Age of Reform

Why was this picture most likely taken?to expose the horrors of child labor
When union leaders negotiate with business management, it is calledcollective bargaining
As the 1800s progressed, demands for labor reform increased mainly becauseworking conditions were horrible.
What was going on in Europe that most likely influenced the reform movements of the 1800s?Revolutions were spreading across Europe.
Britain abolished slaveryin 1833, before the United States did.
What did factory owners do to prevent unions from forming?They used force to end union activities
What were the two main reasons workers formed unions?as a form of social protest and to protect themselves from poor work conditions
The word for political or social change isreform
What would be labor’s first step in solving labor problems and effecting change?NOT joining a union
During industrialization, what were the attitudes toward slavery?Calls for the abolition of slavery increased
Who was instrumental in leading the movement for child labor reform?Lewis Hine
Women did not get the right to vote in Britain or in the United States untilthe 1920s
A major accomplishment of Britain’s Reform Act of 1832 was that it gave voting rights toNOT former enslaved persons.
NOT all males.
What was one way the passage of the Factory Acts (1844-1847) affected labor?Labor’s work hours were limited.
In both Britain and the United States, what happened in the 1870s that limited child labor?NOT Laws passed in both countries prohibited children under 14 from working.
What moderate reforms did European socialists support? Check all that apply.assistance for the poor
better working conditions
minimum wage laws
In a free market, supply and demand determinesthe type and number of goods produced.
According to Karl Marx, the economic ideas behind socialism would lead to acommunist revolution
Adam Smith believed that fair prices for goods are determined in a capitalist systemthrough competition between businesses.
In The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx hypothesized that capitalism would fail if workersNOT revolt
Karl Marx developed the economic theory ofcommunism.
In a dictatorship of the proletariat, who controls the government?working classes
Which statement best explains Smith’s point?Businesses acting in their own interests expect something in return for their services.
During industrialization, which led to an exploration of new economic theories?a gap between rich and poor
What two principles form the basis for capitalism?NOT private ownership and equal wealth
Those who believed in a communist revolution believed that workers would rise up, eventually leading toNOT a new form of capitalism.
The three main ideas behind capitalism as defined by Adam Smith areNOT laissez-faire, regulation, and self interest.
In general, which best explains why communist revolutions did not happen?Capitalist governments enacted reforms.
What two principles form the basis for capitalism?private ownership and free markets
Which best explains what Marx hoped to get across?Workers are slaves and should be inspired to revolt.