Chapter 6 study guide Ap Human Geography

AnimismBelief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
Autonomous religionA religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally.
BranchA large and fundamental division within a religion.
CasteThe class or distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned according to religious law.
CosmogonyA set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe.
DenominationA division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations in a single legal and administrative body.
Ethnic religionA religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.
FundamentalismLiteral interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect).
GhettoDuring the middle Ages, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, or economic pressure.
Hierarchical religionA religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control.
MissionaryAn individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion.
Monotheismdoctrine or belief of the existence of only one god.
PaganA follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times.
PilgrimageA journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
PolytheismBelief in more than one God.
SectA relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination.
SolsticeAstronomical event that happens twice each year, when the tilt of Earth’s axis is most inclined toward or away from the Sun, causing the Sun’s apparent position in the sky to reach its most northernmost or southernmost extreme, and resulting in the shortest and longest day of the year.
Universalizing religionA religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location.