Chapter 12 Supreme Court

What is the main function of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court?The chief justice presides over the Court’s public sessions and private conference.
Prior cases whose principles are used by judges to decide current cases are called:precedents
Aside from the justices themselves, who or what has the greatest power in shaping the flow of cases to the Supreme Court?the solicitor general
Activist judges believe that the courts should:go beyond the words of a constitution or statute to consider the broader societal implications of its decisions
The size of the U.S. Supreme Court is set by:Congress
Under normal rules of oral argument, each lawyer has ______ to present his or her case before the Supreme Court.thirty minutes
The assignment of the opinion in a Supreme Court case is:important because differences in wording and emphasis can have important implications for how the decision is interpreted in future litigation
If a private individual brought a suit against a corporation for breaking a contract, what kind of law would this involve?civil
When a case is resolved through a negotiated agreement before a full trial is completed, it is called:a plea bargain
The number of cases filed in the Supreme Court has:increased dramatically since 1940
The doctrine of ______ requires courts to follow authoritative prior decisions when ruling on a case.stare decisis
The right of due process is best described as the right of:every person not to be treated arbitrarily by a government official or agency
When justices agree with the ruling of a court majority but not all of its reasoning, they may often write a(n):concurring opinion
A “certiorari pool” describes the:practice by which Supreme Court law clerks work together to evaluate each petition
Senatorial courtesy describes the practice of:senators from a president’s party approving of a judicial nominee from their home state
The party that brings a complaint in court is called the ______, and the one against whom the complaint is brought is called the ______.plaintiff; defendant
Most cases reach the Supreme Court through the:writ of certiorari
In 2009, President Obama’s first appointment to the U.S. Supreme Court was:Sonia Sotomayor
Which of the following kinds of cases are not likely to be accepted by the Supreme Court?cases that address state laws but that do not raise constitutional issues
In which type of case does the Supreme Court have original jurisdiction?any case involving an ambassador
Why did many Republicans oppose President Obama’s nomination of Sonia Sotomayor to the Supreme Court?She supported affirmative action
Why is the Supreme Court case of Marbury v. Madison important?In this case, the Court authorized itself to exercise judicial review over laws passed by Congress.
Why has partisan conflict surrounded federal judicial appointments in recent years?The federal courts play an important role in shaping American law and politics.
______ is an example of a justice who advocated judicial restraint.Felix Frankfurter
What was known as the “court packing” plan?the attempt by Franklin Roosevelt to add sympathetic justices to the Supreme Court in order to get New Deal laws upheld as constitutional
Which of the following statements best describes the Supreme Court?The Court has broad latitude to decide which cases it will hear and generally listens only those cases it deems to raise the most important issues.
In recent years, federal court appointments have:been characterized by intense partisan and ideological efforts to support or defeat the candidate