Chapter 25 – study give me liberty all study questions/chronological

In August 1961, the Berlin Wall was erectedby the Soviet Union so that peoples from Eastern Bloc countries could not flee to West Berlin.
The 1964 Civil Rights Act prohibited all of the following, exceptracial discrimination in housing rental or sale.
The gelatinous form of gasoline that burns the skin of anyone exposed to it, which was dropped by American airplanes on enemy positions during the Vietnam War, was callednapalm.
In The Conscience of a Conservative, Barry Goldwater argued for all of the following, exceptsupport for the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
What was the principal concern of John F. Kennedy’s presidency?the vigorous conduct of the Cold War
What was the name for the 1965 immigration law that abandoned the national origins quota system, and established racially neutral criteria for immigration?Hart-Cellar Act
What was the April 1961 CIA-led invasion of Cuba to topple Fidel Castro that proved to be a total failure when, of the invading force of 1,400, 1,100 were captured and more than 100 killed?Bay of Pigs
Who was the marine biologist whose book, Silent Spring, spelled out how the insecticide DDT kills birds and other animals and causes sickness among humans, and who launched the modern environmental movement?Rachel Carson
Which was not part of President Johnson’s 1965-1967 “Great Society”?the overturned Taft-Hartley Act of 1947
Which was not a goal of the August 28, 1963 March on Washington?an end to the use of the Grandfather Clause restricting suffrage
Which was not an event in the civil rights movement of 1963?James Meredith, a black student, entered the University of Mississippi.
The organization that launched the Freedom Rides, by which integrated groups traveled by bus into the deep South to test compliance with court orders banning segregation on interstate buses and trains was called theCongress of Racial Equality (CORE).
What made the New Left new?It called for a democracy of citizen participation.
What was the first gay rights organization in the United States, founded in 1951 by Harry Hay?the Mattachine Society
What was the organization created by the Kennedy administration to aid the economic and educational progress of developing countries?the Peace Corps
Which of the following was not a central purpose of President Johnson’s Great Society program?establishing a federally guaranteed annual income for every family
A leading motto of the Women’s Liberation movement was“the personal is political.”
Who was the leader of the United Farm Workers (UFW)—as much a movement for civil rights as a campaign for economic betterment—who, beginning in 1965, led nonviolent protests, including fasts, marches, and a national boycott of California grapes?Cesar Chavez
Which of the following was not one of the climactic moments of 1968?the Berkeley Free Speech Movement
Which was the organization that crafted The Port Huron Statement, criticized corporations, unions, and the military-industrial complex, and proclaimed “a democracy of individual participation”?Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)
The 1964 voter registration drive in Mississippi in which hundreds of white college students from the North participated was known asFreedom Summer.
The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee’s goals includedreplacing the culture of segregation with a “beloved community” of racial justice.
The 1967 United States Supreme Court decision that declared unconstitutional the laws in sixteen states that prohibited interracial marriage wasLoving v. Virginia.
The 1968 Kerner Report blamed the widespread inner-city riots—occurring across the country from Harlem to Watts—onsegregation, poverty, and “white racism.”
The organization demanding greater Indian tribal self-government and the restoration of economic resources guaranteed in treaties, founded in 1968, was calledthe American Indian Movement.
Which of the following was not a target of the conservative “backlash” of the late Sixties?the growing power and militancy of organized labor
What was the title of the 1963 book by Betty Friedan that took as its theme the emptiness of consumer culture, and painted the suburban home as a “comfortable concentration camp” for women?The Feminine Mystique
Which of the following series of events is listed in proper sequence?Betty Friedan’s The Feminine Mystique; founding of National Organization for Women; Sisterhood is Powerful; Roe v. Wade
The United States Supreme Court ruling that an individual in police custody must be informed of the right to remain silent wasMiranda v. Arizona.
The organizer of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in April 1960 wasElla Baker.
Which of the following was not a common theme of the antiwar movementCommunism is preferable to democracy, so why fight it?
Which was not embraced by the “Black Power” movement of the mid-1960s?expansion of interracial coalition-building in SNCC and CORE
At the peak of the Vietnam war, the number of American troops in Vietnam was approximately500,000.
Who was the leading African American known for his fiery oratory, insistence that blacks control the political and economic resources of their communities, and who was assassinated by members of the Nation of Islam after he formed his own Organization of Afro-American Unity?Malcolm X
The Twenty-Fourth Amendment to the Constitution is the 1965 law that allowed federal officials to register voters.F
Following a 1969 police raid on the Stonewall Bar, a gathering place for homosexuals in New York City’s Greenwich Village, five days of rioting occurred and a militant gay rights movement was born.T
The Vietnam War was the longest war in American history and the only war that the United States has lost.T
While serving a nine-day jail term in 1963 for violating a ban on demonstrations, Martin Luther King, Jr., wrote his eloquent plea for racial justice, Letter from a Birmingham Jail.T
The Free Speech movement was initiated at the University of Minnesota in 1964.F
In Griswold v. Connecticut, the Supreme Court struck down all laws discriminating against homosexuals as a violation of the right to privacyF
With the sit-ins, college students stepped onto the stage of American history as a leading force for social change.T
President Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society’s War on Poverty required poor people to play a leading part in designing and implementing local policies.T
President Kennedy entered office determined to rid American foreign policy of its Cold War assumptions.F
In a single week in June 1963, more than 15,000 people were arrested in 186 cities across the United States in civil rights demonstrationsT
President Lyndon Johnson grew up in one of the wealthiest sections of United States—the central Texas Hill country.F
By the end of 1960, some 70,000 demonstrators had taken part in sit-ins across the nation; the tactic had its 1960s origins in the initiative of four students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University who, on February 1, 1960, sat down at a lunch counter in the local Woolworth’s department store and asked to be served.T
The War on Poverty guaranteed an annual income to all Americans, created jobs for the unemployed, promoted unionization, and made it more difficult for businesses to shift production overseas.F
President Kennedy’s policy toward Latin America, the Alliance for Progress, failed because the money, as distributed, enriched military regimes and local elites.T
In June 1964, three young voting rights activists were murdered in Mississippi—James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael SchwernerT
According to defenders of the Vietnam War, American military withdrawal would encourage the spread of communism elsewhere around the world.T
Johnson’s Great Society failed to reduce poverty in America to any significant degree.F
By 1968, the United States had more than a half million troops stationed in Vietnam.T
The centerpiece of President Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society was the endeavor to eradicate poverty.T
In the weeks following passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act, a joyful calm, mixed with a great celebratory jubilee that included parades, barbecues, and church prayer meetings characterized the principal response of inner city African Americans to the new law.F
In the “counterculture” of the 1960s there was, for the first time in American history, a rejection of respectable norms of clothing, language, and sexual behavior.T
The Greensboro lunch counter sit-in marked the first appearance of college students at the forefront of social protest in AmericaT
As president of the United States, Lyndon B. Johnson never forgot the poor Mexican and white children he had taught in a Texas school in the early 1930s.T
“Black Power” was a highly precise idea that asserted that only through revolutionary struggle for self-determination could black Americans achieve their rightful ends.F
Richard Nixon won the 1968 presidential election by the largest landslide in American history.F
The Civil Rights Bill and program of domestic liberalism launched by President Lyndon B. Johnson were far less ambitious than President Kennedy’s initiatives on these matters.F
Although the media came to derisively label radical feminists “bra burners,” no bras were ever actually burned.T
A key slogan of the Students for a Democratic Society was “participatory democracy.”T
President Johnson entered office determined to see a substantial civil rights bill passed by Congress.T
In his August 1963 speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial delivered to 250,000 black and white Americans, Martin Luther King, Jr., declared: “I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: ‘we hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal. ‘”T
Greensboro, N.C., sit in1960
Young Americans for Freedom founded1960
Bay of Pigs1961
Freedom Rides1961
Berlin Wall constructed1961
Port Huron Statement1962
University of Mississippi desegregated1962
Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring1962
Cuban Missile Crisis1962
Betty Friedan’s The Feminine Mystique1963
King’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail”1963
March on Washington1963
Kennedy assassinated1963
Freedom Summer1964
Civil Rights Act passed1964
Gulf of Tonkin resolution1964
Great Society1965-1967
Voting Rights Act1965
Watts uprising1965
Hart-Celler Act1965
National Organization for Women organized1966
Tet offensive1968
Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated1968
American Indian movement founded1968
Richard Nixon elected1968
Police raid on Stonewall Inn1969
Woodstock festival1969
Roe v. Wade1970