Ch 15 Psych

Humanistic TherapyTherapy that can be impractical in the treatment of people with severe mental disorders in which they are not verbally expressive.
Ideal selfAccording to humanistic therapists, the closer a person’s real self and _____ match, the happier and more well-adjusted the person will be.
EmpathyMeredith tells her therapist, Dr. Shepherd, that her mother recently died and she’s been experiencing suicidal thoughts. Dr. Shepherd responds by explaining that he can imagine that she must be feeling angry and abandoned. Dr. Shepherd is displaying ______, a key element in person-centered therapy.
DepressionRhonda’s psychiatrist prescribed her an SSRI. For which of the following disorders is Rhonda most likely being treated?
ReflectionAs Kenya explained to her therapist the current problems and feelings with which she was dealing, her therapist simply responded by restating to Kenya what he had heard her say, allowing Kenya to gain insight into her own problems. Kenya’s therapist was using which of the following techniques?
Dr. Philippe PinelThe Doctor that is famous for personally unchaining inmates in an asylum in Paris and beginning the movement of humane treatment
1793The first efforts to treat the mentally ill with kindness and guidance occurred in:
Bloodletting, beatings, ice baths, induced vomitingWhat kind of treatments were used to cleanse the body of physical impurities so that the person’s mind and soul could function more perfectly
GradedJill is afraid of flying, but she wants to visit her ailing mother across the country. Jill and her therapist begin her treatment by having Jill imagine herself boarding a plane, taking off, and landing safely. They then have Jill take a ride in a flight simulator. Next, Jill goes to an airport and sits in a seat on the plane but does not take off. Finally, Jill is able to board a plane and travel successfully. This method of exposure therapy is called _____ exposure.
Participant ModelingWhile treating a child with a fear of swimming, the therapist first approaches the water, then touches the water, then stands in the water waist-deep, and finally floats in the water. The therapist then repeats the steps with the child. This is an example of:
FloodingA technique in which the person is rapidly and intensely exposed to fear-provoking situations or objects and prevented from making the usual avoidance or escape response is:
Family CounselingThe goal of this kind of counseling is to treat family members as interacting parts of the whole unit, to discover unhealthy ways members interact, and to teach healthier, more productive means of interaction
Group TherapyDeirdre is having problems with depression following the recent birth of her baby. Her therapist believes Deirdre would gain emotional support and practical coping skills from other women who are also facing postpartum depression. Her therapist is recommending:
Person-centeredWhich of the following therapy styles has been found to work best with group therapy?
PersonalizationAbby’s husband comes home from work acting distant and grouchy. He tells her he’s angry about how a presentation with a client went because his team forgot a section of their display and they lost the client. However, Abby is hurt because she assumes he’s lying to her about the source of his anger and believes he’s really angry with her. This type of distorted thinking is called:
Magnification and MinimizationA student in a college program studying to become a teacher receives a poor grade on one lesson plan she turned in. Even though she’d received A’s on all her other lessons, she fixates on the one bad grade and believes she’ll be a terrible teacher and considers switching to another program is an example of what?
PsychopharamcologyNora suffers from depression. Her doctor prescribes antidepressant medication. Her doctor is using _____ to treat her.
Mood stabilizingLithium is a type of _____ drug.
Tardive DyskinesiaA syndrome caused by antipsychotic drugs that causes repetitive involuntary jerks and movements of the face, lips, legs, and body is:
Antipsychotic_____ drugs are used to treat symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, and other bizarre behavior.
Psychodynamic Therapy_______ is an insight therapy that emphasizes revealing the unconscious conflicts, urges, and desires that are assumed to cause disordered emotions and behavior.
ResistanceWhen Angela began to tell her therapist about memories of her grandfather, she suddenly refused to talk. After that session, she did not show up for her next appointment. This is an example of:
75-90%An estimated _______ of people feel that psychotherapy has helped them.
Cultural or Ethnic BackgroundsWhen the ___ or ____ of therapist and client are mismatched, the therapist may project his or her values onto the client, causing the failure of the therapist to achieve true empathy with the client’s feelings.
Nondirective TreatmentAll of the following are related to therapy effectiveness EXCEPT:
opportunity for catharsis.
positive experiences.
learning and practice of new behaviors.
nondirective treatment.
Demonic PossessionIn the Middle Ages, mental illness was thought to be caused by
Are notAlthough psychologists have discovered both drug treatments and psychological treatments that are effective in treating anxiety disorders, drug treatments (are/aren’t) as enduring in their effects as psychological treatments.
Cognitive and Behavioral TherapiesWhich types of therapy were introduced during the 1960s and 1970s?
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT); lobotomiesIn the mid-twentieth century, treatments such as _______________ and _______________ were used to treat severe, persistent mental illnesses such as schizophrenia and depression.
Anti-psychotic drugsIn the 1950s, scientists discovered ______________, and over time, due to the effectiveness of this treatment, many institutionalized patients were released and treated on an outpatient basis.