Art 100 Midterm- Chapter 6

Pigmentcoloring material
Bindersubstance that allows pigment to be shaped into sticks or fluid to adhere to the drawing surface
Graphitea soft, crystalline form of carbon; naturally occurring drawing medium that leaves trails of gray particles
Metalpointthin wire made of a relatively soft metal such as silver; wire is drawn across a dried ground and leaves a thing trail of metal particles that tarnish to a pale gray
Charcoalcharred wood
Crayonpowdered pigments mixed with a greasy or waxy substance
Pastelpowdered pigments mixed with a non-greasy binder in water then dried into sticks
Chalkkind of soft, white limestone; black, red and white but is not used much today
Pen and Inkconsists of ultra fine articles of pigment suspended in water, binder is used to help adhere to surface
Ink Washink diluted with water and applied with a brush
Brush and InkUsing a brush to apply ink to paper.
Who is credited with the invention of paper around 105 C.E.?the chinese
The predecessor of the graphite pencil, especially popular during the Renaissance is?metalpoint
The coloring material in virtually all drawing media is known as?pigment
The difference in the color and consistency of different types of crayons and pastels is due to?the use of different binders
What do we call the relative texture of the surface of paper?surface texture
Georges Seurat’s CafĂ©-concert is drawn on rough paper giving it the same quality as his painting technique called?pointillism
Leonardo da Vinci used drawings to explore ideas in?engineering, science, mathematics, and art
Which medium would you use if you wanted to best convey a scene at night?
What medium did Degas use frequently – it gives soft, painterly color.pastels