Chapter 18 Quiz History

“Nativism” included religious prejudice against all the following exceptPresbyterians
“You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns,” saidWilliam Jennings Bryan
After 1890, most immigrants came from southern and eastern Europe.true
After 1890, the “new immigrants” included all the following exceptScots Irish
After the Civil War, more people moved to the frontier than to citiesFalse
All of the following are correct about the Sherman Anti-Trust Act except that itset up the interstate Commerce Commission
By 1900, nearly 30 percent of city dwellers were immigrants.true
By 1900, the United States had more saloons than grocery stores.true
Charles Darwin did not agree with Herbert Spencer’s adaptation of his ideas to the human realm.true
Civil service reform was a result of the assassination of President James A. Garfield.true
For recreation, the urban working class preferredgoing to saloons and dance halls
Herbert Spencer’s disciple who popularized social Darwinism in America wasWilliam Graham Sumner
In 1882, Congress passed legislation to exclude immigrants fromChina
In 1890, 80 percent of New Yorkers were foreign born.True
In the 1880s, the source of foreign immigration to the United States shifted fromnorthwestern Europe to southeastern Europe
Leslie F. Ward stressed humankind’s basic compassiontrue
Nativism was the belief that immigrants could, and should, be Americanized quickly.False
Realism in literature and art was influenced by-the recent horrors of the Civil War
-the rise of urban life
-a new fascination with science
Social Darwinism had its roots in the work ofherbert spencer
The Democratic party appealed to southern white voters.true
The Pendleton Act allowed for the coinage of more silver.false
The Populist party fused with the Republicans in the election of 1896 in an attempt to gain free and unlimited coinage of silver.false
The Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890worried eastern business and financial groups.
The Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890 outlawed corporate actions in “restraint of trade.”false
The basic problem of farmers in the late nineteenth century wasoverproduction of agricultural products and the subsequent decline in commodity prices.
The first regulatory agency, the Interstate Commerce Commission, was created in 1887.true
The high tariff hurt farmers by limiting their export markets.true
The implications of social Darwinism includeda belief in the progress of human societies
The only major national issue that clearly and consistently divided Democrats from Republicans wastariff policy
The phrase “survival of the fittest” was coined byherbert spencer