Ap Human Geography Chapter 4 Vocab

acculturationone cultural group changes because it adopts traits from dominant society
assimilationtwo prat behavioral and structural process where a little population reduces and loses it’s culture to dominate society
built environmentpart of the physical landscape that represents material culture; the landscape created by humans (roads, buildings, etc)
cultural divergencecultures becoming unsimilar
cultural ecologyThe multiple interactions and relationships between a culture and the natural environment.
cultural landscapea landscape that has been changed by human beings and that reflects their culture
cultureall the knowledge and values shared by a society
folk housecommon house found in America
characteristicsa quality trait about a region or area
habitsa repetitive act that an individual does
customa habit in a particular group
culture hearthwhere social customs originate from
popular cultureCulture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.
folk cultureCulture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
Anglo American Landscapean American, especially an inhabitant of the United States, whose language and ancestry are English
Artifactsobjects made and used by early humans
survey systemsstep of the system analysis to further define the nature and scope of the project and identify the strengths and weaknesses of the company operating procedures and the current computer system
folk foodtraditional food
culture regionan area in which people have many shared culture traits.
formal region(uniform or homogeneous region) an area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
functional regioncreated by the interactions between central nodes and surrounding locations (t.v signals, distance decay)
syncretismfusion of two distinctive cultural traits into a unique new hybrid
culture realmcluster of regions in which related culture system prevails
mentifactsThe central, enduring elements of a culture expressing its values and beliefs, including language, religion, folklore, etc. (what people think) (mental facts)
sociofactssocial behaviors of a culture, The institutions and links between individuals and groups that unite a culture, including family structure and political, educational and religious institutions.
cultural identitybelief in belonging to a group or central cultural aspect
maladaptive diffusiondiffusion with negative side effects or what works well in one culture doesn’t work in another
cultural core (periphery pattern)The core-periphery idea that the core houses main economic power of region & the outlying region or periphery houses lesser economic ties
vernacular regionperception; people believe place exsist because of their culture
transculturationthe process that occurs when two cultures of just about equal power or influence meet and exchange ideas or traits without the domination seen in acculturation and assimilation
sequent occupancewhen an area has been inhabited and transformed by a succession of culture groups which leave their imprint, contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape
relocation diffusionwhen people move, they bring their traditions, beliefs, and culture with them.
innovationan idea that changes culture
expansion diffusionspread of an idea that spreads to an area and continue to grow (snow balling effect)
cultural adaptationnew people adapt to culture of previously existing culture
adaptive strategiesstrategies that make people adapt to prevailing culture
folk songstraditionally sung by the common people of a region and forms part of their culture
Folkloreunwritten lore (stories, proverbs, riddles, songs) of a culture
material cultureobject of natural or cultural significance
architectural formThe look of housing, effected by the available materials,the environment the house is in, and the popular culture of the time.
traditional architecturetraditional building styles of different cultures, religions, and places
time-distance decaythe farther away a culture trait is from it’s source, the easier it is to be unknown or forgotten
interrupting barriersdelay or deflect the path of diffusion (oceans, mountains)
civilizationa society in an advanced state of social development