APUSH ch.28 vocab

William Howard Taft(1857-1930) Twenty-seventh president of the United States; he angered progressives by moving cautiously toward reforms and by supporting the Payne-Aldrich Tariff. He lost Roosevelt’s support and was defeated for a second term.
John HayAmerican secretary of state who attempted to preserve Chinese independence and protect American interests in China
Theodore Roosevelt1858-1919. 26th President. Increased size of Navy, “Great White Fleet”. Added Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine. “Big Stick” policy. Received Nobel Peace Prize for mediation of end of Russo-Japanese war. Later arbitrated split of Morocco between Germany and France.
Philippe Bunau-VarillaFrench engineer who advocated an American canal through Panama and helped instigate a Panamanian rebellion against Colombia.
George Washington GoethalsUnited States army officer and engineer who supervised the construction of the Panama Canal (1858-1928)
Guerrilla warfareA hit-and-run technique used in fighting a war; fighting by small bands of warriors using tactics such as sudden ambushes
spheres of influenceAreas in which countries have some political and economic control but do not govern directly (ex. Europe and U.S. in China)
“yellow peril”A term denoting a generalized prejudice toward Asian people and their customs
Philippine insurrectionbefore the Philippines was annexed by the U.S. there existed tension between U.S. troops and Filippinos. eventually we entered into a war with the Philippines.
Open Door notesIn 1899 the United States feared that countries with “spheres of influence” in China might choose to limit or restrict trade to and from their respective areas. John Hay avoided any problems with trade by sending notes to each country who held power in China asking them to keep trade open and tariffs low.
“the full dinner pail”A Republican campaign slogan in the 1900 presidential election campaign, used to emphasize the prosperity of William McKinley’s first term and to appeal particularly to the labor vote
Boxer Rebellion1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the “foreign devils”. The rebellion was ended by British troops.
big-stick democracyThe policy held by Teddy Roosevelt in foreign affairs. The “big stick” symbolizes his power and readiness to use military force if necessary. It is a way of intimidating countries without actually harming them.
Clayton-Bulwer Treaty1850 – Treaty between U.S. and Great Britain agreeing that neither country would try to obtain exclusive rights to a canal across the Isthmus of Panama. Abrogated by the U.S. in 1881.
Hay-Pauncefote Treaty1901 – Great Britain recognized U.S. Sphere of Influence over the Panama canal zone provided the canal itself remained neutral. U.S. given full control over construction and management of the canal.
Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty(1903) treaty that granted the US land to build the Panama canal in exchange for $10 million and annual payments to Panama. Occured shortly after Panama’s independance.
Panama CanalA canal that crosses the isthmus of Panama connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Built by the United States between 1904 and 1914.
Roosevelt Corollary(TR) , Roosevelt’s 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force, first put into effect in Dominican Republic
Russo-Japanese WarA 1904-1905 conflict between Russia and Japan, sparked by the two countries’ efforts to dominate Manchuria and Korea
Portsmouth ConferenceThe meeting between Japan, Russia, and the U.S. that ended the Russo-Japanese War in 1905. Roosevelt won the Nobel Peace Prize for stopping the fighting between those two countries.
Gentlemen’s AgreementAgreement when Japan agreed to curb the number of workers coming to the US and in exchange Roosevelt agreed to allow the wives of the Japenese men already living in the US to join them
Great White Fleet16 American battleships, painted white, sent around the world on a “peace mission” to display American naval power
Root-Takahira agreementIn 1908 the United States and Japan signed this agreement saying they would both honor the territorial possessions of the respective countries that were in the Pacific Ocean, and they would also uphold China’s Open Door Policy.