AP Psychology Module 9 Exam

An urgent demand or expectation for our behavior that comes from an outside source is called ________.

a) pressure
b) hassles
c) major life events
d) catastrophes
e) frustration

a) pressure
________ occurs when people experience unpleasant stressors.

a) Distress
b) Acute stress
c) Eustress
d) Catastrophic stress
e) Frustration

a) Distress
People who respond to life events with a laid back, relaxed, easygoing attitude, and are slow to anger are said to have a ________ personality.

a) Type A
b) Type C
c) Type B
d) Type S
e) Type W

c) Type B
According to Hans Selye, resistance to stress is lowest at the ________ stage of the general adaptation syndrome.

a) alarm phase
b) resistance phase
c) gathering phase
d) exhaustion phase
e) hoarding phase

d) exhaustion phase
Linda’s house was flooded in a hurricane. Upon losing her home, she had nightmares, disturbed sleep, and anxiety that lasted about two weeks. Linda most likely suffered from ________.

a) post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
b) catastrophic stress
c) acute stress disorder
d) external locus of control
e) stress disorder

c) acute stress disorder
Coping strategies can be either ________ -focused or ________ -focused in nature.

a) problem; emotion
b) physiological; spiritual
c) internally; externally
d) distress; eustress
e) situation; environment

a) problem; emotion
Tad seems to thrive when faced with difficult challenges and usually feels in control of his life. He would probably be labeled a ________ personality.

a) Type B
b) Type C
c) hardy
d) stressed
e) Type S

c) hardy
Gloria is a tax accountant who is very busy from January to April 15, which is the tax return filing deadline. She feels that she must work very long hours during this time to meet the April 15 deadline for all of her clients. Gloria is experiencing ________.

a) frustration
b) pressure
c) cognitive dissonance
d) anxiety
e) social loafing

b) pressure
________ psychology is the field of study devoted to understanding the relationship between physical activities, psychological traits, and social relationships and overall health and rates of illness.

a) Medicinal
d) Developmental
c) Health
d) Physiological
e) Biomedical

c) Health
Which psychologist is credited with proposing the general adaptation syndrome?

a) Hans Selye
b) Lazarus
c) Berkowitz
d) Holmes and Rahe
e) Beck

a) Hans Selye
For the past six months, Dahlia’s job has been extremely stressful, but she doesn’t feel that she can quit because she needs the money for tuition. Dahlia has been having chronic headaches and is behind in all of her classes. According to Hans Selye, Dahlia is in the ________ stage of the general adaptation syndrome.

a) alarm phase
b) resistance phase
c) gathering phase
d) exhaustion phase
e) hoarding phase

Which of the following is a mental series of exercises meant to refocus attention and achieve a trance-like state of consciousness?

a) biofeedback
b) meditation
c) relaxation response
d) progressive relaxation
e) breathing methods

b) meditation
The Framingham Heart Study found that the risk of coronary heart disease ________.

a) for women who work and are also Type A is no greater than that of Type B working women
b) is greater for Type B women who work than Type A women who work
c) is greater for Type A women who do not work than for Type B women who do work
d) for women who work and are also Type A is four times that of Type B women who work
e) is the same for Type B women who work than Type A women who work

d) for women who work and are also Type A is four times that of Type B women who work
Research shows that ________ lowers blood pressure in adolescents and adults.

a) implosive meditation
b) concentrative meditation
c) sensory deprivation
d) sublimation
e) identification

b) concentrative meditation
________ occurs when a person is blocked or prevented from achieving a desired goal or fulfilling a perceived need.

a) pressure
b) hassles
c) major life events
d) catastrophes
e) frustration

e) frustration
A person who thrives on stress but lacks the anger and hostility typical of some others who have the Type A personality is said to have a ________ personality.

a) hardy
b) optimistic
c) Type B
d) Type C
e) happy

a) hardy
Working a second job to pay off credit cards is an example of ________.

a) reappraisal
b) distraction
c) emotion-focused coping
d) problem-focused coping
e) family-focused coping

d) problem-focused coping
Desiring to purchase a book and finding it is out of stock is an example of a(n)________.

a) internal conflict
b) external frustration
c) internal frustration
d) indifferent frustration
e) external conflict

b) external frustration
________ occurs when people experience unpleasant stressors.

a) Catastrophic stress
b) Distress
c) Acute stress
d) Frustration
e) Eustress

b) Distress
The Type C behavior pattern is a significant predictor of ________.

a) mental illness
b) cancer
c) respiratory illnesses
d) coronary heart disease
e) acne

b) cancer
Saleem has been seeing a therapist because she cannot adjust to her new husband’s children from a previous marriage. Although she dearly loves her husband, she feels awkward and embarrassed in front of the children. The therapist suggests that she bring her husband and his children with her to the next session so she can see them interact. Saleem is probably seeing a ________.

a) behavior therapist
b) psychoanalyst
c) Gestalt therapist
d) cognitive therapist
e) family therapist

e) family therapist
A type of therapy in which clients meet regularly in a group setting and discuss problems under the guidance of a single therapist is called ________ therapy.

a) Gestalt
b) group
c) social
d) informal
e) drama

b) group
Bob has been under a physician’s care for bipolar disorder. Bob’s doctor is most likely to prescribe which of the following to treat Bob’s disorder?

a) Prozac
b) tricyclics
c) Ritalin
d) Adderall
e) lithium

e) lithium
A physician prescribes a drug to help alleviate your anxiety. Which drug might you be taking?

a) Thorazine
b) Elavil
c) Valium
d) Prozac
e) Vitamin

c) Valium
A therapist challenges what she sees as her client’s irrational and self-defeating beliefs. She uses persuasion, confrontation, arguments, and even homework assignments to challenge those beliefs. She is probably a ________ therapist.

a) rational-emotive
b) biomedical
c) group
d) family
e) psychoanalytic

a) rational-emotive
Which of the following is a disadvantage of group therapy?

a) It allows the therapist to see how the client interacts with others.
b) It often allows group members to help one another learn new social skills.
c) The client must share the therapist’s time.
d) The therapist is the only person to whom secrets are revealed.
e) The client feels supported by others in the group.

c) The client must share the therapist’s time.
Azdah’s teenage son fails his mathematics exam due to lack of studying. She immediately assumes that it is her fault. Azdah is engaging in ________.

a) selective thinking
b) personalization
c) arbitrary inference
d) overgeneralization
e) depersonalization

b) personalization
In general, antipsychotic drugs work by ________.

a) inhibiting the reuptake process of serotonin
b) blocking dopamine receptors in the brain
c) blocking GABA receptors in the brain
d) inhibiting the function of the hypothalamus
e) increasing the amount of acetylcholine in the brain

b) blocking dopamine receptors in the brain
Beck’s cognitive therapy is particularly effective in the treatment of ________.

a) somatoform disorders
b) anxiety disorders
c) schizophrenia
d) personality disorders
e) depression

e) depression
Bob has been under a physician’s care for depression. Although his symptoms have disappeared and he has suffered no major side effects, he has had to go on a severely restricted diet since his treatment began and be careful about eating certain smoked, fermented, or pickled foods, and drinking certain beverages. In addition, he needs to be careful about taking other medications due to a risk of severe high blood pressure. Bob’s doctor has probably been treating him with ________.

a) MAOI’s
b) Prozac
c) lithium
d) tricyclics
e) sedatives

a) MAOI’s
A therapist is interested in helping his client change his disordered behavior. This therapist is most likely to be a/an ________.

a) insight therapist
b) biomedical therapist
c) action therapist
d) relationship therapist
e) physical therapist

c) action therapist
John and his wife are having trouble communicating and getting along with one another. Which type of therapy is most likely to help them with their problems?

a) informal
b) self-help
c) dynamic
d) group
e) individual

d) group
Eye-movement desensitization reprocessing is primarily used for treatment of ________.

a) depression
b) post-traumatic stress disorder
c) schizophrenia
d) DID
e) GAD

b) post-traumatic stress disorder
________ therapies have had considerable success in treating bedwetting, overeating, drug addictions, and phobic reactions.

a) Behavior
b) Biomedical
c) Humanistic
d) Psychoanalytic
e) REBT

a) Behavior
According to Albert Ellis, we become unhappy and depressed about events because of ________.

a) our behaviors
b) other people’s irrational beliefs
c) our irrational beliefs
d) the events that happen to us
e) other people’s behaviors

c) our irrational beliefs
Which of the following is an advantage of self-help groups?

a) They are free.
b) They are facilitated by an experienced therapist who is familiar with the group members’ problems.
c) They are facilitated by a person who is not familiar with the members’ problems.
d) They provide access to needed medications.
e) They help individuals one at a time.

a) They are free.
A patient scheduled to have an operation called a bilateral cingulotomy may have which of the following diagnoses?

a) panic disorder
b) catatonic schizophrenia
c) antisocial personality disorder
d) bipolar disorder
e) social phobia

d) bipolar disorder
Lulu sees a professional once a month to manage the medication she is taking to help alleviate the symptoms of her anxiety disorder. The type of therapy Lulu is undergoing is called ________.

a) biomedical therapy
b) physical therapy
c) psychotherapy
d) electroconvulsive shock therapy
e) lobotomy

a) biomedical therapy
Mary is an adolescent who currently has a small pimple on her cheek that is causing her to be overly self-conscious. She is convinced that everyone she meets stares at and talks about her pimple. Mary’s behavior exhibits ________.

a) a sense of idealism
b) personal fable
c) puberty
d) menarche
e) imaginary audience

e) imaginary audience
Ali is in the hospital about to undergo a brain-imaging process that involves taking many x-rays from different angles aided by the use of a computer. What type of imaging technique is being used?

a) computed tomography (CT)
b) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
c) positron-emission tomography (PET)
d) electroencephalography (EEG)
e) positron emission test (PET)

a) computed tomography (CT)
You are watching sleep researchers monitor the sleep of a normal adult. The participant is hooked up to an EEG. What brain waves would you observe as the person becomes drowsy and then enters the first stage of sleep?

a) delta eventually replaced by theta
b) delta eventually replaced by beta
c) alpha eventually replaced by theta
d) alpha eventually replaced by delta
e) delta eventually replaced by beta

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Question 42 (Worth 1 points)

Ward notices that as his supply of marijuana decreases he starts thinking more and more about where he can get another supply as well as feeling nervous and anxious. This is an example of ________.

a) withdrawal
b) psychological dependence
c) physiological dependence
d) tolerance
e) dependence

b) psychological dependence
A psychologist evaluated Tameka, an eight-year-old child who has experienced difficulty in school. The psychologist sent questionnaires to 100 teachers to determine if they had ever seen similar cases. Based on the teachers’ responses, the psychologist hypothesized that a particular diet might cause the learning problem. Following her tabulation of the responses, she designed a study that would tell her if diet were the actual cause. Which of the following lists, in order from first to last, the research methods this psychologist used?

a) naturalistic observation, survey, experiment
b) experiment, correlation, bias
c) experiment, case study, survey
d) case study, survey, experiment
e) correlation, case study, experiment

d) case study, survey, experiment
You are at a basketball game and the arena is packed; the crowd is evenly split between fans of the two teams. At one point, the referee makes a call. Half of the fans yell insults; the other half of the fans shout their approval. The event reminds you of the topic of today’s lecture in psychology class. What was the likely topic of the lecture?

a) extraneous variables
b) bias
c) experiments
d) psychoanalysis
e) case study

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Seeing a snake, running away from it, and then becoming frightened is the sequence of events postulated by the ________ theory.

a) James-Lange
b) Cannon-Bard
c) Yerkes-Dodson
d) Plutchik
e) Schacter

a) James-Lange
Monica put all her time and energy into getting into the acting club because her main goal in life “was to be a famous star!” Monica’s drive to be famous was a (an) ________ drive.

a) reflexive
b) tertiary
c) primary
d) instinct
e) acquired

e) acquired
What is a major goal of the Gestalt therapist?

a) to eliminate the client’s undesirable behaviors
b) to help clients become more aware of their own feelings
c) to facilitate transference
d) to provide unconditional positive regard
e) to facilitate free association

b) to help clients become more aware of their own feelings
What do behavior therapists see as the cause of abnormal or undesirable behaviors?

a) unconscious conflicts
b) distortions in thinking
c) discrepancy between the real self and ideal self
d) delusional behaviors
e) learning

e) learning
Iram is afraid of snakes. In an effort to help him overcome his fear, his therapist has him enter a room where there are dozens of snakes and has him hold them. Iram is not permitted to leave the room until the therapy session is completed. Iram’s therapist is using ________.

a) aversion therapy
b) flooding
c) free association
d) paradoxical intent
e) systematic desensitization

b) flooding
Dr. Shedrika uses a form of therapy that emphasizes revealing his clients’ unconscious conflicts, urges, and desires, which he believes are the cause of his clients’ disordered emotions and behavior. This therapist is most likely using ________.

a) behavior therapy
b) Gestalt therapy
c) systematic desensitization
d) psychoanalysis
e) client-centered therapy

d) psychoanalysis
For which of these problems would systematic desensitization most likely be used?

a) Joe has been depressed for two years.
b) As a result of schizophrenia, David does not interact with members of his family.
c) A fear of heights restricts Alice’s enrollment to classes that meet on the first floor.
d) Ken is afraid of confronting his boss because of underlying issues with his father.
e) Hilda cannot commit to marriage because of fear of abandonment

c) A fear of heights restricts Alice’s enrollment to classes that meet on the first floor.
Your friend tells you that his therapist is a Gestalt therapist. You ask him to describe what might happen in one of his therapy sessions. Which of the following is his most likely answer?

a) “I am asked by the therapist to relax and meditate.”
b) “During the session I sometimes talk to an empty chair.”
c) “The therapist evaluates the factual basis of my statements to identify logical inconsistencies.”
d) “The therapist asks me to describe the details of the dreams I have had recently.”
e) “The therapist asks me to explain in depth all of the dreams I have had multiple times.”

b) “During the session I sometimes talk to an empty chair.”
The use of objects that can be traded for food, candy, treats, or special privileges with the purpose of reinforcing behavior is called ________.

a) extinction
b) token economy
c) participant modeling
d) systematic desensitization
e) schedules of reinforcement

b) token economy
Dr. Garcia is treating a patient who has a fear of knives. He believes his patient’s fear is a kind of displacement, in which the phobic object is a symbol of whatever his patient has buried deep inside her unconscious mind. Dr. Garcia’s view is consistent with that of ________.

a) the biological perspective
b) cognitive psychologists
c) the psychodynamic model
d) behaviorists
e) the imagery model

c) the psychodynamic model
Psychoanalysis was a therapy technique designed by ________.

a) Carl Rogers
b) Fritz Perls
c) Sigmund Freud
d) Alfred Adler
e) Albert Ellis

c) Sigmund Freud
Julie has a fear of riding in elevators. She is seeing a therapist who asks her to construct a hierarchy of her fears related to riding in elevators. In addition, her therapist is teaching her to relax while imagining each fear in the hierarchy. Julie’s therapist is using ________.

a) rational-emotive therapy
b) person-centered therapy
c) cognitive consistency therapy
d) systematic desensitization
e) psychoanalysis

d) systematic desensitization
Which technique removes a reinforcer to reduce the frequency of a behavior?

a) systematic desensitization
b) negative reinforcement
c) punishment
d) dream analysis
e) extinction

e) extinction
Which of the following statements is true regarding the effectiveness of contingency contracts when used with children?

a) They are consistent and there is no room for reinterpretation of the rules.
b) Children can change the rules as needed, at any time.
c) They are flexible and are regularly subject to change on an as-needed basis.
d) Parents can back down on a promised privilege.
e) Parents always forget about the contract.

a) They are consistent and there is no room for reinterpretation of the rules.
In interpreting a dream, a psychoanalyst would attempt to discover the dream’s ________.

a) free association
b) latent content
c)resistance
d) manifest content
e) story content

b) latent content
Judy’s therapist listens to her without interruption and judgment. She provides Judy with warmth and respect, without any conditions attached. Her therapist is demonstrating ________.

a) genuineness
b) nondirective countertransference
c) reflection
d) unconditional positive regard
e) mirroring

d) unconditional positive regard
Which method of treating phobias involves progressive relaxation and exposure to the feared object?

a) systematic desensitization
b) contingency contractc
c) reinforcement
d) dream analysis
e) aversion therapy

a) systematic desensitization
Which of the following techniques would be most appropriate for treating overeating or smoking?

a) flooding
b) systematic desensitization
c) fixed ratio reinforcement scheduled
d) aversion therapy
e) token economy

d) aversion therapy
Carl Rogers’s person-centered approach is considered ________ because the client actually does all the real work, with the therapist merely acting as a sounding board.

a) behavioral
b) directive
c) client-centered
d) cognitive
e) action

c) client-centered
Juan is so afraid of germs that he wears gloves when opening doors. He is encouraged by his therapist to imitate a person in a video who demonstrates opening a door, step-by-step, without wearing gloves. Which technique is his therapist using?

a) extinction
b) token economy
c) participant modeling
d) systematic desensitization
e) schedules of reinforcement

c) participant modeling
John has made a career of stealing older people’s retirement money by taking advantage of their trust and selling them phony retirement investments. John explains that he has done nothing wrong if these people were not so greedy, they would not be so eager to invest in his phony schemes. In his mind, his victims got exactly what they deserved. John’s behavior and attitude are typical of someone with ________ personality disorder.

a) antisocial
b) passive-aggressive
c) schizotypal
d) schizoid
e) paranoid

a) antisocial
People with ________ disorders have an excessively rigid, maladaptive pattern of behavior and ways of relating to others.

a) schizophrenic
b) personality
c) affective
d) somatoform
e) anxiety

b) personality
The police find a man who is disheveled and in a daze wandering through the downtown area. When the police ask him for his name, he seems bewildered. A search of missing persons photographs reveals that this man was reported missing three months ago in a town more than 700 miles away. The man is most likely suffering from ________.

a) dissociative fugue
b) dissociative identity disorder
c) depersonalization disorder
d) dissociative amnesia
e) dissociation hypertension

a) dissociative fugue
Ned seeks therapy after having recurrent episodes of feeling “detached from himself” for several months, but he has not lost his self-awareness or memory. He notes that he feels like a robot, disconnected from his movements and actions. He is most likely suffering from ________.

a) depersonalization disorder
b) the fugue
c) schizophrenia
d) panic disorder
e) dissociative identity disorder

a) depersonalization disorder
Which of the following people would be most likely to receive a diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder?

a) Jared, who enjoys stealing cars and going for joy rides around his neighborhood.
b) Marlon, who works as a long-distance truck driver so that he doesn’t have to interact with people more than necessary.
c) Monet, who cannot make a decision without first knowing what her boyfriend thinks is best.
d) Lizette, who has a history of multiple suicide attempts.
e) Harlan, who has a family history of depression.

a) Jared, who enjoys stealing cars and going for joy rides around his neighborhood
Marty is moody, manipulative, unstable, lacks a clear sense of identity, and often clings to others. He wants to have close relationships but is unable to do so because he is untrusting of others. Marty is suffering from ________ personality disorder.

a) antisocial
b) borderline
c) avoidant
d) dependent
e) paranoid

b) borderline
In which type of society is a new mother most likely to experience the symptoms of postpartum psychosis?

a) Western society
b) non-Western society
c) All of the above have instances of postpartum psychosis
d) technological society
e) Martian society

c) All of the above have instances of postpartum psychosis
Which of the following statements represents the cognitive-learning theorist’s view of personality disorders?

a) They are a type of learned behavior.
b) They have physiological causes.
c) They are due to an inadequate resolution of the Oedipus complex.
d) They are due to disturbances in family relationships.
e) They are due to interruptions in parental attachments.

a) They are a type of learned behavior.
When Bob noticed a pain in his thigh, he was convinced it was a sign of bone cancer. Although x-rays revealed no sign of cancer, Bob sought the opinions of a dozen other physicians who agreed with the original opinion. What psychological disorder might Bob’s behavior indicate?

a) conversion disorder
b) mood disorder
c) catatonic schizophrenia
d) hypochondriasis
e) depersonalization disorder

d) hypochondriasis
A hospital patient was diagnosed as suffering from schizophrenia because she was having both delusions and hallucinations. What type of symptoms are these?

a) a mix of positive and negative
b) positive
c) negative
d) indifferent
e) atypical

b) positive
What is the main difference between generalized anxiety disorder and phobic disorder?

a) Phobic disorder is linked to specific triggers while generalized anxiety disorder is not linked to a specific trigger.
b) Generalized anxiety disorder is linked to a specific trigger while phobic disorder is not linked to a specific trigger.
c) Generalized anxiety disorder is more common in adults while phobic disorder is more common in children.
d) Generalized anxiety disorder is more common in women and phobic disorder is more common in men.
e) Specific phobia is a dissociative disorder and generalized anxiety disorder is an anxiety disorder.

a) Phobic disorder is linked to specific triggers while generalized anxiety disorder is not linked to a specific trigger.
Each day, while Sid is sitting at his desk at work, he continually thinks about germs. Each time this occurs, he washes his hands. Sid probably suffers from ________.

a) obsessive-compulsive disorder
b) generalized anxiety disorder
c) panic disorder
d) agoraphobia
e) amnesia

a) obsessive-compulsive disorder
Fears of snakes, thunderstorms, darkness, and water are classified as ________ phobias.

a) specific
b) complex
c) interactive
d) social
e) secretive

a) specific
The treatment recommended for a patient at the mental health clinic is phototherapy. What is the likely diagnosis?

a) dysthymic disorder
b) panic disorder
c) seasonal affective disorder
d) bipolar disorder
e) anxiety disorder

c) seasonal affective disorder
A person who suffers from bipolar disorder alternates between ________.

a) anxiety and mania
b) depression and manic episodes
c) depression and schizophrenia
d) mania and schizophrenia
e) anxiety and schizophrenia

b) depression and manic episodes
People who have a(n) ________ are afraid of being evaluated in some negative way by others, so they tend to avoid situations that can be embarrassing.

a) specific phobia
b) interactive phobia
c) agoraphobia
d) social phobia
e) generalized phobia

d) social phobia
A person who is suffering from disordered thinking, bizarre behavior, and hallucinations and who is unable to distinguish between fantasy and reality is likely suffering from _______.

a) a dissociative disorder
b) passive-aggressive personality
c) schizophrenia
d) bipolar disorder
e) anxiety disorder

c) schizophrenia
A patient in a psychiatric hospital exhibits disordered thinking, bizarre behavior, and hallucinations. This person is probably suffering from ________.

a) passive-aggressive personality
b) schizophrenia
c) a dissociative disorder
d) bipolar disorder
e) anxiety disorder

b) schizophrenia
Which of the following is a condition in which a person shows little or no emotion?

a) hallucinations
b) delusions
c) flat affect
d) appropriate affect
e) inappropriate affect

c) flat affect
Arlene has an irrational fear of flying in airplanes. She is probably suffering from a ________.

a) mania
b) compulsion
c) obsession
d) phobia
e) ritual

d) phobia
Leo worries all of the time. He worries about his money, his children, and his dog. His muscles are always tense and sore, he has trouble sleeping, is often irritable, and has difficulty concentrating. Leo’s symptoms sound most like ________.

a) panic disorder
b) generalized anxiety disorder
c) panic disorder
d) agoraphobia
e) amnesia

Joey experienced a great amount of anger throughout his childhood and adolescence that he turned inward rather than expressing to others. As a result of not expressing his anger, which of the following disorders is Joey at risk of developing?

a) fugue
b) amnesia
c) anxiety
d) schizophrenia
e) depression

e) depression
Nick is admitted to a mental institution because he hears voices talking to him that no one else can hear, and he sees demons attacking him, though no one else could see anything near him. Nick’s symptoms are known as ________.

a) compulsions
b) delusions
c) obsessions
d) hallucinations
e) after images

d) hallucinations
A person who experiences rather dramatic and specific symptoms such as blindness, paralysis, deafness, or numbness of certain body parts, none of which have real physical causes, and exhibits lack of concern about the symptom will probably be diagnosed with ________.

a) depressive disorder
b) somatization disorder
c) conversion disorder
d) Hypochondriasis
e) panic disorder

c) conversion disorder
Luke is diagnosed with a somatoform disorder. His therapist believes that his disorder is reinforced by his family, his doctors, and by his ability to avoid stressful situations that are associated with his disorder. Luke’s therapist is probably a ________.

a) behaviorist
b) psychoanalyst
c) cognitive psychologist
d) biological psychologist
e) neuropsychologist

Nicholas is a man who the local college students all think of as eccentric. Each day he stands on campus, smiling at people as they walk by, and he is known for his ever-present greeting of “Good Luck!” In fact, the students at this campus have come to refer to him as “Good Luck Nick.” Nobody knows if he has a home or if he is destitute, but Nicholas never asks for anything. Which of the four criteria of mental illness might Nicholas satisfy?

a) subjective discomfort
b) social norm deviance
c) inability to function normally
d) inability to speak audibly
e) all of the above

b) social norm deviance
Dave’s wife suggests that he talk to a doctor because of his inability to cope with criticism. The doctor suggests that Dave’s problem represents the expression of a repressed, unresolved, internal conflict buried in his unconscious mind that has its roots in Dave’s childhood. This view is typical of the ________ model of abnormality.

a) biological
b) cognitive
c) behavioral
d) REBT
e) psychoanalytic

Ellie is a graduate student in psychology at the local university. She is interested in specializing in the study of abnormal behavior. What area of psychology should she focus on in school?

a) psychobiology
b) health psychology
c) somatic psychology
d) psychopathology
e) developmental psychology

d) psychopathology
Dave, a graduate student, has difficulty talking to groups. Unfortunately, he has chosen a career in which he must speak to large groups of people. The night before a presentation he tosses and turns, and the resulting lack of sleep makes the situation worse. When he makes a presentation, he often becomes confused and stumbles over his words. As a result, he feels worthless and miserable. Which two criteria of abnormal behavior are most useful in analyzing this case?

a) statistical rarity and deviance from social norms
b) subjective discomfort and inability to function normally
c) deviance from social norms and subjective discomfort
d) inability to function normally and statistical rarity
e) ability to understand and incoherent language

b) subjective discomfort and inability to function normally
Maria is a retired factory worker who lives with anxiety. Due to the fear of having anxiety attacks, she does not leave her house. This makes her feel trapped in her home, which creates distress. Which criterion would be most appropriate in deciding whether Maria’s case represents an example of abnormality?

a) social norm deviance
b) situational context
c) subjective discomfort
d) statistical rarity
e) affective domain

c) subjective discomfort
Which axis of the DSM-IV-TR contains an overall judgment made by the psychological professional of the person’s mental health and adjustment based on a scale from 0 to 100?

a) Axis I
b) Axis III
c) Axis IV
d) Axis II
e) Axis V

e) Axis V
Linda is afraid of cats because when she was a little girl a cat scared her by jumping out of her closet and onto her face. As a result of this experience, Linda learned to be afraid of cats. Which model of abnormality offers the best explanation of Linda’s fear?

a) psychoanalytic
b) behavioral
c) cognitive
d) sociocultural
e) psychosexual

b) behavioral
Hippocrates maintained that mental illness was ________.

a) curable through exorcism
b) caused by supernatural forces
c) caused by imbalances of vital body fluids
d) only in the mind of the beholder
e) demons possessing an individual

c) caused by imbalances of vital body fluids
The biological model views psychological disorders as resulting from ________.

a) repressed memories
b) unconscious behaviors
c) distorted thought patterns
d) underlying behavioral issues
e) physiological causes

e) physiological causes
Which term refers to a way to define abnormality by comparing an individual’s behavior to the norms or standards of the society in which an individual lives?

a) social mores
b) social discomfort
c) social norm deviance
d) social context
e) social comfort

c) social norm deviance
Dr. Ting is working with a 16-year old client who presents with the symptoms of a moderate case of depression. As part of his intake session, Dr. Ting learns that his client, Geoff, has suffered from very serious cystic acne for 4 years and is constantly teased by his peers for having such bad skin. On which of the axes would Dr. Ting chart this information?

a) Axis III
b) Axis I
c) Axis V
d) Axis X
e) This information should not be charted because it is a medical, not a psychological issue

a) Axis III