Art 100 Mid-Term Study Guide

Théodore Géricault’s Raft of the Medusa focuses onThe survivors at sea
Joseph Mallord William Turner’s Slave Ship condemnedslavery in general
Pablo Picasso’s Guernica was created in black and white in order toresemble newspaper print and photographs
Pablo Picasso’s Guernica, 1937, can be interpreted asoutrage against violence
The film Hotel Rwanda, directed by Terry George, increased America’s public awareness of ________ in Rwanda.genocide
Dorothea Lange’s Migrant Mother is a well-known symbol for the plight ofthe impoverished
In 1914, Diego Velázquez’s The Toilet of Venus (Rokeby Venus) wasslashed
The sixth-century icon Virgin and Child Surrounded by Saints is an object of worship thatwas intended to create a state of meditation
Jacques-Louis David’s Death of Marat is about Jean-Paul Marat’smurder
Maya Lin’s Vietnam Veterans Memorial is located inWashington, D.C
Hokusai is said to have used a live chicken’s footprints in a painting that communicatedthe sensations of a fall day by the river
Stolen art loses much of its value becauselacking good title and proper provenance prevents its resale
Traditionally, artists in China learned their craft bycopying the work of a great master
The Turkish soldiers in Delacroix’s painting The Massacre at Chios are shown wearing turbans because the artist wantedthe Turks to seem exotic and frightening
Western artists since the Renaissance have usually considered ______ to be the highest forms of artsculpture and painting
William G. Wall’s print Fort Edward is a vehicle for expressing the artist’s thoughts about(ALL THE BELOW)
a.the expansion and development of America
b.the beauty of the American landscape
c.the struggles between Native and European Americans
During his lifetime, Vincent van Goghpracticed as an artist for only ten years
African masks displayed in museums were originally madeto be worn during spiritual or magic ceremonies
The Nazis’ Degenerate Art Exhibition contained work thatattracted a large number of visitors
Art is sometimes censored by the authorities because(ALL THE BELOW)
a. it offends people’s religious beliefs
b. its sexual content seems pornographic
c. it carries a political message that worries the authorities
d. its moral values seem improper
These 1300-year-old South American drawings, which include an enormous image of a spider, were first discovered by overflying commercial aircraft because they are so hugeNazca Lines
Line can be used as a tool toall of the other answers
Barbara Hepworth uses line to plan and visualize her three-dimensional artwork. What kind of three-dimensional artwork does she producesculpture
This artist would sometimes go for days without food or sleep in an attempt to explore the deep-rooted sources of creativity and truthAndre Masson
Dashes and grids in The Devil Made Me Do It, by Sauerkids, are a good example of this kind of lineImplied
In the work The Connectors, the artist James Allen uses this kind of line to draw the viewer’s attention to the great height that faced the builders of the Empire State BuildingDirectional
Vertical lines tend to communicatestrength
This kind of shape is mathematically regular and preciseGeometric
This artist used contrasting positive and negative shapes to create his “Obey” campaign, an expression of guerrilla marketing and street theaterShepard Fairey
Using negative shape, the graphic designer Al Grivetti inserted this number into the Big Ten logo to express the league’s expansion11
Which of these is a formPyramid
This famous object is the largest carving in the world created from a single stone.The Sphinx
Which of these is not a geometric formLeaf
The human figure communicates the rich experience of humanity, and artists emulate this experience using this kind of form:organic
There are two kinds of relief sculpture, a pronounced surface treatment called high relief and a shallow surface low relief calledbas relief
This element of art is used to describe the usable interior space of an architectural formVolume
This element of art is used to describe the solidity of a form, such as that of the Colossal Olmec HeadsMass
A slick cold surface of a finely finished metal object, the rough-hewn splintery character of a broken branch, and the pebbly surface of a rocky beach are all examples of this element of art:Texture
Artists use this kind of texture if they want to contradict a viewer’s normal expectations of a textured surfaceSubversive
Frank Gehry’s design for the Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, uses contrasts oforganic and geometric form
A series of closely arranged parallel lines that are overlapped by another set of parallel strokes to create a sense of value is calledcross-hatching
Contemporary filmmakers use this aerial effect to give the illusion of great depth, even when the scene is in a limited spaceAtmospheric perspective
Artists intersperse value and texture to create a sense ofrhythm
An artist can create an illusion of depth using only color by varying theintensity
This Italian artist was the first to apply the tenets of linear perspective to the creation of artworksBrunelleschi
In The Treachery of Images, Magritte tell us that painting is aVisual trick
This type of perspective is used by game designers because it allows them to create depth using parallel diagonal linesIsometric
Artists sometimes use this method of applying value to give a feeling of three-dimensionalityChiaroscuro
These two values are at the extreme ends of a value rangeBlack and white
The method whereby rules of perspective are applied to represent unusual points of view is calledforeshortening
Reflected light excites __________ that line the back of our eyes, and their signals are reprocessed and interpreted as color in our brainsNerve Cells
Secondary colors can be created from a mixture ofTwo Primary Colors
A color that is lighter than its basic hue is called aTint
A color that is almost gray has a lowSaturation
This is a kind of color map that allows an artist to assess quickly the attributes of colors as they relate to each otherColor Wheel
Matisse was interested in using vibrant colors toevoke an emotional response
By using this kind of color combination, artists avoid jarring, contrasting color and moodAnalogous
This color with a cool temperature is often used to describe a depressed psychological state of mindBlue
Color mixtures using light, like those in digital displays, are called __________ color mixturesAdditive
When Paul Gauguin chose yellow for his work Yellow Christ, he chose the color for its __________ qualitiesExpressive
An interior designer can balance curved and straight lines to __________ each otherComplement
Artists face a communication challenge: to find a __________ within the chaos of nature and to select and organize materials into a harmonious compositionStructure
Gestalt unity is a term that is derived from this languageGerman
A work can still display unity, even if none of the visual elements has anything in common, ifconceptual unity is used
A good example of variety in a work would bedifferent shapes and colors
In his work The Flagellation Piero della Francesca communicates a mood of detachment and contemplation by using this principle of designUnity
An artist creates compositional unity byorganizing all the visual elements of the work
The focal point of Rauschenberg’s sculpture Monogram isstuffed goat
When Tibetan Buddhist monks create a sand mandala, they are creating a composition that has this kind of balanceRadial
Hokusai’s print of The Great Wave off Shore at Kanagawa uses compositional unity in which of these ways(ALL THE BELOW)
a. It makes the wave crests like the snow on Mt. Fuji
b. It repeats the shape of Mt. Fuji throughout the work
c. It repeats textures throughout the work
d. It places the boats in proximity to one another
A work that is created in small scale can communicateintimacy
Robert Lostutter creates his work with a particular scale in mind. That scale relates to these animalsBirds
In Egyptian art the Pharaoh was almost always depicted in this wayAs the largest of all figures Correct
Henry Peach Robinson created his photographic work Fading Away by using a Golden __________ for the format dimensionsSection
Something done on a monumental scale usually indicates(ALL THE BELOW)
a. epic virtues
b. heroism
c. bravery
d. admiration
When a Yoruba sculptor created a human form, he or she made this body part disproportionately large:Head
Scale can be used to indicate importance but notSignificance
Raphael’s School of Athens depicts thisa gathering of great scholars
This use of scale can create an abnormal or supernatural effect, and was used by the Surrealists to do just thatDistorted scale
This Greek sculptor wrote a treatise on how to create a statue of a human being with perfect proportionsPolykleitos
This is a specific place of visual emphasis in a work of art.Focal Point
When an artist wants to draw attention away from a particular part of the work, he or she uses__________Subordination
The abstract work Tin Lizzie Green by Jules Olitzki draws attention to this part of the work.Center
Blue Interior by Mark Tobey focuses the viewer’s attention squarely on this area of emphasis:there is no area of emphasis
In Bruegel’s Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, the viewer is directed away from Icarus plunging into the sea through the use of __________ .Subordination
In Artemisia Gentileschi’s work Judith Decapitating Holofernes, the viewer is directed to the __________ that is indicated by directional lines.Focal Point
This kind of line tends to be more visually active so it can draw the viewer’s attention.Diagonal
Placement of elements in a composition controls this and creates multiple focal points.Rhythm
Hiroshige used this process to create the work “Riverside Bamboo Market, Kyobashi.”PrintMaking
Which of these elements of art and principles of design can be used to create emphasis?(ALL THE BELOW)
a. Shape
c. Color
d. Contrast
e. Rhythm
Using automatic reactions to apply art materials in such a way as consciously to deny order can lead to __________ in art.randomness
This principle of design arises from repetition of a pattern.Rhythm
In Islamic art it is not uncommon to see complex interlaced __________, which are designs repeated as units in a pattern.Motifs
Chuck Close’s Self Portrait of 1997 is made up of small units that are unrecognizable, or __________ .Abstract
This is a way in which artists divide visual space into different kinds of sections to achieve different rhythmic effects.Rhythmic Design Structure
When there are at least two points of reference in an artwork, __________ is present.Rhythm
In this sixteenth-century work, the Dutch artist Pieter Bruegel uses rhythm to direct the viewer’s attention through the work.Hunters in snow
The artist Chuck Close used a repeated pattern of organic concentric rings set into a diamond pattern to create his large __________ .Paintings
Sometimes artists use this kind of changing pattern to make a work more lively.Alternating Patterns
The German-French sculptor Hans Arp worked on creating __________ arrangements to communicate the ideas of the Dada movement.Chance
A work of art is the product of interrelationships between various art elements and __________Principles
If we can recognize the objects or people in a work of art, it isrepresentational
Allan Houser’s work Reverie is representational becauseit includes two shapes that we recognize as faces
Iconographic analysis interprets objects and figures in an artwork assigns or symbols
Eva Hesse’s minimalist sculpture Hang-Up can be interpreted biographically as __________a window that leads to nothingness
A formal analysis of Las Meninas by Diego de Silva y Velázquez would concentrate on this aspect of the work:what was in the foreground and background
Picasso studied and copied Las Meninas because __________He wanted to develop his own individual style
Thomas Struth’s photograph Museo del Prado 7 isa portrait of art appreciation
The tools of formal analysis help us to __________Understand how an artwork was made