AP Human Geography Rubenstein Unit 4 Vocab

acculturationthe adoption of cultural traits by one group under the influence of another
adaptive strategiestechnology, ecology, demography, and economics that define human behaviour
anglo-american landscapean american whose language and ancestry are English
architectural formthe look of housing, affected by the available materials, the environment, and pop culture
assimilationto process through which people loose cultural traits when they come into contact with another society or culture
built environmentthe man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity ranging from personal shelter to neighbourhood to cities
cultural adaptionnew people adapt to the culture of the previously existing people e
cultural core/periphery patternthe cor/periphery idea that the core houses main economic power of region and the outlying region or periphery house lesser economic ties.
cultural ecologygeography approach that emphasises HEI relationships
cultural identityones belief in belonging to a group or certain cultural aspect
cultural landscapethe fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group
cultural realmthe entire region throughout which a culture prevails
culture regiona region defined by similar cultural traits and cultural traits and cultural landscape features
formal culture regionan area in which everyone shares one or more distinctive characteristics
functional culture regionan area organised around a node or focal point
vernacular culture regionan area people believe exists due to their cultural identity
culturethe body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group of people’s distinct tradition
customthe frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes a characteristic of that group of people
diffusionthe movement of ideas, notions, and innovations
expansion diffusionspread of ideas through a snowballing process
hierarchical diffusionthe spread of ideas from high levels of authority to lower ones
contagious diffusionrapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population
stimulus diffusionthe spread of an underlying principle even though a specific characteristic is rejected
relocation diffusionthe spread of a feature of trend through the movement of people
folk cultureculture practical by small homogeneous groups
folk foodtraditional food
folk housecommon houses
folk songstraditionally sung by the common people of a region and those of their culture
folkloreunwritten stories of a culture
habitrepetitive act performed by an individual
innovation adoptionstudy of how, why, and what rate new technology spreads throughout a culture
maladaptive diffusiondiffusion of an adaption that has turned harmful as time passes
material culturevisible objects that a group posses and leaves behind for the future
non-material culturethe belief, practices, and values of a group of people
popular cultureculture found in large heterogeneous societies
sequent occupancethe succeeding stages of human inhabitation over time on one site
survey systemsmethod used in the U.S. to identify land parcels
taboorestriction of a behaviour imposed by a social custom
terriorcontribution of a location’s physical features to how its food tastes
traditional architecturetraditional building styles of different cultures, religions, and places
British Received Pronunciation (BRP)the dialect of upper class British people
creolea language that results from the mixing of a colonist’s language with the preexisting language
benglishbritish and german mix
dialecta regional variety of language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
ebonicsdialect spoken by some african americcans
extinct languagea language no longer spoken
franglaisterm used for American words that have become a part of the French language
ideogramsthe system of writing often used in asian countries where each symbol represents an idea instead of a sound
indo-europeanthe family of languages spoken over the greater part of Europe, Asia, and Northern India
isoglossa boundary that separates regions in which different language usages are more prevalent
isolated languagea language not attached to any other language family
languagea system of communication though sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning
language brancha collection of language as related through a common ancestor
language familylanguage a part of the same language branch
language grouplanguages a part of the same language branch but very similar with a few different bits of grammar and vocabulary
language subfamilylanguages a part of the same language branch but with an ancestor from a long time ago
Lingua Francaa common language used by tradesmen
linguistic diversitysociety has multiple languages
literary traditiona language that is written as well as spoken
monolinguala person who can only speak one language fluently
multilinguala person who can speak more than one language fluently
official languagethe language adopted for use by the government for business and publication of documents
Pidgin Languancea shortened version of Lingua Franca
spanglishcombination of spanish and english
standard languagethe form of a language used for official government business., education, and mass communications
toponymythe study of place names
trade languagea common language spoken between traders who speak different languages
vulger latina form of latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans as opposed to the standard dialect which was used for official documents