ch 13 jmar

How did white Virginians respond to the violence of Nat Turners’ rebellion?c.They blamed it on outside agitators.
In 1831, Alexis de Tocqueville observed that the major differences between the north and south revolved around?d. the southern institution of slavery
After 1820, what caused slavery to become more profitable, which in turn increased the South’s political power?b. Cotton production expanded to the West.
By 1860, what percentage of the worlds supply of cotton was produced in the southern United States?d. 75 percent
In 1790, there were fewer than 700,000 slaves in the South; by 1860 that number had increased to about?c. 4 million
What was the primary cause of the growth in the southern slave population between 1790 and 1869?Natural Reproduction
In 1860, blacks made up a majority of the population in ?South Carolina
According to South Carolina political leader John C. Calhoun, what happened in states where slavery was abolished?a. The conditions of blacks got worse.
How did the institution of slavery affect social relations in the South?d. Whites were unified around race rather than divided by social class.
Which statement characterizes white Southerners in the antebellum South?c.most white southerners did not own slaves
Which staple crop was grown almost exclusively along a narrow strop of coast stretching from the Carolinas into Georgia?d. Rice
How important was agriculture to the economy of the North?It combined with commerce and manufacturing in a mixed
Prior to the Civil War, why did the South remain agriculturally based instead of diversifying its economy?b. Planters made good profits and feared that economic change would threaten the plantation system.
What was a consequence of the South’s lack of economic diversity?Newly arrived European immigrants tended to settle in the North
Why were there no statewide public school systems in the South as late as 1850?b. Planters saw no need to educate their workforce
How did larger planters have the time to concentrate on marketing and finance while still running a profitable plantation?They hired overseers to go to the fields with the slaves.
What did plantation owners mean when they described the master -slave relationship in terms of “paternalism?”b. a slave’s labor and obedience were exchanged for the master’s care and guidance
As the price of slaves continued to rise, masters began to treat their slaves marginally better because?a. it was in the master’s best interest to treat his slaves well enough that they could have children.
How did slaves manipulate planters emphasis on paternalism?a. Slaves sometimes negotiated concessions like small garden plots
What did southern men need in order to achieve high social standing and success in the world of politics?d. An honorable reputation
How did southern men’s emphasis on chivalry affect southern law?
Which statement describes the daily lives of southern women on the plantation?b. they worked long hours performing plantation duties
Most plantation mistresses kept their opinions on issues to themselves, but the diarist Mary Boykin Chesnut echoed most women in railing against?a. Miscegenation
By 1860, the slave system existed?in almost every skilled and unskilled occupation in the South
What happened to slave men when they became elderly?They moved on to new jobs, like cleaning stables
What was an advantage of being aend house servant in the Old South?b. House slaves enjoyed somewhat less physically demanding work.
The rarest job on the plantation for slaves was that of driver, the person whod. Made sure all slaves worked hard
What was the most frequent cause of the end of slave marriages?a. The death of one of the spouses
Why did planters promote Christianity in the slave quarters?c. They believed Christianity would make slaves more obedient
African American Christianity, created by slaves themselves?a. Was an interpretation of the Christian message that emphasized justice and salvation for all
Which of the following was the most common way slaves reacted to their bondage?c. Small-scale resistance
Most runaway slaves?c. were caught and returned
Why were open slave revolts uncommon in the South?a. Heavily armed whites outnumbered blacks two to one by 1860
In 1860, the largest number of white Southerners ?c. were nonslaveholding yeoman farmers
How did yeomen in the plantation belt of the South feel about wealthy planters?a. They relied on planters to ship and sell their cotton for them
The typical plantation belt yeoman in the old South aspired to?b. move up to the planter class
Most upcountry yeomen focused on cultivating ?b. Food
The economy of the upcountry South depended on ?barter
What percentage of nonslaveholding rural white men were landless and very poor?b. 25 percent
Which statement characterizes the religion of southern plain folk?c. Southern plain folk enjoyed religious revivals.
Which of the following restrictions were placed on the 260,000 free blacks in the South by 1860?Free blacks were subjected to special taxes, prohibited from interstate travel, denied the right to have schools and to participate in politics, and forced to carry “freedom papers.”
Most free blacks in the antebellum South ?d. rural, uneducated, unskilled agricultural laborers and domestic servants
Which statement describes the life of free black elites in cities like Charleston and New Orleans?
The goal of most free blacks in the South was to?Preserve their own freedom
The majority of poor white men in the South would agree on which statement ?a. The South should promote agriculture
By the 1850s, the political system of the white South?a. had extended the vote to all white males
What did the leaders of the Whig and Democratic parties have in common?mass based on political parties
How did the democratization of politics in the South change the shape of government?
Elite Southerners maintained their power over the yeoman majority by?b. Convincing yeomen of their shared interests
How did powerful whites defend slavery from attacks by critics?d. They used intimidation tactics to silence critics.