abnormal psych mc

Alexis is socially withdrawn and has few close friends. This behavior is most likely to be diagnosed as a symptom of psychological disorder if it ispreventing her from functioning effectively
The U.S. National Institute of Mental Health has indicated that the development of ADHD is a consequence ofgenetic influences
Anxiety about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult is indicative ofagoraphobia
Cancer survivors who develop a fresh delight in their children and savor the joy of each new day best illustratepost traumatic growth
During a stressful military battle, Fong suddenly went blind. When hypnotized by an army psychiatrist, his blindness vanished. Fong apparently suffered from aconversion disorder
The experience of multiple personalities is most likely to be characterized bya massive dissociation of self from ordinary consciousness.
The dramatic increase in reported cases of dissociative identity disorder during the past 40 or so years most strongly suggests that symptoms of this disorder involverole-playing
Major depressive disorder is said to occur when signs of depression last at leasttwo weeks
George Frideric Handel composed his Messiah during three weeks of intense, creative energy. Many believe Handel suffered a mild form ofbipolar disorder
Of those who talk of suicide ________ actually attempt suicide. Of those who attempt suicide, ________ succeed in completing the act.most; only a few
Seeing one-eyed monsters would be a(n) ________. Believing that you are Christopher Columbus would be a ________.hallucination; delusion
One cluster of personality disorders marked by noticeably odd or eccentric behavior is exemplified by the ________ personality disorder.schizoid
Which of the following disorders is classified as a mood disorder?bipolar disorder
Mania is most likely to be associated with a(n)bipolar disorder
Repeatedly thinking about your own death is to ________ as repeatedly washing your hands is to ________.obsession; compulsion
Exhibiting two or more distinct and alternating personalities is a symptom of a(n)dissociative identity disorder
An antisocial personality disorder is most likely to be characterized bya lack of guilt feelings
Major depressive disorder is said to occur when signs of depression last at leasttwo weeks
Psychiatrists and psychologists label behavior as disordered when it isdeviant, distressful, and dysfunctional.
A fundamental problem with the diagnostic labeling of psychologically disordered behaviors is that the labels oftenbias our perceptions of the labeled person.
Misinterpreting normal physical sensations as symptoms of a dreaded disease is indicative ofsomatic symptom disorder (formerly hypochondriasis).
A psychotherapist is most likely to use the DSM-V in order to ________ various psychological disorders.identify
Anxiety is considered disordered if it ispersistent and distressing
Repeated distressing dreams and intrusive memories of an intensely fearful and life- threatening experience are symptoms most commonly associated withpost traumatic stress disorder
It is most helpful to use ________ for explaining why certain psychological disorders occur only in particular cultures.a biopsychosocial approach
Manuel is extremely shy and is so easily embarrassed when he is with other people that he often misses his college classes just to avoid social interactions. Manuel appears to suffer from a(n)social phobia
Fear-learning experiences can traumatize the brain by creating fear circuits within theamygdala
Phobias are most likely to be characterized bya persistent, irrational fear of a specific object or situation.
In which disorder do people alternate between states of lethargic hopelessness and wild overexcitement?bipolar disorder
ADHD is most clearly characterized bydistractibility.
Positive psychological changes that result from struggling with extremely challenging life crises demonstratepost-traumatic growth.
Episodes of intense dread that last for several minutes and are accompanied by shortness of breath, trembling, dizziness, or heart palpitations are most characteristic of a(n)panic disorder
The symptoms of ________ are likely to appear at an earlier age than the symptoms of ________.dissociative identity disorder; schizophrenia
A psychological disorder in which the symptoms take a bodily form without apparent physical cause is asomatoform disorder.
It is easy to condition but hard to extinguish fears of the types of stimuli that threatened our ancestors. This fact is best explained from a ________ perspective.biological
One of the positive symptoms (meaning “excesses in behavior, thought, or mood”) of schizophrenia includeshallucinations
Because it is so pervasive, ________ is often considered “the common cold” of psychological disorders.depression
A conversion disorder is a type of ________ disorder.somatoform
An anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts and actions is called a(n)obsessive-compulsive disorder.
An immediate and irrational anxiety response to the mere sight of blood is indicative ofa specific phobia
Judicial systems are responsible for making decisions regardinginsanity
A therapist suggests that Mr. Broshi continues to bite his fingernails because this behavior often reduced his feelings of anxiety in the past. The therapist’s suggestion most clearly reflects a ________ perspective.learning
The ability of mental health professionals to quickly communicate the characteristics of their patients’ complex symptoms is most clearly facilitated by the use ofdiagnostic labels
Those with a narcissistic personality disorder are likely to be preoccupied withtheir own self-importance.
Research on anxiety disorders indicates thatsome people are more genetically predisposed than others to develop anxiety
disorders.
Inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are major symptoms ofADHD
The terms sociopath or psychopath refer to an individual withantisocial personality disorder
A biopsychosocial approach to substance abuse would be most likely to emphasizethe interactive influences of nature and nurture on substance abuse.
Some psychologists believe that due partly to a broader definition of trauma, mental health professionals have been overdiagnosingPTSD
Generalized anxiety disorder is often accompanied bydepression
A biological perspective would be LEAST helpful for explaining thedramatic increase in reported cases of dissociative identity disorder during the past
40 or so years.
The DSM-V does NOTexplain the causes of the various psychological disorders.
Anthony is 32 years old, well above average in intelligence, and quite charming. He has swindled several older people out of their life savings, and he seems to have little feeling for his victims, nor does he fear the consequences of getting caught. His behavior is evidence ofantisocial personality disorder.
The conception of psychological disorders as biologically based sicknesses is known as themedical model
Using DSM-V guidelines, two different clinicians are likely to give a specific patient the same diagnosis. This indicates that the DSM-V isreliable
Ongoing patterns of behavior that interfere with normal day-to-day life are best characterized asdysfunctional
Some psychological disorders occur primarily in one culture. However, ________ occurs worldwide.schizophrenia
Abnormally low levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin are associated withdepression
The number one reason people seek mental health services isdepression
Sadie is so fearful of being overwhelmed by anxiety that she rarely steps outside her apartment. The thought of going shopping and getting lost in a crowd terrifies her, so she has her groceries delivered. Because of her fear, she earns her living as a freelance writer, working at home. Sadie’s behavior is most characteristic ofagoraphobia
Psychiatrists and psychologists would be likely to identify agoraphobia as a psychological disorder because it ispersonally dysfunctional.