Art Chapter 20

Masks and masking played important roles in some Indian cultures. The Kwakiutl mask called Crooked Beakis one of four monstrous beings who eat human flesh
One similarity between the feather cloaks of Hawaii and the meetinghouses of the Maori people of New Zealand is thatboth embody ideas about the order of society and the protective powers of the gods
In the tumbaga pendant depicting a ruler, birds unfold like wings on either side of his head, representingsprint alter egos that give access to the other world
The Aborigines of Australiaarrived by sea as early as 50,000 years ago from Southeast Asia
One Mesoamerican culture is often called the “mother culture” because it seemed to have institutionalized the features that mark later civilizations in the region. To which culture does this term refer?the Olmec
The Tairona ornament made of tumbaga was fashioned using the technique oflost-wax casting
In the Tolai spirit society known as duk duk, the duk duk aremale spirits who punish lawbreakers
Although no one know for certain how long people have lived in the Americans, the earliest-known evidence points to human habitations from about12,000 years ago
The monumental sculptures of Easter Islandwere carved from volcanic stone in the island’s mountains
Many Mimbres ceramics recovered from graves have been shattered or pierced. This may representthe breaking of the vessel of the human body in death
The ability to decipher Mayan writing has shifted our understanding of Mayan art. Whereas scholars previously believed Mayan art’s purpose was to ______, they now believed it to have been_____present stories of the gods; almost entirely concerned with history
The Yucatan Peninsula was home to the civilizations of the Maya. All but which of the following have been acknowledged as accomplishments of the Mayan culture?oil painting
The use of gold in the Americas wasfirst developed in Peru
A kiva is a large, underground ceremonial chamber of the _____ peopleAnasazi
The term “pre-Colimbian” is currently questioned as a description of the cultures in the Americas before the arrival of Columbus becausethe cultures did not think of themselves as coming “before” anything
One god in the Aztec pantheon was Quetzalcoatl, who played an important role in the survival of this culture bybringing rain and water through windstorms
Several cultures are known collectively as the “mound builders” The most famous of the mounds still visible isThe Serpent Mound
The Moche of South America left a substantial record of art that includestens of thousands of ceramic objects, often depicting kneeling warriors
_____was considered a sacred substance by many North American peoples and the vehicle for delivery became a sculptural art formTobacco
Like the ziggurats of Mesopotamia, _____pyramids were symbolically understood as mountainsMesoamerican
A culture whose speech was rich in metaphors was theAztec