Chapter 12 Europe: Cultural Geography

Define: Ethnic Groupgroups of people with a shared ancestry, language, customs, and often religion.
List: 4 factors that created Europe’s diversity.migration, cultural division, conflict, and changing borders
Define: refugeepeople who flee to a foreign country for safety.
Describe the similarities among Europeans.Europeans value the importance of the past, the cultural achievements of their ancestors and take pride in their families.
True or False: The most populous nations in Europe are France and Italy.False: The most populous nations in Europe are Germany and Vatican City.
Why did Europeans and guest workers clash?Europeans and guest workers often competed for jobs, housing, and social services.
Define: feudalisma system at which monarchs gave nobles land in exchange for loyalty
Define: Welfare statea country that offers extensive human services to its citizens
Which features do the regions of Europe share in order to support large populations?Favorable climate, fertile soil, mineral resources, and inland waterways (access to clean water)
Describe the industrial revolution.The Industrial Revolution was a time of power driven machinery and new methods of production in the 1700s;
Sparked by the Enlightenment (time of questioning tradition, authority and beliefs);
New and reasonable ways to boost the industries of Europe and the rest of the world.
Brought an increased volume and variety of manufactured goods;
Improved standard of living for some,
Grim employment and living conditions for the poor and working classes;
Brought about Industrial Capitalism, profits for middle and upper class.
When did urbanization in Europe begin?1700s
Northern Europe includes the relatively ethnically diverse and densely populated ___________.United Kingdom
Large numbers of _________________________ settled in Great Britain at the end of World War II.Refugees
A system in which monarchs or lords gave land to nobles in return for pledges of loyalty was known asFeudalism
Industrial and social changes in Europe in the 1800s led to _____________, an economic system in which owners used profits to expand their companies.Communism
Who invaded Britain in the Middle Ages after the Romans left?Germanic Angles, Saxons, and Jutes
Foreigners who work on a temporary basis in a country other than the ones in which they are citizens are calledGuest workers
Which two countries are most densely populated in Western Europe?Netherlands
& Belgium
After World War II, which country was divided between communism and non-communist governments?Germany
Which artistic painting style developed in the 1800s that captures immediate experiences of the natural world?impressionism
What group of people held control of Spain for over 700 years?The Moors
The division of a region into smaller regions that are often hostile with each other is calledBalkanization
Which empire fell in 1453 and came under control of the Ottoman Empire?Byzantine Empire
Which two countries grew wealthy because of the trade routes and colonies they established?Spain and Portugal