Chapter 29 (The Vietnam War Era) Review

1. President Johnson entered the Vietnam War because hebelieved in the domino theory
2. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution allowed President Johnson toUse everything to defend against armed attacks on U. S. forces
3. President Truman agreed to aid France’s efforts to regain control over Vietnam because heFeared the spread of communism in Southeast Asia
4. President Eisenhower’s domino theory was based on the idea ofContainment
5. The Geneva Accords provided forThe division of Vietnam into two countries
6. President Johnson ordered Operation Rolling Thunder, whichBegan a sustained bombing campaign
7. American soldiers used Agent Orange toDisrupt the enemy’s food supply and remove jungles
8. Ho Chi Minh compared his military to a(n)Tiger
9. Which of the following best describes the Vietcong’s war strategy?Fight small skirmishes
10. What happened at Dien Bien Phu in 1954?The Vietminh attacked French troops who then surrendered
11. During the Vietnam War, African American soldiers wereMore likely than others to serve in combat positions
12. To eliminate unfair deferment abuses, the Selective Service system’s draftAdopted a lottery
13. The Tet Offensive damaged American morale because itShowed that communists had not lost the will to fight
14. In March 1968, what surprising announcement did President Johnson make to the American people?He would not run for another term as President
15. Who won the 1968 presidential election?iRichard Nixon
16. What event caused military leaders to be concerned that quick end to the war was not possible?The U. S. military suffered a major blow in the Tet Offensive
17. President Nixon ordered the secret bombing of the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Cambodia toLower the flow of communist soldier/supplies into the south
18. What occurred at My Lai?American soldiers killed hundreds of Vietnamese civilians
19. What did the Pentagon Papers reveal?American leaders misled Congress and the American people
20. Ultimately, the end of the Vietnam War resulted inCommunist control of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam
21. President Nixon believed that normalizing relations with China wouldDrive a wedge between China and the Soviet Union
22. Why was the Tet Offensive considered a turning point in the Vietnam War?North Vietnamese demonstrated that they could still fight
23. China demonstrated its willingness to open talks with the United States byInviting a US ping-pong team to play against its athletes
24. President Nixon’s Vietnamization policy emphasized that the United States mustEmpower South Vietnamese forces to assume more combat duties
25. How did the Soviet Union respond to the normalization between China and the United States?Brezhnev invited Nixon to visit Moscow
26. Which of the following would probably be considered a hawk?Richard Nixon
27. The American public began to distrust the Johnson administration because of theCredibility gap
28. SALT IReduced tensions between the US and the Soviet Union
29. Which country did President Nixon visit to improve trade relations?China
30. The Great Society was to President Johnson as _____ was to President Nixon.Foreign policy
31. President Nixon’s leading adviser on national security and international affairsHarry Kissinger
32. guerrilla fighters who launched an insurgency in VietnamVietcong
33. a coordinated assault by communist forces on more than 40 cities in VietnamTet Offensive
34. rebel leader who demanded independence for VietnamHo Chi Minh
35. an antiwar candidate for President in 1968Eugene McCarthy
36. Chinese premier who normalized relations with President NixonZhou Enlai
37. a classified government history of American involvement in VietnamPentagon Papers
38. a Vietnamese village attacked by American troopsMy Lai
39. a jellied gasoline that explodes when dropped in large canistersNapalm
40. the idea that if Vietnam fell to communism, its neighbors would followDomino theory