Chapter 9 Test: The Byzantine Empire, Russia and Eastern Europe

Mongol armies who ruled much of medieval RussiaGolden Horde
A Byzantine emperor determined to revive ancient RomeJustinian
The center of the first Russian stateKiez
An area of southeastern Europe extending into the Mediterranean SeaBalkan Peninsua
a tsar who left Russia seething with rebellion at the time of his deathIvan the Terrible
The capital of the Byzantine empireConstantinople
A tsar who brought much of northern Russia under his ruleIvan the Great
The highest official in Byzantine ChurchPatriarch
A document that limited the power of Magyar rulersGolden Bull of 1222
The open, treeless grassland of southern Russiasteppe
Which statement is true about the city of Constantinople?It commanded key trade routes linking Europe and Asia
Justinian’s most important achievement was probablyhis “Body of Civil Law”
What issue was the cause of a bitter battle between eastern and western Christianity?A Byzantine emperor banned religious icons
What helped cause the decline of the Byzantine empire?Venetian merchants gained control of Byzantine trade
Which region of medieval Russia served as a great highway for nomadic migration?The southern steppe
Which of these statements is true about the Mongol rule of medieval Russia?Russian rulers continued the Mongols’ use of absolute power
Ivan the Greatsought to limit the power of landowning nobles
Why did the state of Poland-Lithuania weaken in the late 1600s?The central government was weak due to the “free veto”
In the 900s, West Slavs of Poland were influenced by missionaries spreadingRoman Catholicism
The Magyars who raided Europe from the Asian steppes eventually settled inHungary
The city of Constantinople was in a key location on the strait that links the Mediterranean Sea with theBlack Sea
Under the rule of Justinian, the Byzantine empirebuilt the strongest military force in the world
The rule of the Byzantine emperor Justinian differed from the rule of monarchs in Western Europe in thatJustinian had both political and spiritual power
After the Great Schism, the Byzantine church became known as theEastern Orthodox Church
Byzantine scholars produced many notable books especially in the field ofHistory
Medieval Russian traders most often reached the Byzantine worldthrough rivers running from north to south
The development of Kiev and its culture was the result of the blended cultures of what two peoples?Slavs and Vikings
Russia’s first civilization began inthe farming region of Ukraine
What was an effect on Mongol rule over medieval Russia?They cut Russia off from contacts with Western Europe
In 1380, the Russian princes of Moscow took control from the Mongols bydefeating the Golden Horde at the battle of Kulikovo
Russian tsar Ivan the Terribleissued laws that tied Russian serfs to the land
In medieval Eastern Europe, goods and cultural influences traveled along theDanube and Vistula
Islam was introduced to some areas of the Balkans in the 1300s by the invadingOttomans
What effect did the “free veto” have on the government of Poland-Lithuania?It made it difficult for the government to take decisive action
What lasting impact did the Magyars have on the kingdom of Hungary?They adopted Roman Catholicism and ruled the kingdom