Equity Theory

The equity theory was developed in the 60s. It analyzes motivation not from the perspective of the individual needs of a person, but on the basis of the processes of comparing oneself with others. Workers try to establish fair relations based on comparing themselves with others. They try to change unjust relations. Since the theme of justice is eternal, universal and can be analyzed in the context of several scientific disciplines, professors often ask students to state their vision of this issue in essays and research papers. We decided to help you and make up a brief guide on writing.

Topic Actuality: Our Economical and Political Realities

The relevance of the research topic is determined by the relevance of the problems raised in it. The problem of justice is one of the “eternal” issues of humankind. Periods of violent social transformations, shocks, and reforms, give this problem a special urgency and significance. This is true for all countries and their economies without exception. Whether we are talking about political reforms, economic transformations, human rights, the war in Muslim countries, the resumption of the death penalty or the fall of the standard of living, we invariably return to the topic of justice and equity. But for all its vital practical relevance, the theme of justice, with rare exceptions, seldom visits the pages of our philosophical books, political treatises or sounds on social and theoretical conferences. This state of affairs cannot be normal. Philosophy, ethics, economics, and politics cannot remain indifferent to the processes of formation and comprehension of the new norms and values of justice that are now taking place in every country in the world.

How to Start a Research Paper on This Topic

Keep in mind that within the framework of this theory, the object of the study is the representation of employees about how objectively the management estimates the contribution made by them in comparison with other employees. It has the sense to pay attention to the practical side of the issue. Write about the practical application of the Adams theory. It would be also very interesting if you have an opportunity to visit one real company and make your research “in the field”.

Introduction Example:

The modern theory of justice of the United States emerged as a reaction to the turbulent social transformations of the 60s of the last century, which required a new understanding of justice. This time was marked by such phenomena as the War in Vietnam, the segregation of the black population, the development and strengthening of the Mafia. These events lay at the root of the theoretical and practical discourse of justice in the United States. There is an urgent theoretical and practical need for a conceptual analysis of modern liberal theories of justice. Such an analysis could contribute both to the success of the very practical discourse of justice and to the improvement of the world’s ethical theory.

How to Write a Body of Research Paper on This Topic

We will provide an example on the topic we have already mentioned: when writing body paragraphs, try to use statistics, proven facts. Give real examples. Since we are talking about practical implementation, it will be very useful to reveal the practical side with the help of available scientific tools.

Body Paragraphs Example:

The main idea of the theory of justice for the practical motivation of the work activity of employees of organizations is that until people start to believe that they receive a fair reward, they will strive to reduce the intensity of labor. Perception and evaluation of equity by employees are relative, not absolute. People compare themselves with other employees of the same organization or with employees of other organizations performing similar work. Since the labor productivity of employees evaluating their remuneration as unfair (due to the fact that another person doing similar work gets more) will fall, one must objectively explain to them why there is such a difference.

To meet the needs and desires of employees, an open and honest dialogue is needed; managers need to know their subordinates, communicate with them, understand what matters to them. Not always the problem can be solved simply by raising the salary.

For example, it should be explained to the employee that his more highly paid colleague gets more because he has a lot of experience that allows him to make his work more productive. If the difference in remuneration is due to the efficiency of work, then employees receiving less reward should explain that when their effectiveness reaches the level of their colleagues, they will receive the same increased reward.

Here is one more simple example. The 45-year-old worker has very different priorities than his 20-year-old colleague. The first wants to ensure a calm and happy old age, while the second wants to satisfy his ambitions, take up a prestigious position and receive a high income.

The justice theory of Adams proves how important it is to work with employees individually. Even for two people who occupy the same position in the company and receive the same reward, the origins of motivation can be completely different. And starting from this, the company needs to develop your own system of motivation. The following tools to motivate staff will help create a sense of fairness of reward.

It can be:

– the flexible part of the salary, which depends on KPI (key performance indicators). The better the results for the indicators, the higher the income is.

– a system of bonuses (for loyalty to the company (experience), proposed ideas, polite communication with customers, especially fast work, new knowledge).

– social insurance, which includes pensions, support for young families;

– real prospects for career and professional growth.

It is especially important that people understand how to become a successful person. They should know for what and by what principle are bonuses accrued, what exactly needs to be done.

How to Conclude a Research Paper on This Topic

If you research has both theoretical and practical part, underline the outcomes of each of the chapters.

Conclusion Example:

Thus, the theory of justice postulates that the number of wages, as well as working conditions, can not sufficiently motivate employees to perform their duties. In this theory, there is a subjective evaluation of the ratio of the remuneration received by the specialist to the spent efforts. Each employee is trying to find a balance between what he puts into work and what he gets from it, provided that these characteristics are compared with “reference others.” Unjust, in their opinion, reward leads to the emergence of psychological stress. Therefore, according to the theory of Adams, it is necessary to create such a system of motivation that could effectively function. It should realize the individual interests of each employee of the organization.

As for the practical implementation of this theory, we will say that an open and transparent remuneration system works much better than attempts to hide the salaries of other employees and restrict communication in the team. Employees will not envy more successful colleagues if they see and understand how they managed to achieve promotion and/or reach a higher level of income – in this case, they will know that they can easily achieve the same results if they meet certain conditions. Those who have already achieved some successes will be doubly pleased by the fact that they are appreciated and respected. And this motivates them to make even more impressive achievements!