Chapter 5 – Jainism and Sikhism

Jainism places great emphasis onahimsa.
The name Mahavira literally meanshero or great man.
Jainism seems to be most strongly concerned aboutbreaking the power of bondage to the physical world.
Jains believe that perfected soulsdisappear from the world and live at the top of the universe
Jainism, as taught by Mahavira, emerged in India about the time of what other great teacher?Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha
Jain monasticism has split into how many branches?4
The name of the Digambara branch literally meanssky-clothed.
Jainism was a strong influence onGandhi.
Regarding the ability of human beings to find the truth, Jainism
A.holds that truth can be discovered by a patient seeker.
B.emphasizes that both study and meditation are together necessary to find truth.
C.teaches that truth is relative to each person’s viewpoint.
Sallekhana meansholy death
Most Jains practice the devotional activity calledpuja
The Jain worldview holds that a Creatordoes not exist.
Like Buddhists, Jains valuenonattachement and nonharm.
The religion of Sikhism first developed inthe Punjab region of India and Pakistan.
The center of the Sikh religion is atAmritsar.
The turning point in Nanak’s life was aprophetic call near a river.
A Sikh temple is called agurdwara.
Which religions accept the eating of animals?Sikhism and Islam
Nanak, after leaving home to teach, woreclothing that blended Muslim and Hindu styles.
The Khalsa was created to bea protective social organization.
One of the requirements of the Khalsa wasno alcohol
The name Adi Granth meansoriginal collection.
Hylozoism, the metaphysical philosophy of Jainism,sees life in everything, even what is inanimate.
The Adi Granth is themost important Sikh scripture.
Some Sikhs want aSikh nation, separate from India.
How many Sikh gurus were there before the human line of gurus ended?10
Nanak’s name for God wasTrue Name.
Nanak, like the Hindus, believed inreincarnation and karma.
The founder of Sikhism wasNanak.
The worldview of Sikhism is similar to the Hindu philosophical school calledSankhya.
A sangat isa religious group.
What item worn by the Sikh Khalsa symbolizes strength?steel bracelet.
Jains allow and even recommendgentle suicide after a long life of virtue
Uncut hair by the Khalsa and the last name Singh represent the symbolic characteristics of what animal?lion
What item worn by the Sikh Khalsa represents alertness and readiness to fight?special underwear.
How many parts is the Adi Granth divided into?3
According to Sikh teaching, the primary guru is
A.become one with God.
B.have one’s spirit overcome physicality.
C.practice nonviolence.
According to Sikh teaching, the primary guru isGod.
Guru Granth isan honorary title for the sacred book of Sikhism
The Jains consider Mahavira to bethe twenty-fourth “crossing-maker.”
Jain monks differ from Buddhist monks inallowing nakedness.
In the story of their lives, Mahavira and the Buddha show similarities, such astheir both practicing extreme asceticism.
Jainism sees reality as made up oflife (jiva) and nonlife (ajiva)
Tirthankara is the Jain name that is translatedcrossing-maker.
Japji means “Conqueror”; the Jain term for a perfected person who will not be reborn.false
Khalsa is the community of initiated Sikhs.true
A Digambara is a Sikh temple.false
Puja means “disciple”; a follower of the Sikh religion.false
The Adi Granth is the “original collection”; the primary scripture of the Sikhs.true
Adi Granth means “Holy Death”; death by self-starvation, valued in Jainism as a noble end of a long life of virtue and detachment.false