ap gov federal bureaucracy

federal bureaucracydepartments agencies commissions and boards that help execute and enforce federal laws and programs
hierarchy and specialization2 key factors of bureaucracy
spoils systemaka patronage which gives jobs to loyal supporters
patronage systemsame thing as spoils systems
merits systemgiving jobs based on ability
pendleton actfederal employees need to be hired based off of merit and qualifications, and established the civil service reform – employees need to take a civil service test in order to get a job in government so that ethical decisions are made when hiring
16th amendmentAllows the federal government to collect income tax.
ww1 great depression ww2 new deal3 reasons for growth of government
bureaucratspeople who work for the federal government and enforce the rules of governments
aka civil servants
hatch actprohibited civil servants from taking activist roles in partisan campaigns, could engage in electioneering activities tho
federal employees political activities actThe 1993 liberalization of the Hatch act. Federal employees are now allowed to run for office in nonpartisan elections and to contribute money to campaigns to partisan elections.
cabinet departments independent exec agencies independent regulatory commissions gov corporations4 formal organizations of the fed bureaucracy
cabinet departments15 total, major administrative units responsible for broad areas of government operation and policy, led by secretaries and appointed by pres
cabinet departmentswhich type of formal organization of the fed bur: state, treasury, defense, justice, interior, agriculture, commerce, labor, transportation
independent executive agenciesresemble cabinet departments in structure but have narrower area of responsibility, preform services not regulation
independent executive agencieswhich type of formal organization of the fed bur: NASA EPA
independent regulatory commissionsexist outside of major departments, regulate specific economic interest or governmental interest
independent regulatory commissionswhich type of formal organization of the fed bur: federal communication commission, federal reserve board, dec, fad, sec, national labor relations board
government corporationsperform business function that private businesses could provide
government corporationswhich type of formal organization of the fed bur: us postal service, amtrak, federal deposit insurance corporation
lacks expertise, no blame, less efficient, more timewhy does congress give federal agencies policy making discretion? (4)
funding, congressional investigations, oversight, change laws, create/dissolve agencyhow can congress ensure that legislative intent is followed by the fed bur? (5)
iron trianglethe pattern of interaction and cooperation between bureaucratic agency interest group and congress
bureaucratic agency interest group congress3 parts of the iron triangle
issues networksview of the relationship among interest groups, members of congress, and federal agencies as more fluid, open, and transparent than the term iron triangle
red tapeComplex bureaucratic rules and procedures that must be followed to get something done
presidentwhich branch can appoint and remove top administrators of bureaucrats
presidentwhich branch can initiate and adjust policy that would be enacted by congress after the bureaucrats activities
presidentwhich branch can make changes in agency’s annual budget proposal
congresswhich branch can refuse to appropriate funds for certain programs
congresswhich branch can pass legislation which affects bureaucratic activities
courtswhich branch can rule on the constitutionality of all challenged rules and regulations
courtswhich branch can rule on whether bureaucrats have acted within the law and require policy changes to comply with the law