APUSH chapter 10

second party system1830’s fell fledged 2 party system emerged. WHIGS= anti-jackson DEMOCRATS=jackson’s followers and former Democratic Republicans.
democratic partyOne of the two major U.S political party;founded in 1828 by Andrew Jackson to support a decentralized government and state’s rights
whig partyPolitical party formed in 1834 to oppose policies of Andrew Jackson
henry clayUnited States politician responsible for the Missouri Compromise between free and slave states (1777-1852)
the american systemHenry Clay invented this idea. It had three main parts, a strong banking system, a tariff, and a network of roads and canals.
john quincy adams6th president; in favor of funding national research and he appointed Henry Clay as his Secretary of State. During his presidency the National Republicans were formed in support of him.
andrew jackson7th President; successfully defended New Orleans from the British in 1815; expanded the power of the presidency
election of 1824John Quincy Adams won after Henry Clay gave his support to Adams, securing his Presidency. When Adams appointed Clay as his secretary of state, Jackson’s supporters raged that a corrupt bargain had cheated Jackson of presidency.
congressional caucusAn association or members of Congress based on party, interest, or social group such as gender or race.
corrupt bargainthe alleged deal between John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay in the Election of 1824 that stole the election from Andrew Jackson
martin van buren8th President. 1837-1841. Democratic
albany regencyThe tightly disciplined state political machine built by Martin Van Buren in New York
election 1828Jackson defeats John Quincy Adams in this election, becoming our 7th President
spoils systemthe system of employing and promoting civil servants who are friends and supporters of the group in power
maysville road billJackson vetoes the feneral funding of this KY road because it only benefited this one state. Jackson said it had to benefit more than one state to be federally funded.
indian removal act 1830Passed by Congress under the Jackson administration, this act removed all Indians east of the Mississippi to an “Indian Territory” where they would be “permanently” housed.
tariff of abominations, 1828Tariff passed to help Northern businesses but was hated by southerners such as Calhoun. Led to the Nullification Crisis
nullification crisisSoutherners favored freedom of trade and believed in the authority of states over the federal government. Southerners declared federal protective tariffs null and void.
john c. calhounSouth Carolina Senator – advocate for state’s rights, limited government, and nullification
south carolina exposition and protestwritten by Calhoun, regarding tariff nullification
peggy eaton affairSex scandal involving members of Jackson’s cabinet Forced several members of Jackson’s cabinet to resign, allowing Van Buren to be elevated as Jackson’s successor
jefferson day dinner, 1830President Andrew Jackson stated that he would be against nullfication, while John Calhoun stated that he would be with nullfication.
tariff of 1833a compromise bill that would gradually reduce the Tariff of 1832 by about 10% over a period of 8 years
the force billAuthorized Jackson to use the army and navy, if necessary, to collect tariff duties.
the great compromiserHenry Clay was nicknamed this because of the Missouri Compromise
the election of 1832declared the existing tariff null and void in South Carolina
nicholas biddlePresident of the Second Bank of the United States; he struggled to keep the bank functioning when President Jackson tried to destroy it.
the bank warJackson was determined to destroy the Bank of the United States because he thought it was too powerful. He felt the Bank was unconstitutional and only benefited the rich.
pet banksState banks where Andrew Jackson placed deposits removed from the federal National Bank.
locofocosa member of a radical group of New York Democrats organized in 1835 in opposition to the regular party organization
election of 1836Martin Van Buren won, Jackson supported him, unpopular president— blamed for the Panic of 1837, not Andrew Jackson
specie circularIssued by Jackson – attempt to stop states from speculating land with money they printed that was not backed by anything – required land speculation in speci; Provided that in payment for public lands, the government would accept only gold or silver
panic of 1837Economic downturn caused by loose lending practices of stat banks’ and overspeculation. Martin Van Buren spent most of his time in office attempting to stablize and lessen the economic situation
independent treasury billgovernment would hold its revenues rather than deposit them in banks, thus keeping the funds away from private corporations; “America’s Second Declaration of Independence”
election of 1840This election was characterized by the mudslinging or the attack or insult on each others reputation. William Henry Harrison wins election.
log cabin and hard cider campaignsymbolized William Henry Harrison’s humble beginnings by putting log cabins on wheels and parading them through the streets, passed out cider for voters to drink
tippencanoe and tyler tooelection 1840 Henry clay and john tyler campaign name vs Van Buren. henry clay was war hero who defeated famous indian chief