Ch. 7 Rome’s Three Heirs 500-950

As a Christian king responsible for ruling a Christian society, Charlemagnetook responsibility for sustaining the religious life of his kingdom just as he reformed its government
Byzantine monasteries were deeply involved the the iconoclast Controversy becausethey were major producers of icons
In 800, Charlemagneaccepted the crown and title of Holy Roman emperor
In the early Middle Ages, the most significant cause of economic instability in Western Europe wasthat urban infrastructure, markets, and plantations could not be maintained
It is difficult to date the beginning of the Byzantine history with precision becausethe Byzantine Empire was the uninterrupted successor of the Roman Empire
Many of the local populations in Byzantium and Persiapeacefully accepted Muslim rule as more relaxed and tolerant than either Persia or Byzantium
One result of the campaigns of Belisarius in N. Africa and Italy wasthe weakening of Canstantinole against the Sassanids
The Byzantine economy in the early Middle Ages washighly regulated, including the wage and price controls
The armies of Abu-Bakr were able to expand Islam northward out of Arabia in part because ofthe weakness of Byzantine and Persian armies because of their wars against each other
The global pandemic that broke out in 541-42 has recently been identified by researchers as beingrelated to the bacterium that caused the Black Death
The stability of the Byzantine government was the product ofan efficient bureaucracy
Underlying the Carolingian Renaissance was the basic conviction thateducation was necessary for Christian salvation
While Pope Gregory’s papacy advanced the power and doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church greatly, a negative consequence of his papacy washis articulation of a formalpolicy of persecution against Jewish people
Why did the Romans of Italy resent Justinian’s efforts to “liberate” them?Italian infrastructure was damaged during the incursion and never repaired
Why were so many convents founded during the seventh century CE?Convents met a variety of social and spiritual needs for aristocratic families.