Summary Writing Guide

To name summary, the most important part of the essay, on the one hand, is rather strange, but on the other hand, the conclusion plays an essential role in the overall structure and the composition of the article itself. To understand this not easy confirmation just answer the question: why do I write the essay, what is my main aim? In most cases people do it to have the result, to submit important issues or find out the result, in other words, to write the conclusion which is based on the main body of the article, where the author describes his opinion.


According to the Internet source portals, the summary is a paraphrase in the diminished form of the topic and is the most substantial part of any kind of composition – essay, speech, story, letters on different topics, etc. This explanation is rather clear and it proves the value of the conclusion.

Aims of Writing

While writing an essay everyone, does not matter whether it is a student or an experienced journalist, all these people want their works to be substantial and easy to understand and to read. For the sake of it, the rehash was “created”. Conclusions can be compared to the final flourish: despite the fact that all the necessary arrangements were made, your work will never be finished without this indispensable part of the writing.

What Skills are Required for the Great Summary Writing?

First of all, you have to write down your thoughts briefly. The thing is that conclusion is the summation of everything written above, so this skill will be a great plus for you. At second, not less prominent is a feeling of the completeness, when you know how and when to end your work. It is rather good writing skill for copywriters and journalists. Often articles are full of unnecessary issues and info, which we just have to read to find the 5% of really useful data which we were looking for. The outline requires shortness because at the end of the story people usually do not want to read thousands of words, but just the core of the text itself.

Types of Summaries with its Specifics

Guess you already know, every category of written work requires its own special issues, as all they are one-of-a-kind. Talking about the articles, the writer has to understand that the most important about it is constructiveness. In other ways, try to write rather briefly and clearly, but meanwhile, you have to inform the reader completely, you have to include all the necessary tips and facts which are needed to make the work totally understandable and useful.

The next type of prospectus is a book conclusion. In this case, the genre of the book is a crucial point for it. The fiction requires artistic words and a good description, so you have work on the image in such type of summaries. Not less valuable are verbal images, which aid the reader to dive into the book while investigating your “masterpiece”.

One more kind of review is for the movies. Here you have to be very constructed in your writing and do not forget about the important details. But wait a minute, actually, this trick is allowed, because that is another possibility to maintain the suspense?

What needs to be included in the outline?

If you have to create the prospectus, but you have never done it before, here are some handy pieces of advice that have to be involved in the good summary. The most foremost you have to know is do not forget about the exclusions. As you already know, the outline is a briefly constructed data, it determines that to cut words or even sentences, in case of them are not foremost is normal. The next step to the cool short outline of the main item is a generalization. It means that you have to substitute 2 or more sentences with the only one. Often relative sentences can be written within one sentence, but the determination of it will not be missed. Next one is a simplification. It is talked that all the good things in the world are simple. And it is rather hard not to agree with this statement, as it is definitely true. Simplification shows that you have to take off all the difficult constructions in the sentences, verb forms or proverbs and sayings, which for sure embellish the text with the character of cultural development, but meanwhile, make it big in quantity. However, all the mentioned above can be effortlessly substituted with the simple sentences, just put down how you perceive the text, but without unnecessary constructions. That is a good possibility to get rid of the grammar and lexical mistakes. Not only that, what more you can do is to avoid the repeating of the words. It will totally convert your brief statement of main points too “heavy” and will wane the readability.

Common Structure of Summary

A summary is a short paragraph or a few paragraphs or clue so do not hesitate to write the main idea from the only beginning. This type of writing requires text without any additional clue, but pay attention that the only sense must be mentioned. Talking about the summary structure, here are the single-paragraph prospectus and multi-paragraph rundown. Single-component prospectus consists of only one paragraph. In case you have to write such type of review, include all the necessary data in a sentence in one paragraph. Take into account that each supporting point should be included in only one set of words. Considering multi-components rundown, here is easier, as you can include more facts because in this type few paragraphs are accepted. Organize your work to the effect that every supporting point to be described in one paragraph.

It is determinant to remember that summary firstly is your interpretation of the original and that original work has its author.

Here is the explanation of why relevant word combinations as:

  • “The author says.”,
  • “According to the author.”,
  • “Author also mentioned/argued about.”,
  • “Author considers.”
  • and others.

Step by Step Guide in Summary Writing

  1. Listen to the text or read it and struggle to comprehend the main idea.
  2. Detach the main and the secondary data. Differentiate between it, as you do not need the prospectus full of unessential facts. Try to make marks during the first reading process, because it will save your time and efforts. Pay attention to the dates, names, locations, etc. Be sure that you understood all the above-mentioned data clear.
  3. Read or listen to the text one more time and make a plan. This scheme has to be rather detailed, the more particularized it will be, the easier it will be for you to understand what the text is about. Take into account that the amount of paragraphs has to coincide with the number of micro-themes.
  4. Next is a simplification. Here you take all the avoidable issues off and make the outline complex, but meanwhile easy to perceive. But do not overdo it, because you easily can include something really reasonable, that is why you should be very careful.
  5. For every item write down some bright phrases, maybe idioms or proverbs which render the sense of the core. You have to include it into your outline, as it is not fundamental to use the same words and structures as in the original. Not only that but with the new and blazing phrases and words your summary will become a real masterpiece!
  6. Write down the rehash, including all the above-mentioned items in the rough copy.
  7. Reread it, change something if necessary. For the best result you can reread it not exactly after writing, but a few hours later or on the next day in the morning, as your brain will be “refreshed” and ready for the new productive day! In case of some mistakes of inappropriate words or word-combinations, rewrite them or solve the problems occurred with your work.

Summary Example:

Why the facts do not change our perception of the reality?

There were and are a lot of great people, who during a big period of time thought about this psychological dilemma: why it is so difficult to talk round maybe a little bit silly person in something, that she does not know, even if it is mathematics or nuclear physics. But in the case of the person is educational and has the basic knowledge or believes on something, it actually does not possible.

There are two essential items in the society: reality perception, or in other words understanding of the world as it actually is, with no curtains or false believes and the desire to be a part of society, be needed to someone and this gradually links to the scheme of the same thought of the whole group, because in other cases you will be outlaw. In many cases, social relations will be more useful to you than wright beliefs, but sometimes these beliefs are useful in your social life. One more intriguing thing is the facts do not change our position, but friendship does. What is the easiest way to change the person and her faith – for sure it is to become friends and “from inside” remake his opinion? There is a method of explaining the way people agree or do not agree with others and does not matter whether it is a friend or an unknown person. The spectrum of beliefs – is the scale from 1 to 10. In case we are on the position 3, it is hard to connect with the number 7, but much easier with 2 and 4. That means that we unconsciously agree with the person, whose opinion we already obtain. One more issue is why the false ideas exist? Because it is alive in the people’s mind, they talk about it and sometimes even argue with others due to it. The last one issue is “First be kind, later be right”. A lot of sense can be found under this statement, but the nitty-gritty is the only one: human feelings are above all the rights and values.