Chapter 15: Juvenile Justice System

6 categories of children1. Abused Child
2. Neglected Child
3. Dependent Child
4. Undisciplined Child
5. Abused Child
6. Status Offender
Breed v. JonesRestricted the conditions under which transfers from juvenile to adult courts must be made before adjudicatory hearing in juvenile court
In re GaultJuveniles are guaranteed many of the same procedural rights as adults
In re WinshipThe standard of evidence needed is beyond a reasonable doubt (deliquency hearings)
Kent v. USCase that ended the hands off era
McKeiver v. PennsylvaniaJuveniles do not have the constitutional right to trial by jury
Final stage of adjudicated juvenile proceedingsPostadjudicatory
Document filed that alleges a juvenile is a status offenderPetition
Type of hearing to decide action a court makes relevant to a childDisposition
Child suffering from malnutrition is categorized asNeglected Child
Category that includes children who violate law written only for themStatus Offender
A child who is said to be beyond parental controlUndisciplined Child
A group of individuals sharing similarities like age, birthplace, ectCohorts
The lowest evidentiary standard for a status offensePreponderance of the evidence
1899 Legislation ‘became the model fir juvenile court statutes throughout the nation’Illinois Juvenile Court Act
The reform school was one product created byChild savings movement
1st House of Refuges was inNew York
Juvenile make up for 15% of violent crimes and 60% of property crimes (T/F)True
Goal of Juvenile Justice SystemRehabilitation
Term used rather than GuiltyInvolved
Juveniles aren’t criminals they’reDelinquents