Art Chapters 11-12 multiple choice

dThe carving method:
a. is more aggressive than modeling.
b. is more direct than casting.
c. is a subtractive process.
d. All of these.
e. None of these answers is correct.
cfour basic methods for making a sculpture are:
a. modeling, firing, lashing, and casting.
b. casting, stacking, rolling, and carving.
c. modeling, casting, carving, and assembling.
d. casting, turning, rolling, and modeling.
e. None of these answers is correct.
dAndy Goldsworthy uses ________ materials to create sculptures that are ________.
a. artificial; ephemeral
b. natural; permanent
c. artificial; permanent
d. natural; ephemeral
e. imaginary; conceptual
dRelief sculpture is:
a. not meant to be viewed in the round.
b. not finished on all sides.
c. often used to decorate architecture.
d. All of these.
e. None of these answers is correct.
eFired clay is sometimes called:
a. pewter.
b. haut relief.
c. rococo.
d. ceramic.
e. terra cotta.
cThe ________ process dates back to the 3rd millennium B.C.E.
a. gilding
b. subtractive
c. lost-wax
d. bas-relief
e. None of these answers is correct.
bSculptors will often create a “sketch” out of ________ to test ideas before proceeding to their medium of choice.
a. fresco
b. clay
c. bronze
d. gilding
e. All of these answers are correct.
e________ is a sculptural process of bringing together individual pieces, segments, or objects to form a sculpture.
a. Contrapposto
b. Cire perdue
c. Collage
d. In-the-round
e. Assemblage
a. did not believe in trying to influence people through images.
b. favored industrial and construction materials.
c. attempted to offer a pure experience by letting the materials they used speak for themselves.
d. All of these are the case.
e. None of these answers is correct.
eThe artworks of Christo and Jeanne-Claude are intended:
a. to be temporary and transitory.
b. as self-financing works.
c. as works that have as the subject matter the entire process of the project.
d. to bring together a temporary community of people focused on a particular idea.
e. All of these answers are correct.
aThe sculpture The Scraper is an idealized figure from which civilization?
a. Greek
b. Roman
c. Indian
d. Chinese
e. Mesoamerican
dCarved in a broad style of plain surfaces and subtle modeling, Colossal Head is thought to represent ________ rulers.
a. Egyptian
b. Greek
c. Italian
d. Olmec
e. Indian
bThe Indian sculpture Durga Fighting the Buffalo Demon is an example of:
a. low-relief sculpture.
b. high-relief sculpture.
c. bronze casting.
d. assemblage.
e. collage.
eThe additive process of sculpture includes:
a. carving.
b. assembling.
c. modeling.
d. both carving and modeling.
e. both assembling and modeling.
aThe subtractive process involves:
a. carving.
b. assembling.
c. welding.
d. modeling.
e. None of these answers is correct.
bIn sculpture, what is the most popular modeling material?
a. Gold
b. Clay
c. Marble
d. Leather
e. Wood
cWhich of the following concepts conceives of a space and everything in it as a work of art?
a. Bas-relief
b. Pop-art
c. Installation art
d. Contrapposto
e. High relief
cCasting is known as ________ method.
a. a subtractive
b. an additive
c. an indirect
d. an assemblage
e. a modeling
eWhat is the key difference between the process of lost-wax casting as practiced in ancient times and that same process today?
a. The lost-wax process did not exist in ancient times.
b. The modern method no longer uses wax.
c. There is no difference between the modern and the ancient methods.
d. Today’s sculptors do not use the lost-wax method.
e. Today, multiples can be created from the process.
dHigh-relief sculpture is different from low-relief sculpture in that:
a. high-relief projects boldly from the background.
b. high-relief is installed high upon the wall of a building.
c. elements of high-relief may be in the round, unattached to the background.
d. high-relief projects boldly from the background, and elements of high-relief may be in the round, unattached to the background.
e. All these answers are correct.
aContrapposto (meaning counter poise or counterbalance) was developed by ________ as a pose for sculptures of the human figure.
a. ancient Greeks
b. ancient Egyptians
c. 18th-century artists of the Ivory Coast
d. 12th-century Japanese artists
e. artists of the Renaissance
dSerpent Mound and Spiral Jetty are known as:
a. installations.
b. sculptures in the round.
c. lost-wax moldings.
d. earthworks.
e. high-relief sculptures.
bThe sculpture The Dying Slave, employing the contrapposto stance, was created by which artist?
a. Kiki Smith
b. Michelangelo
c. Rodin
d. Martin Puryear
e. Petah Coyne
dWhat separates the art object from the craft object?
a. Art requires more talent than craft.
b. Craft requires more talent than art.
c. Artists use traditional materials.
d. There is no definite line.
e. None of these answers is correct.
aThe Tree of Jesse is a work from:
a. the golden age of stained glass.
b. the Pueblo people of San Ildefonso.
c. the 15th century.
d. the first wave of feminist art.
e. American ex-slaves of the 19th century.
aAlthough the chemical composition of ________ changes when exposed to extreme heat, ________ doesn’t change chemically when its pliability is altered by heat.
a. clay; glass
b. glass; metal
c. metal; clay
d. glass; clay
e. None of these answers is correct.
dThe work One Shot by Patrick Jouin for Materialise. MGX is a:
a. clay vase.
b. flowered box.
c. glass table.
d. plastic stool.
e. None of these answers is correct.
cIslamic cultures have focused a great deal of aesthetic attention on:
a. tapestries.
b. stained glass.
c. carpets and rugs.
d. jade and lacquer.
e. blurring the boundaries between art and craft.
bIn weaving, the set of fibers that is held taut on a loom or frame is called the:
a. woof.
b. warp.
c. weft.
d. walp.
e. weave.
cWhich of the following is made from the sap of a tree?
a. Glaze
b. Jade
c. Lacquer
d. Lattene
e. Porcelain
a. happens when metal is melted into a liquid.
b. is when metal is shaped by hammer blows.
c. can only happen if the metal is cold.
d. is a relatively new method of metalworking.
e. None of these answers is correct.
bThe chair of Hetepheres:
a. is the throne of a famous Roman king.
b. was well preserved by Egypt’s dry climate.
c. is the throne of a famous Roman king and was initially well preserved by Egypt’s dry climate but now only exists in a picture as the chair’s wood rotted.
d. All of these.
e. None of these answers is correct.
cBy far the fastest method of creating a hollow, rounded clay form is by means of the:
a. woof.
b. coiling system.
c. potter’s wheel.
d. loom.
e. None of these.
aOne artist who displays the legacies of the Arts and Crafts movement employing the techniques of glassblowing is:
a. Toots Zynsky.
b. Gustav Stickley.
c. Josiah McElheny.
d. Patrick Jouin.
e. Betty Woodman.
dWood is not very durable because:
a. cold and heat distort it.
b. water rots it.
c. insects can eat it away.
d. All of these are the case.
e. None of these answers is correct.
dThe principal ingredient of glass is:
a. resin.
b. lead.
c. kaolin.
d. sand.
e. cloisonné.
aThe most common way to shape a hollow glass vessel is by:
a. blowing.
b. chasing.
c. staining.
d. forging.
e. lacquering.
bThe Arts and Crafts movement came about as a reaction to:
a. the Renaissance.
b. the Industrial Revolution.
c. the Dark Ages.
d. the fall of the Roman empire.
e. the Sixties.
dIndustrial art as discussed by Gustav Stickley in The Craftsman:
a. encouraged cooperation between artists and manufacturers.
b. set about to design objects that could be machine produced.
c. preceded the field of design.
d. All of these.
e. None of these answers is correct.
bWood is a popular craft material because:
a. it is well-suited to weaving.
b. it is abundant and relatively easy to work.
c. it is not suited for mechanized production.
d. it is extremely durable.
e. All of these answers are correct.
cThe ancient Olmecs of Mesoamerica prized ________ for its translucence, which they associated with rainwater.
a. lacquer
b. glaze
c. jade
d. stained glass
e. silver gilt
cAn archaeologist asked ________ to reconstruct an entire pot from a broken piece he had found, thus launching her career and the revival of Pueblo pottery.
a. Judy Chicago
b. Faith Ringgold
c. María Martínez
d. Betty Woodman
e. Harriet Powers
eThe secret of ____________ was discovered and perfected in China, and for hundreds of years potters elsewhere failed to duplicate it.
a. terra cotta
b. lacquer
c. stained glass
d. gold leaf
e. porcelain
dThe sculptor Olowe of Ise is associated with what culture?
a. Indian
b. Chinese
c. Pueblo
d. Yoruba
e. Egyptian