Chapter 16 multiple choice

By 1890, the majority of americans:worked for wages
the second industrial rev. was markered bythe acceleration of factory production and increaseed activity in the mining and railroad industries
The _________ made possible the second industrial revolution in America.railroads
in 1883, _____ divided the nation into four time zones still used today.the major railroad companies
Thomas Edison:invented, among other things, a system for generating and distributing electricity
in the 19th century, pools, trusts, and mergers were:ways that manufacturers sought to control the marketplace
one significant eco. impact of the second industrial rev was:frequent and prolonged economic depressions
How did standard oil depicted in the magazine Puck, illustrating the company as a dangerous monopoly?an octopus
for workers, what did the second industrial revolution not mean to thema decrease in child labor
the american working class:lived in desperate conditions
In How the Other Half Lives, Jacob Riis:focused on the wretched conditions of NYC slums
the impact of the second industrial rev on the trans-Mississippi West was:dramatic as an agricultural empire grew
Bonanza farms:typically had 3,000 acres of land or more
What became a symbol of a life of freedom on the open range?cowboys
the economic developement of the American West was based on:lumber, mining industries, tourism, and farming
what did hunters shoot while riding the railroads across the West?buffalo
Chief Joseph:wanted freedom for his people, the Nez Perce
ira steward argued that the most pressing issue facing the nation was:the growing gap between the rich and the poor
the Indian victory at little big horn:only temporarily delayed the advance of white settlement
What was the aim of Carlisle, a boarding school for Indians?to civilize the Indians
The Dawes Act of 1887:Sought to break up the tribal system
Elk vs. Wilkins:agreed with lowering court rulings that the 14th and 15th amendments did not apply to indians
the ghost dance:was a religious revitalization campaign among Indians, feared by whites
which event marked the end of the indian wars?battle of wounded knee
William M. Tweed was a:political boss who, although corrupt, provided important services to NYers
Credit Mobiler and the Whiskey ring:were indicative of the corruption in the Grant administration
elections during the gilded age:were closely contested affairs
the republican economic policies strongly favored:midwest farmers
the civil service act of 1883:created a merit system for government workers
the interstate commerce commission was established to:standardize the transport of animal feed between states
the grange was an organization that:established cooperatives for storing and marketing farm output
Social Darwinism is not:the theory evolved from the british scientist Charles Darwin
what did william g sumner believe social classes owed each other?nothing at all
the supreme court in lochner vs. NYvoided a state law establishing that bakers could work a maximum of sixty hours per week
the great railroad strikewas evidence of working solidarity and the close ties between industry and the Republican party
the knights of labor:was an inclusive organization that advocated for a vast array of reforms
Henry george rejected the traditional equation of liberty with:ownership of land