Nursing Philosophy

Nursing philosophy, as the name indicates, dictates the thoughts, ideology, or approach of an individual or an institution regarding the fundamental essentials of the profession and nature of nursing, that are the backbone and essence of the activities of nursing. Nursing philosophy can be defined as “a creative and rigorous structuring of ideas that project a tentative, purposeful, and systematic view of phenomena” (Chinn and Kramer, 1999, p. 258).

Nursing philosophy endorses the basic ethical values and theoretical beliefs. Nursing values and beliefs are consistent with the vision and mission of the institution rendering nursing services and the staff in it. Nursing philosophy rests on a range of principles that include but are not limited to:

  • Every individual is unique and every individual deserves to be dealt with care, respect, compassion, mercy, dignity, and professionalism.
  • People are inherently different by nature. The differences should be revered and appreciated. The providers of nursing care need to be equipped with a broad range of linguistic and technical skills so that they are best capable of taking care of an individual with unique needs.
  • The environment of nursing is not limited to the external factors, but also involves internal feelings and thoughts that people experience as a result of external stimuli. The services and equipment of the healthcare environment should be carefully chosen and placed in a systematic way to ensure the provision of well-being for all individuals that make part of the healthcare environment.
  • Health is not limited to physical fitness, but also extends beyond that to the perception of well-being and internal feelings of the people.

The vision for nursing care held by an institution reflects in its nursing strategic plan that comprises standards and components of practice. These standards and components embody the way nursing activities of the institution contribute to the institution’s vision and mission (URMC, 2018). It is important to note that nursing activities need to be customized to the individualistic needs of the patients. Even one individual needs modification in the standards and ways of health care over the course of time in response to the changing and evolving needs and conditions. This is attributed to the fact that the interaction between an individual and the environment is dynamic and is subject to change over the passage of time (Bryan College of Health Sciences, 2018). Even the personal professional nursing philosophy is dynamic as a nurse thinks differently about the profession and everything it encompasses after serving as a nurse for years then how he/she thought about it while starting the practice (McCutcheon and Stalter, 2017).

To conclude, nursing philosophy in theory itself as well as the rapidly advancing medical technology imparts a need for the nurses to take professional courses related to skill development to be in the position to best serve the patients making use of the latest technology. Nevertheless, the fundamental basis of nursing philosophy has always been and will continue to be, to take such measures that help ensure the well-being and happiness of the individual and the society at large.


  • Bryan College of Health Sciences. (2018). School of Nursing Philosophy. Retrieved from
  • Chinn, P. L., and Kramer, M. K. (1999). Theory and Nursing: Integrated Knowledge Development. The University of Michigan: Mosby.
  • McCutcheon, K. A., and Stalter, A. M. (2017). Discovering my nursing philosophy. Nursing2018, 47(5), 68-69.
  • URMC. (2018). Nursing Philosophy at Highland Hospital. University of Rochester Medical  Center. Retrieved from