A.P. Psych Unit 11

Experts would most likely agree that intelligence isa mental ability to learn from experience.
Psychologists use ________ to assess individuals’ mental aptitudes and compare them with those of others.intelligence tests
Factor analysis has been used to assess whetherintelligence is a single trait or a collection of distinct abilities.
Spearman’s g factor refers toa general intelligence that underlies successful performance on a wide variety of tasks.
Howard Gardner identified a total of ________ intelligences.eight
Robert Sternberg distinguished among analytical, practical, and ________ intelligence.creative
When Mrs. McGuire asks her students to answer questions in class, she can quickly tell from their facial expressions whether they are happy to participate. Mrs. McGuire’s perceptual skill best illustratesemotional intelligence.
Brain size (adjusted for body size) is ________ correlated with intelligence. The speed of taking in perceptual information is ________ correlated with intelligence.positively; positively
Binet and Simon designed a test of intellectual abilities in order toidentify children likely to have difficulty learning in regular school classes.
To determine whether a child’s intellectual development was fast or slow, Binet and Simon assessed the child’smental age.
Lewis Terman’s widely used American revision of Binet’s original intelligence test was theStanford-Binet.
The Stanford-Binet, WAIS, and WISC tests are all types ofgeneral intelligence tests.
Tests designed to assess what a person has learned are called ________ tests.achievement
Tests designed to predict ability to learn new skills are calledaptitude tests.
When a person’s test performance can be compared with that of a representative and pretested sample of people, the test is said to bestandardized.
A bell-shaped curve that characterizes a large sample of intelligence test scores is a graphic representation of anormal distribution.
If a test yields consistent results every time it is used, it has a high degree ofreliability.
A test has a high degree of validity if itmeasures or predicts what it is supposed to measure or predict.
Crystallized intelligence refers most directly to a person’saccumulated knowledge and verbal skills.
Explaining why the best work of scientists is often produced in early adulthood while that of novelists often originates during middle adulthood requires a distinction betweenfluid and crystallized intelligence.
The ability to learn a new computer software program is to ________ as knowledge of state capitals is to ________.fluid intelligence; crystallized intelligence
A condition involving intellectual disability caused by an extra chromosome in one’s genetic makeup is known asDown syndrome.
Terman observed that children with IQ scores over 135 are likely tobe academically successful.
Research on the determinants of intelligence indicates thatboth genes and environment have some influence on intelligence scores.
The heritability of intelligence refers tothe percentage of variation in intelligence within a group that is attributable to genetic factors.
Children in an Iranian orphanage suffered delayed intellectual development due toa deprived environment.
Boys are most likely to outperform girls in a(n)chess tournament.
Girls are most likely to outperform boys in aspelling bee.
The intelligence test scores of today’s better-fed population ________ the scores of the 1930s population.are higher than
Intelligence tests are “biased” iftest performance is influenced by cultural experiences.