AP Human Geography Chapter 4 Folk and Popular Culture

The frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of a group of people is aCustom
A repetitive act preformed by an individual is aHabit
In contrast to folk culture, popular culture is typical ofLarge heterogeneous groups
Which of the following characteristics is more typical of a popular culture than a folk culture?Relocation diffusion
Folk cultures are spread primarily byRelocation diffusion
The use of a horse and buggy by the Amish in the United States is an example of aFolk culture
Popular customs are more likely than folk customs toRapidly diffuse through modern communication systems
Rapid diffusion of popular cultureDepends on modern communication systems
Typically, popular cultureDiffuses rapidly to many locations
In contrast to popular culture, folk culture are more like to varyFrom place to place at a given time
The main effect of modern communications on social customs has been toIncrease the similarity of social customs in different locations
Folk customs usually originate fromFamiliar events in daily life
Major hearths of U.S. country music include all but which of the following?Southwestern Texas
Folk songs are distinguished from popular songs because theyTell a story about daily activities
An example of a folk custom used to diffuse information about agriculture isVietnamese songs
Popular customs most frequently originate inMore developed countries
The spatial distribution of soccer during the twentieth century is an example ofPopular culture
The current distribution of soccer demonstrates thatA folk custom can become part of a popular custom
The distribution of the subjects of art in the Himalayas shows how folk culturesAre influenced by distinctive vegetation, climate, and religion
Which concept is the contemporary geographer likely to reject?The physical environment causes people to adopt social customs
The geographer Vidal de la Blache regarded food supply asThe best available example of a folk custom, most closely tied to a particular climate, and less subject to modification than the clothing and weapons, (all of the above)
A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom is aTaboo
A taboo agains pork is a characteristic ofJudaism and Islam
China produces a relatively large amount of pork compared to the countries of South Asia primarily becauseBuddhists don’t have a taboo against pork consomption
The Yuan and Shan peoples in northern Thailand sleep with their heads toward the eastTo avoid the direction of death and evil spirits
Which of the following is not an important factor in distinguishing different folk housing types in the United States?Size of the building
Pioneer farmers settling the grasslands of the American West often build houses of sod, while early settlers of the eastern build forest built wooden structures like log cabins. This suggests that building materialsAre strongly influenced by local resources
Which of the following is not an important source area for U.S. house types?Northeast
Today, house types in the United States are distinguished by all but which of the following?They can still be divided into three distinct regions
The most important house style in the United States since the 1960’s is knows asNeo-eclectic
The diffusion o jeans is a good example primarily of theDiffusion of popular culture
Americans’ preferences for vegetablesVary according to what is grown locally
In which state would alcohol consumption be relatively low?Utah
The distribution of alcohol consumption in the United States displays all but which of these typical characteristics of popular culture?Uniform distribution across the landscape
Which element of the local physical environment is important for wine production?Climate, soil, topography, (all of the above)
Which of the following is not a distinctive characteristic of the physical environment related to wine?Vineyards must be planted on flat land
Little wine produced in Asia primarily becauseThe people do not have a tradition of wine making
One significant impact of popular culture is toModify the physical environment
Geographers are concerned with the distribution of which of the following aspects of television service?Number of receivers per capita, method of government control, year of service was adopted, (all of the above)
The number of television sets per person is greatest inEurope
The choice of clothing in Western countries is strongly influenced byOccupation, level of income, knowledge of fashion elsewhere, (all of the above)
Features of the U.S. landscape, such as gas stations, supermarkets, and motels,Promote a uniform landscape
Many less developed countries fear the loss of folk culture becausereflect the preservation of folk culture
Clothing became a powerful symbol in Iran, in part becauseModerate leaders wore Western-style business suits
Western dominance of the news media is feared in less developed countries for all but which of these reasons?Western countries control most of the newspapers in less developed countries
People maintain their folk culture despite familiarity with popular culture primarily because ofStrong desire to preserve unique customs
Popular culture and folk culture can both result in a higher level ofExtinction of animal species, Demand for raw materials, consumption of animal products, (all of the above)
As they have more contact with popular culture, women in less developed countries are more likely toGain more opportunities outside the home
In the United States, the number of golf courses per person is highest inThe north central states, where there is a long tradition of playing golf
One impact of large-scale consumption of chicken in more developed countries is toMake inefficient use of the world’s grain supplies
The physical environment commonly plays an important role in the development of unique folk customs.True
The origin of popular music is a good example of how folk culture originates.False
A major factor in the diffusion of British football was the presence of British citizens in other countries.True
In general, folk culture is more likely to cause greater uniformity on the landscape than popular culture.False
Two social groups living in close proximity will retain unique social customs if there is limited interaction between them.True
House types in the eastern United States can be traced to three source areas: Michigan, Chesapeake Bay, and OhioFalse
Food taboos usually derive from uniques elements of the physical environment.False
The highest concentration of golf curses within the United States is the SunbeltFalse
Leaders of many developing countries fear that the spread of American popular culture will destroy traditional social behaviorTrue
Although folk cultures have the same process of origin as popular culture, they have a more limited process of diffusionFalse
Adoption of Western popular culture seldom results in the elimination of traditional folk culture.False
More precise geographic information is given on the label of a good bottle of wine on a poor bottleTrue
Different house types in relatively developed countries make different arrangements for a sacred space.True
The adoption of a popular custom depends primarily on the amount of disposable income.True
Hotels, fast-food restaurants, and other franchises encourage a uniform appearance on the landscape to promote customer recognition.False