chp 9 social

According to Immanuel Wallerstein’s theory of global capitalism, which nations are at the “core” of the world economyhigh-income nations
One criticism of dependency theory is that ittreats global wealth as a zero-sum so that one country benefits only at the expense of another
Japan, Canada, and the nations of Western Europe are all classified ashigh-income countries
With regard to the role of rich nations, dependency theoryclaims rich nations are to blame for global poverty
The global region in which the greatest reduction in poverty has taken place isAsia
While modernization theory focuses on _____, dependency theory focuses on _____.production of wealth; distribution of wealth
In the world’s lowest-income nations, two in ten children born die by the age offive
A social theorist who contributed to the development of dependency theory by tracing the growth of the capitalist world economy isImmanuel Wallerstein
If you were applying modernization theory to the problem of global poverty, you might expect rich nations to aid the economic development of poor nations byincreasing industrial production
In poor nations, poverty is_____ than in the United Statesmore widespread and severe
In past centuries, European nations colonized countries inonly Africa
Dependency theory differs from modernization theory byexplaining global inequality in terms of the exploitation of poor countries by rich countries.
If you wanted to visit the world’s low-income nations, where would you travel?Africa and Asia
Which theoretical approach claims that rich nations of the world are “overdeveloped” while poor nations are “underdeveloped”?dependency theory
The people of the high-income countries, who represent 23 percent of the world’s population, enjoy about how much of the world’s income?64 percent
AndrĂ© Gunder Frank states that poor nationswere “underdeveloped,” or made poor, by rich nations
What is Wallerstein’s term for the middle-income countries of the world?semiperiphery
The concept of “colonialism” refers to the process by whichsome nations enrich themselves through political and economic control of others
A majority of the world’s people live inmiddle-income nations
Wallerstein pointed to several factors that cause dependency among low-income nations. Which of the following is a factor that Wallerstein did NOT claim to be a cause of dependency?lack of integration into the world economy
Absolute poverty islife threatening
According to Walt Rostow, nations begin at the _____ stage of development and may eventually reach the stage of_____traditional; high mass consumption
About how many people in the world die each year due to starvation9 million
High-income nationsmake use of factories, big machinery, and advanced technology.
The death of 52 garment workers in a Bangladeshi sweatshop shows thatthe lives of the world’s poor are far worse than many people in the United States realize.
In 2012, how many independent nations were there in the world?195
Over the course of the last century, the extent of global economic inequality hasincreased.
According to modernization theory, the greatest barrier to economic development istraditional culture
The poorest 20 percent of the global population receives about what percentage of all global income2 percent
Which world region contains the largest percentage of the world’s street children?Latin America
Of the almost 1 billion people in the world who are living at or close to absolute poverty, what percentage are women70 percent
What concept refers to a global economy in which multinational corporations exploit people in low-income nationsneocolonialism
The social theorist identified with modernization theory isMax Weber.
From a global perspective, economic productivity is lowest in precisely the regions wherepopulation increase is highest.
In poor countries, the disadvantages women face relative to men aregreater than in rich nations
The concept of “neocolonialism” refers to the process by whichmultinational corporations dominate the economy of a poor country.
______ is not a high-income nationSouth Africa
If you were to apply modernization theory to the problem of global poverty, you might point that low-income nationshave cultural resistance to innovation.
For the world as a whole, about how many people suffer from chronic hunger that leaves them less able to work and places them at high risk of disease?close to 1 billion
Which type of slavery refers to one person owning anotherchattel slavery