12-14 MCC FINAL TEST
|a. presentation aid||A ______ is any image, object or sound that helps communicate an idea to an audience.|
a. presentation aid
c. confidence booster
|b. sight||Presentation aids are effective because we depend on _____ more than all the other senses combined.|
|c. visual rhetoric||______ is the practice of integrating images within the overall communication plan a speaker makes to achieve his or her speaking goal.|
a. Strategic appeal
b. Organizational procedure
c. Visual rhetoric
d. Attention maintenance
|b. Try using a spur of the moment volunteer in your speech to create immediacy.||What advice does the text offer in regards to using people as presentation aids in a speech?|
a. Never use other people as presentation aids in a speech because of the potential for something to go wrong.
b. Try using a spur-of-the-moment volunteer in your speech to create immediacy.
c. Make sure they don’t draw attention away from your speech; have them stand or sit still until they are needed in the speech.
d. Avoid using others as presentational aids; rely on yourself as the presentational aid.
|a. object||In Louise’s speech about various golf grips and strokes, Louise used several golf clubs and demonstrated the moves as she spoke. In addition to herself, Louise effectively utilized which of the following presentation aids?|
|c. Joe should use a three-dimensional model of a Holstein along with the items he uses to groom the cattle since the actual object is too large to be easily used as a presentation aid for a speech||Joe is a member of Future Farmers of America (FFA), so for his demonstration speech he wanted to show his audience the proper way to groom and care for his prize-winning Holstein cattle. Instead of bringing a Holstein to class, what does the textbook suggest as the best option for Joe?|
a. Joe should pass around photos since the actual object is too large and cumbersome to be easily used as a presentation aid for this speech.
b. Joe should forego the use of presentation aids in such a situation since a large presentation aid (such as a cow) would be too distracting.
c. Joe should use a three-dimensional model of a Holstein along with the items he uses to groom the cattle since the actual object is too large to be easily used as a presentation aid for a speech.
d. Joe should go ahead and use the Holstein, even if it is large and not easy to maneuver, because an object is always preferable to a drawing or model.
|c. a graph of population growth||Which of the following is an example of a two-dimensional presentation aid?|
a. a model of the human heart
b. a puppy dog
c. a graph of population growth
d. a jump rope
|b. they are easy and inexpensive to make||What is one benefit of using drawings as presentation aids?|
a. They are designed to be read from a far distance.
b. They are easy and inexpensive to make.
c. They help clarify statistical data.
d. They are more detailed than other presentation aids.
|a. graph||A presentation aid which is a pictorial representation of statistical data is a|
|c. it should be incorporated into a presentation software program such as Powerpoint.||How can a photograph BEST be used as a presentation aid?|
a. It should be passed around to the entire audience.
b. It should be copied and handed out to the audience.
c. It should be incorporated into a presentation software program such as PowerPoint.
d. It should be put it in a large, attention-getting frame and hung prominently behind the speaker.
|c. line graphs||Like bar graphs, ______ organize statistical data to show overall trends. They, however, can cover a greater span of time or numbers than a bar graph without looking cluttered or confusing.|
b. pie graphs
c. line graphs
d. picture graphs
|d. to present data in a less formal format which is easier for the audience to read||Why would a picture graph be used in a speech?|
a. to show individual shares of the whole
b. to present a great deal of information in a limited space
c. to represent statistical data and trends over a given period of time
d. to present data in a less formal format which is easier for the audience to read
|c. keep visuals and sounds simple||When using computer-generated presentation aids, you should|
a. use fancy fonts to attract audience attention.
b. add as many images as possible to each slide.
c. keep visuals and sounds simple.
d. avoid the use of bullet points.
|b. they add professional polish||The most significant advantage of using computer-generated presentation aids is that|
a. they are quick and easy to prepare.
b. they add professional polish.
c. they allow speakers to deliver much more information in the same timeframe.
d. they create a sense of informality.
|a. clip art||Images or pictures stored in a computer file or in printed form that can be used in a presentation aid are called|
a. clip art.
c. audiovisual aids.
d. pictorial graphics.
|d. the same background color on all visuals and no more than two colors for words.||When using color in computer-generated presentation aids, you should use|
a. the same background color on all visuals and no fewer than three colors for words.
b. a different background color on all visuals and no more than four colors for words.
c. a different background color on all visuals and no more than two colors for words.
d. the same background color on all visuals and no more than two colors for words.
|a. the opening or title slide||When using a PowerPoint presentation, what image should a speaker project when he or she wishes to address the audience and not refer to a slide?|
a. the opening or title slide
b. no image or a blank slide
c. a humorous and topic-appropriate cartoon
d. a photo of the speaker
|a. “Consider your audience”||Without a doubt, the concept most often ignored when using presentation aids in public speaking is|
a. “Consider your audience.”
b. “Avoid decorative fonts.”
c. “Appeal to the senses.”
d. “Make it big.”
|a. decided on the purpose of your speech.||You should not select a presentation aid until you have|
a. decided on the purpose of your speech.
b. practiced your speech several times.
c. developed your speaking notes.
d. perfected your nonverbal delivery.
|a. Murphy’s Law||When using presentation aids, you should always remember ______: if something can go wrong, it will.|
a. Murphy’s Law
b. the Law of Attraction
c. Newton’s Law
d. Dillon’s Rule
|c. enhance the audience’s knowledge or understanding.||When speaking to inform, the speaker’s primary goal is to|
a. change or reinforce a listener’s attitudes, beliefs, values or behavior.
b. change or reinforce the speaker’s attitudes, beliefs, values or behavior.
c. enhance the audience’s knowledge or understanding.
d. enhance the speaker’s knowledge or understanding.
|a. spatially||A speech about an object may best be organized topically, chronologically, or|
b. in a problem-solution pattern.
|a. procedures||A speech about ______ is an informative speech that discusses how something works or describes a process with a particular outcome.|
|b. a speech about vintage clothing||Which of the following is an example of a speech about an object?|
a. a speech about planting an organic garden
b. a speech about vintage clothing
c. a speech about legendary Led Zeppelin guitarist Jimmy Page
d. a speech about Jungian psychology
|b. a speech about a procedure||Phyllis presented an informative speech on how to fix a flat tire. What type of informative speech was this?|
a. a speech about an idea
b. a speech about a procedure
c. a speech about an object
d. a speech about an event
|d. biographical||In a ______ speech you could talk about someone famous or someone you know personally.|
|c. a speech about people||Roberto gave an informative speech about the life and artistic accomplishments of Andy Warhol. What type of informative speech did Roberto deliver?|
a. a speech about ideas
b. a speech about events
c. a speech about people
d. a speech about procedures
|b. a speech about an event||Seth decided to present his informative speech on the origins and development of Mardi Gras parades. What type of informative speech did Seth present?|
a. a speech about an idea
b. a speech about an event
c. a speech about people
d. a speech about a procedure
|d. an idea||When previewing his speech on Islam, Tim says, “The best way to understand Islam is to examine some of its beliefs.|
” Tim will be giving a speech about
a. a procedure.
c. an event.
d. an idea.
|b. topically||Most speeches about ideas are organized according to complexity or|
|c. clarity||To express your ideas so that the intended message is accurately understood by the audience is known as speaking with|
|A. Adults should be actively involved in the learning process.||Which of the following is a principle of adult learning?|
a. Adults should be actively involved in the learning process.
b. Adults prefer learning about abstract concepts rather than real-world concepts.
c. Adults prefer information that does not pertain to their personal problems.
d. Adults prefer to learn what they already know.
|b. andragogy||The art and science of teaching adults to learn is|
|a. an analogy||Research suggests that you can demystify a complex process if you first provide a simple overview of the process with ______, a vivid description, or a word picture.|
a. an analogy
b. a simile
c. a statistic
d. a flowchart
|b. word picture||A ______ is a vivid description that helps your listeners form a mental image by appealing to their senses of sight, taste, smell, sound, and touch.|
b. word picture
|a. auditory||A person who learns best by hearing is known as a(n) ______ learner.|
b. visual print
|b. visual print||If Val’s preferred method of learning is by reading, then she is a(n) ______ learner.|
b. visual print
|a. conflict, action, suspense||An effective way to keep an audience’s attention is to tell a story. According to your text, what are three elements that make a good story?|
a. conflict, action, suspense
b. characters, plot, setting
c. values, beliefs, attitudes
d. dialogue, action, humor
|a. by sprinkling in one or more internal summaries of your key ideas||How do you make your message redundant without insulting your listeners’ intelligence?|
a. by sprinkling in one or more internal summaries of your key ideas
b. by utilizing summaries only in the conclusion
c. by eliminating previews in the introduction
d. by delivering the conclusion to the audience twice
|a. central idea||A(n) ______, a short review of what you have just presented, makes a good transition between major ideas.|
a. central idea
b. internal summary
c. specific behavioral objective
d. general purpose
|a. persuasion||The process of changing or reinforcing a listener’s attitudes, beliefs, values, or behavior is|
|b. attitudes||Our likes and dislikes are represented by our|
|c. Beliefs||______ are the ways we structure reality to accept something as true or false.|
|b. values||In the process of persuading your audience, which of the following is most difficult to change?|
|d. motivation||The underlying internal force that drives us to achieve our goals is|
|b. Pathos||_____ is the term Aristotle used to refer to appeals to human emotion.|
|d. Logos||_____ is the term Aristotle used to refer to logic-the formal system of using rules to reach a conclusion.|
|c. The elaboration likelihood model of persuasion||______ is a theory that suggests people can be persuaded by logic, evidence, and reasoning, or through a more peripheral route that may depend on the credibility of the speaker, the sheer number of arguments presented, or emotional appeals.|
a. Cognitive dissonance
b. The hierarchy of needs
c. The elaboration likelihood model of persuasion
d. Positive motivation
|a. physiological||The most basic needs for all humans are ______ needs. Unless these needs are met, it will be difficult to motivate a listener to satisfy other needs.|
|c. self-actualization||The personal need to achieve our highest potential is known as the need for|
b. emotional comfort.
d. psychological reassurance.
|d. postive motivation||Knowing what your listeners value and appealing to those values is known in persuasion as|
a. self-actualization appeal.
b. self-esteem appeal.
c. negative motivation.
d. positive motivation.
|d. benefit||A ______ is a good result or something that creates a positive emotional response in the listener.|
|d. an appeal to positive motivation||In her persuasive speech, Tiffany says the following: “So, by using these simple steps, you will save time, money, and energy.” What form of persuasive appeal is this?|
a. an appeal to self-esteem needs
b. a negative or guilt-based appeal
c. using cognitive dissonance
d. an appeal to positive motivation
|d. negative motivation, based on a fear appeal||In her persuasive speech, Martha spoke about the possibility of dirty nuclear weapons being used against the United States by Iraq, Iran, and North Korea. She challenged her audience to monitor Senate hearings on the problem and to get involved by writing or emailing their legislators. What form of motivation did Martha successfully employ in her speech?|
a. positive motivation, based on a patriotism appeal
b. an appeal to basic self-esteem and self-actualization needs
c. cognitive dissonance
d. negative motivation, based on a fear appeal
|c. when you can convince your listeners that they have the power to make a change that will reduce the threat||When are fear appeals most successful?|
a. when your listeners feel powerless to change or remedy the impending threat
b. when your listeners perceive the threat as hypothetical rather than real
c. when you can convince your listeners that they have the power to make a change that will reduce the threat
d. when the threat is directed at the audience-members themselves rather than their family members
|b. judgment||Social ______ theory categorizes listener responses to a persuasive message according to latitude of acceptance, latitude of rejection, or latitude of noncommitment.|
|a. propositon||A(n) ______ is a statement that summarizes the ideas with which a speaker wants an audience to agree.|
|a. fact||The statement “Osama bin Laden was responsible for the September 11 tragedy,” is a proposition of|
|b. proposition of fact||Janet saw a news story about a family of seven children who perished in a house fire. It was also revealed that the house did not contain smoke detectors. As a result, she developed a persuasive speech stating that this kind of tragedy is avoidable with the simple installation of a smoke detector. Janet was using which kind of proposition for her central idea?|
a. proposition of value
b. proposition of fact
c. proposition of policy
d. proposition of action
|c. policy||When a proposition in a persuasive speech focuses on having the listener judge the worth or importance of something, it is a proposition of|