APUSH Ch. 33 Vocab

Ohio Ganga gang of politicians and industry leaders closely surrounding Warren G. Harding, the 29th President of the United States of America. Many of these individuals came into Harding’s personal orbit during his tenure as a state-level politician in Ohio, hence the name.
Albert B. Falla United States Senator from New Mexico and the Secretary of the Interior under President Warren G. Harding, infamous for his involvement in the Teapot Dome scandal.
Adkins vs. Children’s Hospitala United States Supreme Court opinion holding that federal minimum wage legislation for women was an unconstitutional infringement of liberty of contract, as protected by the due process clause of the Fifth Amendment.
Esch-Cummuns Act(The Transportation Act,)1920, was a United States federal law that returned railroads to private operation after World War I
Merchant Marine Actwas designed to improve the safety and security of United States seamen.. (Seamen’s Act).
Bonus Billmade a change in all payments everywhere.
Washington Disarmament Conferenceregarding interests in the Pacific Ocean and East Asia. Soviet Russia was not invited to the conference. It was the first international conference held in the United States and the first arms control conference in history.
Kellog – Briand Pact1928 international agreement in which signatory states promised not to use war to resolve “disputes or conflicts of whatever nature or of whatever origin they may be, which may arise among the
Fordney – McCumber Tariffa law that raised American tariffs on many imported goods in order to protect factories and farms
Teapot DomeAlbert B. Fall leased Navy petroleum reserves at Teapot Dome in Wyoming and two other locations in California to private oil companies at low rates without competitive bidding.
Capper – Volstead Actthe Co-operative Marketing Associations Act was adopted by the United States Congress on February 18, 1922. It gave “associations” of persons producing agricultural products certain exemptions from antitrust laws. It is sometimes called the Magna Carta of Cooperation.
Dawes Planan attempt following World War I for the Triple Entente to compromise and collect war reparations debt from Germany.
Hawley – Smoot tariff1930, that raised U.S. tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods to record levels. highest tariff in US history
Black Tuesdaythe day the stock market crashed
HoovervillesDepression shantytowns, named after the president whom many blamed for their financial distress
Bonus Army1932 – Facing the financial crisis of the Depression, WW I veterans tried to pressure Congress to pay them their retirement bonuses early. Congress considered a bill authorizing immediate assurance of $2.4 billion, but it was not approved. Angry veterans marched on Washington, D.C., and Hoover called in the army to get the veterans out of there.