private companies.The early nineteenth century in America is known as the “turnpike era” because
the nation remained overwhelmingly agrarian.Population data of the United States in 1800 reveals
was bound by lines of race and class.In the United States during the early nineteenth century, horse racing
Pierre L’Enfant.The chief designer of the capital city of Washington was
was little more than a simple village.In 1800, Washington, D.C.,
considered their state legislatures to be more prestigious political bodies.In the early nineteenth century, many members of Congress
sought to convey the public image of a plain, ordinary citizen.As president, Thomas Jefferson
helped establish a military academy at West Point.In his first term, President Thomas Jefferson
eliminated all internal taxes.During his first term, President Thomas Jefferson
stated that Congress had no authority to expand the power of the Supreme Court, and that the Supreme Court had the power to nullify an act of Congress.The Supreme Court’s ruling in the case of Marbury v. Madison (1803)
chief justice of the Supreme Court at the time of Marbury v. Madison.John Marshall was
a new French regulation restricting the use of the port of New Orleans by American shipsIn 1802, what spurred President Jefferson to seek the building of a river fleet and to give the impression that the United States might ally with Great Britain?
the land boundaries were not clearly defined.Under the treaty terms for the Louisiana Purchase,
the French army on the American continent had been decimated by disease.Napoleon decided to sell the entire Louisiana Territory to the United States in part because
was unsure of his constitutional authority to accept it.When Thomas Jefferson received the treaty for the Louisiana Purchase, he
interpretation of the Constitution.When President Jefferson spoke of “loose construction,” he was referring to
was assisted by the guide Sacajawea.The Lewis and Clark expedition
convinced many Americans that the land between the Missouri River and the Rocky Mountains was undesirable.The explorations of Zebulon Pike
feared the westward growth of the United States.In 1804, the Federalists known as the Essex Junto
Burr’s belief that Hamilton’s malevolence had cost him the New York governor’s race.The duel between Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton was the result of
naturalized Americans born on British soil.During the Jefferson administration, the British claimed the right to stop American merchant ships and seize
led the United States to prohibit its ships from leaving for foreign ports.The Chesapeake-Leopard incident
created a serious economic depression in the nation.The Embargo of 1807
all nations except Great Britain and France.The Non-Intercourse Act reopened American trade with
Macon’s Bill No. 2.In 1810, the Non-Intercourse Act expired and was replaced by
an offer to Indians to become settled farmers and join white society, and an insistence that they give up claims to tribal lands in the Northwest.President Thomas Jefferson’s Indian policy included
he used threats and bribery as a means to acquire Indian lands.During William Henry Harrison’s governorship of the Indiana Territory,
believed the only effective means to resist white settlers was Indian tribal unity.Tecumseh
was partly motivated by the number of runaway slaves who escaped there.The desire by American southerners to acquire Florida
war hawks.In 1812, Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun could best be described as
Napoleon’s catastrophic campaign against Russia.In the War of 1812, Britain turned its full military attention to America after
The United States entered the war with enthusiasm and optimism.Which statement about the War of 1812 is true?
on the Great Lakes.During the War of 1812, the United States achieved early military success
saw Tecumseh killed while a brigadier general in the British army.During the War of 1812, the Battle of the Thames
viciously broke the resistance of the Creek.At the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, in 1814, Andrew Jackson
seized Washington and set fire to the presidential mansion.In 1814, the British
“The Star-Spangled Banner.”Following the British bombardment of Fort McHenry, Francis Scott Key wrote
took place weeks after the war had officially ended.In the War of 1812, the Battle of New Orleans
struck a virtual death blow to the Federalist Party.During the War of 1812, the Hartford Convention
began an improvement in relations between England and the United States.The Treaty of Ghent that ended the War of 1812
the mutual disarmament of the Great Lakes by Britain and the United States.The Rush-Bagot agreement of 1817 called for
trueJeffersonians believed in a smaller government, but they also favored a nationwide system of public schools.
trueThe idea of the “republican mother” presumed that it was important that women be educated.
falseJefferson believed that Native Americans were uncivilized and innately inferior.
falseMany efforts were made to educate both Native Americans and African slaves to “uplift” them as people.
falseIn the early nineteenth century, primary and secondary education, but not higher education, operated in close conformity to republican ideals.
falseThe early nineteenth-century growth of the medical profession resulted in an expansion in opportunities for women.
trueAt the end of the eighteenth century, only a small proportion of white Americans were members of formal churches.
truePhilosophies such as universalism were not consistent with the doctrines of Calvinism.
falseThe Second Great Awakening succeeded in restoring to prominence traditional doctrines such as predestination.
falseThe revivalism of the Second Great Awakening was essentially restricted to white people.
falseBy the early nineteenth century, the United States began to have cities that approached the major cities of Europe in population.
falseBy the end of Jefferson’s presidency, the capital city of Washington rivaled New York and Philadelphia as a major American city.
trueJefferson tried to make sure that federal offices went to people who would be loyal to his ideas and to his presidency.
falseJefferson as president was able to cut the size of government, but he was not able to reduce the national debt.
trueJefferson was not a pacifist, but he did scale down the size of the American armed forces.
trueImmediately following Jefferson’s first inauguration, Republicans began to attack the judicial branch of government.
trueJohn Marshall was a Federalist who served during several Republican administrations.
trueThe terms of the Louisiana Purchase were made without the prior approval of either the president or Congress.
falseThe Lewis and Clark expedition was organized over President Jefferson’s objections.
falsePrior to their journey west in 1804, neither Lewis nor Clark had experience dealing with Indians.
falseAaron Burr was convicted and imprisoned for the murder of Alexander Hamilton.
trueThe War of 1812 was caused by conflicts on the Atlantic Ocean and in the American West.
trueOn the road to the War of 1812, most Americans regarded England as a greater violator of American neutral rights than France, because England had the stronger navy.
trueThe clash between the Chesapeake and the Leopard resulted in a victory for the British ship.
trueCongress’s response to the violations of American neutral rights was in part to prohibit American ships from leaving any American port for any foreign port in the world.
falseThe Battle of Tippecanoe was a rare Indian victory against the United States.
trueAt the time of the War of 1812, what is now Florida was held by Spain.
falseCongressmen who were labeled “war hawks” were almost exclusively Federalists.
trueDuring the War of 1812, Andrew Jackson made a name for himself in Florida and at New Orleans.
trueBy the time of the War of 1812, the Federalist Party was the minority party nationally, but it was still the majority party in New England.
falseThe Hartford Convention called for secession from the United States.
falseIn the Treaty of Ghent, the British renounced their practice of impressments.
falseThe War of 1812 gave the Indian tribes east of the Mississippi at least a glimmer of better days to come in their ongoing battle to resist white expansion.
educationJudith Sargent Murray is best known for defending the right of women to a(n) ________.
university of pennsylvaniaThe first American medical school was the ________.
deistsThose who accepted the existence of God but regarded Him as a remote being were called ________.
womenOne of the most striking features of the Second Great Awakening was the preponderance of ________ who were involved in it.
gabriel prosserIn 1800, Virginia was the scene of a foiled slave revolt to be led by ________.
handsome lakeThe most important Indian revivalist during the Second Great Awakening was ________.
pawtucketThe first modern factory in America was located in ________, Rhode Island.
cotton ginEli Whitney’s ________ revolutionized the American South’s economy.
steam-poweredRobert Fulton and Robert Livingston are both associated with ________ navigation.
barbaryDuring his presidency, Thomas Jefferson best demonstrated his willingness to use force against the ________ states.
marbury v. madisonIn 1803, the Supreme Court defined its authority over Congress with its ruling in the case of ________.
louisianaThe Treaty of San Ildefonso gave France control of ________.
new orleansJefferson was alarmed in 1802 by the imposition of a new French policy that restricted access by American shipping vessels to the port of ________.
sacajaweaThe Lewis and Clark expedition was aided by the Indian woman ________.
federalistsThe Essex Junto was composed of extreme ________ of New England.
aaron burrChief Justice John Marshall presided over the treason trial of ________.
impressmentThe British practice of stopping American ships and seizing American sailors was called ________.
embargoPresident Jefferson responded to British and French violations of American neutral rights by securing passage of the ________.
canadaOn the road to the War of 1812, the British expected an American invasion of ________.
tecumsehTenskwatawa, otherwise known as the Prophet, was a brother of ________.
tippecanoeIn 1811, General William Henry Harrison defeated Native Americans at the Battle of ________.
great lakesDuring the War of 1812, the United States achieved early military successes on the ________.
hartford conventionNew England Federalists opposed to the War of 1812 organized the ________ to show their displeasure.
ghentThe Treaty of ________ ended the War of 1812.