Chapter 20 US History Study Guide

The Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty did what between whom?limit amount of nuclear weapons each country was making
Which country did President Nixon visit to improve trade relations?China
Operation Rolling Thunder was a(n)bombing campaign against N Vietnam
Why was the Tet Offensive considered a turning point in the war?Communist Forces scored major political victory
President Nixon’s Vietnamization policy emphasized that the United States mustget S Vietnam to assume more combat responsibilites
The American public began to distrust the Johnson administration because of the what?Credibility Gap
What was a hawk, and who were the most famous ones?Hawks wanted war with Vietnam, LBJ most famous
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution allowed President Johnson to do what?declare war
President Johnson entered the Vietnam War because he…believed in Domino Theory
What did SALT I do?limited the number of missiles, reduced tensions between US and SU
How did the Soviet Union respond to the normalization of relations between China and the United States?Brehenv invited Nixon to visit Moscow
China demonstrated its willingness to open talks with the United States by…ping pong
President Nixon believed that normalizing relations with China would do what?drive wedge between china and SU
President Nixon considered his approach to foreign policy to be what?pragmatic
Ultimately, the end of the Vietnam War resulted in what?Communist control of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam
What did the Pentagon Papers reveal?American leader misled the congress and American people about the war
In 1970, President Nixon tried to break the stalemate in the peace process by doing what?Ordering a ground attack on Vietcong bases in Cambodia
President Nixon ordered the secret bombing of the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Cambodia, why?Reduce flow of communist supplies
Who won the 1968 Presidential election?Nixon
In March 1968, what surprising announcement did President Johnson make to the American people?He wouldn’t run for another term
To eliminate deferment abuses, the Selective Service system…adopted a lottery
During the Vietnam War, African American soldiers were more likely to do what?to serve in a combat position
To convince North Vietnam to stop reinforcing the Vietcong, President Johnson ordered Operation Rolling Thunder, which did what?Began a sustained bombing campaign
Why did American soldiers use Agent Orange?Disrupt enemy food supply
Ho Chi Minh compared his military to a(n) what?Tiger
By the end of 1965, most American soldiers in Vietnam (got there how)had been drafted
Why did President Johnson have to cut back his Great Society initiatives?rising cost of war
What best describes the Vietcong’s war strategy?fight small skirmishes
The Geneva Accords provided for what?division of Vietnam into N and S
What happened during the Vietnamese election in 1956?Ngo Dinh Diem refused to participate
President Truman agreed to help France because he thought…communism was going to spread in Southeast Asia
President Johnson escalated American involvement in Vietnam by doing what?Ordering airstrikes and committing troops
President Nixon’s leading adviser on national security and international affairsHEnry Kissinger
guerrilla fighters who launched an insurgency in VietnamVietcong
a coordinated assault by communist forces on more than 40 cities in VietnamTet offensive
rebel leader who demanded independence for VietnamHo Chi Minh
an antiwar candidate for President in 1968Eugene McCarthy
Chinese premier who normalized relations with President NixonZhou Enali
a classified government history of American involvement in Vietnampentagon papers
a Vietnamese village attacked by American troopsMy Lai
a jellied gasoline that explodes when dropped in large canistersnapalm
the idea that if Vietnam fell to communism, its neighbors would followdomino theory