Chapter 1 – Medical Terminology

The four elements used to form words are…Word root, combining form, suffix, and prefix
A root is the main part or foundation of a word. In the words arthritis, arthrectomy, and arthroscope, the root is…Arthr
A combining vowel is usually an e.False – A combining vowel is usually an “o.”
A word root links a suffix that begins with a consonant.False – A word root links a suffix that begins with a vowel.
A combining form links multiple roots to each other.True
A combining form links a suffix that begins with a consonant.True
To define a medical word, first define the prefix.False – To define a medical word, first define the suffix or the end of the word. Second, define the first part of the word. Third, define the middle of the word.
In the term intramuscular, intra is the prefix.True
What is the word root of: splen/o (spleen)splen
What is the word root of: hyster/o (uterus)hyster
What is the word root of: enter/o (intestine)enter
What is the word root of: neur/o (nerve)neur
What is the word root of: ot/o (ear)ot
What is the word root of: dermat/o (skin)dermat
What is the word root of: hydr/o (water)hydr
Word root: nephritis – inflammation of the kidneyneph
Word root: arthrodesis – fixation of a jointarthr
Word root: dermatitis – inflammation of the skindermat
Word root: dentist – specialist in teethdent
Word root: gastrectomy – excision of the stomachgastre
Word root: chondritis – inflammation of cartilagechondr
Word root: hepatoma – tumor of the liverhepat
Word root: muscular – pertaining to musclemuscul
Word root: gastric – pertaining to the stomachgastr
Word root: osteoma – tumor of the boneoste
Combining form: nephr – kidneynephr
Combining form: hepat/o – liverhepat
Combining form: arthr – jointarthr
Combining form: oste/o/arthr – bone; jointoste
Combining form: cholangi/o – bile vesselcholangi
The diacritical mark – is called a (breve, macron).macron
The diacritical mark ^is called a (breve, macron).breve
The – indicates the (short, long) sound of vowels.long
The ^ indicates the (short, long) sound of vowels.short
The combination ch is sometimes pronounced like (k, chiy). Examples are cholesterol, cholemia.k
When pn is at the beinning of a word, it is pronounced only with the sound of (p, n). Examples are pneumonia, pneumotoxin.n
When i is at the end of a word, it is pronunced like (eye, ee). Examples are bronchi, fungi, nuclei.eye
When pn is in middle of a word, the p (is, not) pronounce. Examples are othopne, hyyperpnea.is
For ae and oe, only the (first, second) vowel is pronounce. Examples are bursae, pleurae.second
When e and es form the final letter or letters of a word, they are commonly pronounced as (combined, separate) syllables. Examples are syncope, systole, nares.separate
Suffix of thoractomy-tomy
Suffix of gastroscope-scope
Suffix of tonsillitis-itis
Suffix of gastric-ic
Suffix of tonsillectomy-ectomy
Prefix of anesthesiaan-
Prefix of hyperthermiahyper-
Prefix of intramuscularintra-
Prefix of paranasalpara-
Prefix of polyuriapoly-
Define gastritisinflammation of the stomach
Define nephritisinflammation of the kiney(s)
Define gastrectomyexcision of the stomach
Define osteomatumor of bone
Define hepatomatumor of the liver
Define hepatitisinflammation of the liver
What rule applies to arthr/itisRule: 1 – WR links a suffix that begins with a vowel.
What rule applies to scler/osisRule: 1 – WR links a suffix that begins with a vowel.
What rule applies to arthr/o/centesisRule: 2 – CF links a suffix that begins with a consonant.
What rule applies to colon/o/scopeRule: 2 – CF links a suffix that begins with a consonant.
What rule applies to chondr/itisRule: 1 – WR links a suffix that begins with vowel.
What rule applies to chondr/omaRule: 1 – WR links a suffix that begins with a vowel.
What rule applies to oste/o/chondri/itisRule: 3 – CF links multiple roots to each other. This rule holds true even if the next word root begins with a vowel.
Rule: 1 – WR links a suffix that begins with a vowel.
What rule applies to muscul/arRule: 1 – WR links a suffix that begins with a vowel.
What rule applies to oste/o/arthr/itisRule: 3 – CF links multiple roots to each other. This rule holds true even if the next word root begins with a vowel.
Rule: 1 – WR links a suffix that begins with a vowel.