Immigration – Actual Topic or Not?
Immigration is an activity that has been associated with mankind for a long time. However, due to many increasing factors such as modern advancement of information, transport, and technology, immigration has become a global phenomenon. In addition to that, expansive poverty gap between rich and developing nations among other factors such as war and natural disasters, have contributed significantly to the modern rise of immigration. With the rise and increased immigration activities, it is clear that the subject is becoming common even for educational focus and purpose. Thus, prompting educational institutions and teachers to request students to write immigration essays for their coursework.
Is it hard to write an essay on Immigration?
Similarly, to any other essay, immigration essay requires proper planning, intensive research to gather information, proper citation and referencing as well as appropriate structuring and formatting. Therefore, be it a legal or illegal immigration essay the mechanism of writing is the same as with other scholarly essays. However, writing illegal immigration essay can be an uphill task that will consume a lot of time. This is mainly because you must conduct deep research to study and carefully understand the legal implications as well as to comprehend the situation that causes the immigration of each particular or specific group of people. What is more, the student must present factual information showcasing the details and situations in both the countries from which immigrants are moving from and the one they are moving to.
What is immigration?
Immigration is the international movement of people from their native country or country of origin with the aim of settling, dwelling or residing as a permanent or temporary citizen in a preferred destination country to obtain employment as an immigrant worker in various fields in the job market. Immigration has been an important aspect in the country development, therefore, making it an integral development factor for many countries. However, if unchecked and unregulated, it can also provide serious implications on the country’s population as well as the economy.
Types of immigration
Immigration policies consist of complex laws and regulations that one must follow to obtain an immigration status of the preferred destined country. Though many immigrants move from their countries for different reasons, in the United States they are categorized by the laws as follows.
- Family-based immigration
- Undocumented immigration
- Humanitarian immigration
- Non-immigrants/ temporary immigration
- Employment-Based Immigration
Family-based Immigration. This applies to citizens who have acquired citizenship through birth or naturalization for living in the country for three or more years as lawful permanent residents. For such citizen or permanent residents, the immigration status cannot be revoked unless it was obtained through fraud or illegally. The law allows these citizens to petition an application to permit specific family members to move to the United States. The petition provides siblings, spouses, minor children, or parents with opportunities to become lawful immigrants. To control the number of individuals obtaining this category of immigration status, the United States government has a limit of 480,000 family-based visas provided to the family members each year.
Moreover, for an individual to obtain the permission to immigrate to the States, the citizen or the permanent resident must petition on their behalf, provide the relationship with the intended immigrant as well as accept responsibility to support them on arrival. The immigrant may also seek for lawful permanent resident status through filing a petition or through a consular process once they get into the country.
Humanitarian immigration. The United States has immigration law that allows individuals immigrating from their countries for humanitarian reasons to obtain immigration status. These include refugees fleeing from their countries due to reasons such as war, political instability, natural disasters or individuals on a reasonable fear of facing persecution due to political, social or other specific factors. In addition to that, the States also provide asylum based on this category to persons seeking asylum status.
Employment-Based immigration. Due to the globalization, the need to embrace diversification, productivity and skills are important to the economic growth in the country. For this reason, the States allows professionals, skilled, and specialized workers to lawfully gain permanent and temporary work permits to contribute to the demanding industries and fields. Moreover, the United States provides permits on this form of immigration based on the nature of work, nationality among other factors provided by the law.
Non-Immigrants. These are immigrants or individuals who have obtained a legal temporary stay in the country. They include students, tourists, business visitors, fiancées among others who have obtained a temporary visa for a specified period of time. However, if the visa is fraudulently obtained or the individuals overstays beyond the specified time the statues of the person can be changed to the undocumented immigrants, therefore, facing deportation.
Undocumented immigration. This is also referred to as illegal immigration, and it involves individuals who are unlawfully in the country. This means that people who are living or working in the States without permission. Therefore, undocumented immigrants are not authorized to work or enjoy any public benefits such as the health care programs and are faced with deportation. One can become an illegal immigrant through entering the country from the undesignated port of entries as well as overstaying a legal temporary visa.
Effects of migration
Immigration can have positive and negative impacts on the destination of the host country as well as the immigrant’s country of origin.
To the host country, the skilled and unskilled labor force is provided by the immigrants thus filling job vacancies available in the market. The economy is also one of the largely positively impacted for it is well sustained by the productivity of the workforce provided by the immigrants. Young immigrants help in servicing the aging population when there is inadequate young population locally, therefore, occupying pension gap and consequently contributing to the economy through taxes. The skilled individual provides a high level of expertise, skills, and talents in the various fields, thus filling gaps in the labor market. Subsequently, the unskilled immigrants fill job occupations that are not taken by the native population. In addition to that, the destination country is also prone to cultural diversification which helps people to learn new habits, behaviors, cultures, and practices hence reducing intolerance such as racism and xenophobia as well as promoting globalization.
The immigrants’ country, on the other hand, benefits through remittances and contributions sent back to the country by the people. Also, the life prospects of the immigrants are achieved through self-reliance and employment hence reducing the unemployment rates in these countries. The immigrants also attain new skills, savings, international exposal, and contacts which they introduce to their countries when they return.
Exploitation of immigrant workers through low salaries, remunerations as well as longer working hours than the native population is a major drawback of immigration. Moreover, the immigration can provide security risks to the host nation due to drug trafficking and criminal activities by some immigrants. Immigration may also provide a social or political challenge such as xenophobia and racism directed towards population perceived as not original citizens. In addition to that, tensions and hostility may arise due to the perception that refugees and immigrants are benefiting more than the poor native population. Illegal immigration can also be used as a tool to victimize legal and law-abiding immigrants.
For the country of origin, the resourceful, skilled, productive and talented labor force is lost to the developed countries hence leaving the country with an economic disadvantage. Also, immigration may cause a social challenge to the young children left behind due to family members separation.