Ap european history chapter 14 test review

The primary motive for European exploration during the Renaissance waseconomic, the desire for precious metals and new areas for trade
The Italian merchant whose tales of the court of Kublai Khan popularized China in Europe wasMarco Polo
Prince Henry the Navigator established the first school for mariners at his court inPortugal
The religious crusading motive for exploration was strongest inSpain and Portugal
Portugal became the early leader in European expansion largely throughdefeating Muslim opposition in establishing trade opportunities with India
The sea captain who first made a sea voyage directly from Europe to India wasVasco da Gama
Spanish expansion and exploration of the New World was best exemplified bythe conquest of the Aztec Empire by Cortés
In the 1440’s, among the first profits the Portuguese derived from their maritime exploration and returning ships came from the sale ofAfrican slaves
John Cabot, a Venetian, sailed forEngland
The development of a Portuguese maritime empire encompassing Malacca and the Malay Peninsula was achieved, in part, throughruthless and murderous attacks on Arab settlers in the region
The first known circumnavigation of the earth is associated withFerdinand Magellan
The Treaty of Tordesillas dividedthe New World between Spain and Portugal
The major European disease that resulted in high rates of mortality among the natives of the New World wassmallpox
Encomienda werea Spanish system devised to collect tribute from natives and to use their labor
The Aztec empire, which Cortez conquered in 1519, was locatedin central Mexico
The conquistador who conquered and looted the Inca Empire in 1531 wasPizarro
The European nation that established a settlement at Africa’s Cape of Good Hope wasthe Dutch Republic
Native Americans were not widely used as slaves on sugar plantations becausetheir populations were too small due to European diseases
Between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries, the number of African slaves shipped to the New World is estimated atten million
The African slave tradeincreased the number of wars in Africa because of the increasing demand for prisoners who could be sold as slaves
The European nation that took over the spice trade from Portugal wasthe Dutch Republic
The map above shows a system of trade known as theTriangular Trade
The major western rival to the British in India in the seventeenth century wasFrance
The British East India Company official who fought off the French threat in India wasSir Robert Clive
The local British population in India’s Fort William was imprisoned in the“black hole of Calcutta”
The Chinese dynasty which replaced the Ming in the seventeenth century and which came from Manchuria was theQing
In Japan, Tokugawa Ieyasuexpelled all missionaries
The above illustration highlights the production of which valuable New World cropcane sugar
The first permanent English settlement in North America wasJamestown
A Mercator projectionshows the true shapes of landmasses in a limited area on a map
One of the major economic problems of the sixteenth century in Europe wasinflation
Which of the following statements best applies to the economy of sixteenth- and seventeenth century EuropeThe joint stock company enabled the raising of spectacular sums of capital for world trading ventures
Which of the following was given a monopoly of silver, copper, and mercury mines in the Habsburg possessions of central Europe that produced profits in excess of 50% per yearJacob Fugger
The inflation of the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuriescaused a decline in the standard of living for wage earners and those on fixed incomes
Which of the following was not a result of European expansion and explorationthe introduction of smallpox into Europe
By the end of the seventeenth centurylocal, regional, and intra-European trade was considerably greater than international trade
Before the nineteenth century, which nation(s) or continent was least affected by European power and influenceChina and Japan
An extensive multiracial society appeared first inLatin America
What was not part of the Columbian exchangePotatoes from Europe and olive trees from the New World
The most famous map projection in history isthat of Gerardus Mercator