Anthro 2200 Lab Questions 4-8 Exam 2

In what regions of the world were the sivapithecines located?Asia
Which one of the following groups was found in Europe?Dryopithecus
Which of the following traits would you NOT expect to find in the proconsulids?Dental formula of 2-1-3-3
Where were Aegyptopithecus found?Africa
What is a “dental ape?A fossil species with a post-crania that is monkey-like and teeth that are ape-like
Which fossilized primate group is likely ancestral to all extant catarrhines but not primitive enough to also be ancestral to platyrrhines?propliopithecids
Which fossilized primate group is likely ancestral to modern-day lemurs?adapids
What anatomical feature is NOT present in omomyids and modern-day tarsiers?What anatomical feature is NOT present in omomyids and modern-day tarsiers?
Apidium is a likely ancestor to modern platyrrhines because it has:complete post-orbital closure, narrow and short snout, and a dental formula of 2-1-3-3
Which group represents an Eocene euprimate?omomyids
All Primates belong to which biological class?Mammalia
T/F: Homologies are features that have developed based on convergent evolution.True
Which of the following is lacking in strepsirhines but present in haplorhines?postorbital plate
Compared to other mammals, primates are characterized by all of the following EXCEPT:short development periods and little investment in offspring
What is the ancestral primate dental formula?3-1-4-3
Which of the following is not a Hominoid?spider monkey
Which of the following is not considered a distinguishing feature of mammals?homodont dentition
T/F: Platyrrhines typically possess three premolars in each quadrant of this mouth, while catarrhines have two premolars in each quadrant of their mouth.True
What type of molar pattern do the cercopithecoids express?bilophodont
Some platyrrhines possess which trait that is lacking other primates?Prehensile tail
If a primate possesses low, rounded molars, on which type of food do they likely primarily subsist?fruit
if a primate possesses molars with high shearing crests, they probably expels which type of feeding pattern?folivary
Brachiation is generally associated with which taxonomic group?apes
The stout procumbent incisors of callitrichids are adaptive for subsisting on what type of food?tree gum
What skeletal elements provide the best way to examine the locomotor patterns of primate?radius, humerus, femur, tibia
Most terrestrial quadrupeds walk on the palms of their hands, but some species engage in a different form known as:knuckle-walking
Which taxonomic group is highly adapted for vertical clinging and leaping?strepsirhines
Sacculated stomachs are commonly expressed among:folivores
Members of which taxonomic group use their prehensile tails during locomotion?platyrrhines
What is the rarest form of primate locomotion that is only habitually used by one living primate species?bipedalism
Which of the following is not a function of the skeleton?creation of calcium
What type of information can we NOT learn from comparing a fossilized skeleton with modern species?temporality
T/F: Humans have three premolars.False
Which plane divides the body horizontally?the transverse plane
What type of vertebrae are located most superiorly?cervical
T/F: The coronal plane divides the body into right and left halves.false
T/F: In general, the articulations of the axial skeleton are more mobile than those of the appendicular skeleton.false
Using anatomical terminology, the carpals (or wrist bones) are __________ to the bones of the shoulder girdle.distal
Which of the following does not articulate with the sternum?thoracic vertebrae
Which bone is not part of the pelvis?femur