Chapter 2: England’s Colonies

James I:confronted the church of England that was divided between Puritans and Anglicans
Charles I:disbanded Parliament from 1629 – 1640
The Glorious Revolution of 1688temporarily abolished the monarchy
For the English preparing to colonize America, one model of settlement was provided by their country’s prior experience in:Ireland
Early society in the 1600’shad a growing population of beggars and vagabonds
The stockholders who invested in the Virginia Company were motivated primarily by:financial profit
One outstanding characteristic of Jamestown in its initial years was:the high mortality rate among its settlers
One of the important factors aiding the survival of the early Jamestown settlers was:the assistance they received from the natives
As Jamestown’s leader, John Smith:made the colonists work in order to eat
During the ‘Starving time’ of 1609-1610, Jamestown settlers:ate horse, dog, rats, boots, and mice
The Jamestown colony finally attained a measure of prosperity from:tobacco
Pocahontas:was the favorite daughter of Powhatan
The man who became the head of the Virginia Company of London in 1618 and instituted a series of reforms to save the colony was:Sir Edwin Snadys
The head right system adopted for the Virginia colony consisted of:giving 50 acres of land to anyone who transported himself to the colony and 50 more for any servants he might bring
In 1624, a British court dissolved the struggling Virginia Company, and Virginia:became a royal colony
Sir William Berkeley:arrived as Virginia’s royal governor in 1642
Nathaniel Bacon did NOThave a close relationship with Governor Berkeley
By the early 1700s, English merchants in the Carolinas established a thriving trade with southern Indians for:deerskins
Bacon’s Rebellionbrought indentured servants and small farmers together against the colony’s right planters and political leaders
Maryland was established in 1634 as a refuge for:ex-convicts
Maryland sought to learn from the mistakes of Jamestown by:recruiting a more committed group of colonists
The early settlers of New England differed from those of the Chesapeake by being primarily:middle class
The English Puritans:opposed Catholic elements in the church of England
Pilgrims were NOTa sect of radical Catholics
The Mayflower Compactprovided the original government for the plymouth colony
Throughout New England, Congregational churches were:self-governing
When Massachusetts leader John Winthrop spoke of “a city upon a hill” he was referring to that colony’s desire to:serve as model Christian community
Anne Hutchinson was kicked out of Massachusetts for:challenging the authority of male ministers
After 1644, the right to vote in Massachusetts Bay was restricted to those who:were members of the Puritan church
Roger Williams founded Rhode Island after he:had been banished from Massachusetts for his religious beliefs
Roger Williams believed:that it was wrong to confiscate indian land
The English Civil War affected the American colonies by:permitting the colonies to essentially govern themselves
The colonies established after the restoration were all:proprietary colonies
A large number of South Carolina’s original settlers were British planters from:barbados
In the Southeast, the profitability of Indian captives prompted a frenzy ofsalving activities
The Dutch Administration of New Netherland did NOTencouraged the development of a democratic society
One of the important reasons why England took New Netherland from the Dutch was because of:it’s location at the mouth of the Hudson River
The first Jews in the coloniesarrived in New Netherland
English Quakers did NOTfollow charismatic preachers
The colony of Pennsylvania wasopen to all religious believers
Georgia did NOTsucceed in keeping out slavery
The first commercially important natural resource in the Indian-English dynamic wasfurs
Puritans sought to have Indians:move to ‘prayer towns’
For the Pequots, the result of the 1637 war that they fought wit their New England settlers was:slaughter and enslavement
A major cause of King Philip’s War was:Indian Resentment over forced conversions to Christianity
Metacomet:was the indian principal behind King Philip’s war
Iroquois League was NOTprimarily based along the Mississippi River
Slavery in America“Family slavery” was having slaves and masters living under the same roof
African slaves did NOThave a long history with Christianity in Africa
By the early 18th century, the English colonies in North America:were the most populous and prosperous in the continent