APUSH 18

The 1920 census of the United States revealed thata majority of Americans lived in “urban” areas.
In the late nineteenth century, the population in urban a
reas of the United States
E.mostly came from Europe.
The largest number of immigrants to the United States in the late nineteenth century came fromsouthern and eastern Europe.
In the late nineteenth century, immigrants in the United StatesD. generally lacked the capital to buy farmland.
5.By 1890, the percentage of the populations of Chicago,
New York, and Detroit that were made up of immigrants
was roughly
E.80-85 percent.
6.In the late nineteenth century, most immigrants to the United StatesC. formed close-knit ethnic communities within the cities.
7.In the late nineteenth century, compared to other immigrant ethnic groups, JewsE. All these answers are correct.
Compared with the first generation, second generation immigrants were more likely toC.break from their traditional culture.
In the late nineteenth century, the assimilation of immigrants was encouraged byE.All these answers are correct.
The primary goal of the American Protective Association was toD.stop immigrants from entering the United States.
In 1894, the Immigration Restriction LeagueB. proposed screening immigrants to allow only the “desirable” ones to enter.
In 1882, the first group of immigrants to be excluded from the United States on the basis of their nationality wereA.Chinese.
One significant innovation of urban America in the late nineteenth century wasB.large public parks.
The principle force behind the creation of great public buildings in the late nineteenth century wasA.wealthy residents.
The “city beautiful” movement in the United States was inspired, in part, byB.the 1893 Columbian Exposition in Chicago.
In the late nineteenth century, suburbs on the edges of American cities were largely populated byC.the moderately well-to-do people.
In 1894, the population density of Manhattan in New York wasE.far greater than the most crowded European cities.
Tenement buildings in urban America wereC.initially praised as an improvement in housing for the poor.
In the 1890s,
Jacob Riis
D.reported on the living conditions of the urban poor to encourage improvements.
By 1900, the transportation systems of American cities includedE.All these answers are correct.
In 1884, the first “modern” skyscraper built in the United StatesC.was constructed with steel girders.
In the early twentieth century, efforts to improve environmental problems in American citiesC.included a new federal environmental regulatory agency.
In the late nineteenth century, efforts to reduce poverty in AmericaB.saw charitable organizations try to limit aid to those deemed “deserving poor.”
In the late nineteenth century, crime in large American urban centersE.All these answers are correct.
Theodore Dreiser’s 1900 novel, Sister Carrie, dealt withE.social dislocations and injustices of the present.
In the late nineteenth century, political “machines” in cities owed their existence toD.the rapid growth of urban America and the influx of millions of immigrants.
In the late nineteenth century, urban political bosses did all of the following EXCEPTE.reduce the costs of city services.
In the late nineteenth century, the Tammany Hall political machineA.saw its most famous boss, William M. Tweed, sent to prison.
In the last decades of the
nineteenth century, incomes in the United States
A.rose for almost all Americans.
During the late nineteenth century, all of the following innovations occurred in consumer goods EXCEPTB.the formation of credit card companies.
The national network of grocery stores that started in the 1850s wasA.the A&P.
In the 1890s, Florence Kelley and the National Consumers League sought toD.improve wages and working conditions of manufacturers and retailers.
At the end of the nineteenth century, most Americans viewed leisure timeE.as being desirable.
In the late nineteenth century, leisure activities tended to be divided byE.All these answers are correct.
The nineteenth-century game of “rounders” became the modern sport ofB.baseball.
In 1869, Princeton and Rutgers
played the first intercollegiate game in America of
C.football.
In the nineteenth century, vaudeville theaterA.consisted of a variety of stage acts
At the turn of the twentieth century, motion picturesB.were the first true mass entertainment medium.
Which of the following statements regarding Coney Island is FALSE?C.The park developed a reputation for wholesome, family attractions.
During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the growth of newspapersD.saw newspaper circulation increase much more rapidly than the general population.
Which American writer would be LEAST associated with the trend toward social realism in literature in the late
nineteenth century?
A.Mark Twain
The American artistic movement known as the “Ashcan School”C.included the painter Edward Hopper.
Charles Darwin’s theories of evolution met initial resistance fromE.All these answers are correct.
According to the philosophy of pragmatism, society should be guided byA.scientific inquiry.
Which American thinker is LEAST associated with study using scientific methods?A.Henry James
Which statement about education in the late nineteenth century is FALSE?E.Funding for public education was highest in rural areas.
In the late nineteenth century, American universitiesE.All these answers are correct.
During the late nineteenth century, college education for American womenB.had expanded significantly.