AP Human Geography Chapter 5 Exam

The geographic study of the distribution of languages provides a good example of:
A) the diffusion of folk culture in different areas of the world
B) The role and spread of religion across much of the world
C) the interplay between globalization and local diversity
D) political conflicts that arise due to ethnic tensions
C
A literary tradition is
A) the written for of a language
B) a form of a language used for official government business
C) a form of a language spoken in a particular area
D) a collection of a languages related to each other
E) the variety of dialects in a language
A
Russian is part of what language branch?
A) Romance
B) Altaic
C) Balto-Slavic
D) Indo-Iranian
E) Germanic
C
A form of a language spoken in a local area is a:
A) language root
B) language branch
C) language family
D) language group
E) dialect
E
The language spoken by soldiers stationed throughout the Roman Empire was known as:
A) a standard language
B) Vulgar Latin
C) Catalan
D) a romance language
E) a dialect of Latin
B
English has achieved unprecedented acceptance globally due to:
A) the diffusion of religion from MDCs to LDCs
B) its role as the common language of a global economy and culture
C) the rise of popular culture and the decline of folk culture
D) the role of colonialism and imperialism
B
Which of the following is not a Romance language?
A) Bulgarian
B) French
C) Romanian
D) Italian
E) Portuguese
A
Germanic invaders of England Included which tribe:
A) Angles
B) Jutes
C) Saxons
D) Normans
E) A, B, and C
E
English is the most important language in North America primarily because of:
A) prohibitions against foreign languages
B) the global dominance of the U.S.
C) the Norman conquest
D) the diffusion of English colonies
E) official government policy
E
British and American English differ in all but which of the following?
A) vocabulary
B) prevalent dialects
C) alphabet
D) pronunciation
E) spelling
C
Immigrants to which American colonies had the most diverse backgrounds:
A) Middle Atlantic
B) Southeast
C) Northern
D) French Canadian
E) New England
A
The second-largest language family is:
A) Sino-Tibetan
B) Afro- Asiastic
C) Dravidian
D) Austronesian
E) Indo- European
A
The most widely spoken language in Brazil is:
A) Portuguese
B) Spanish
C) French
D) Creole
E) Catalan
A
The two largest language families in the world are:
A) Altaic and Nilo-Saharan
B) Afro-Asiastic and Sino-Tibetan
C) Sino-Tibetan and Indo-European
D) Indo-Iranian and Balto-Slavic
E) Balto-Slavic and Sino-Tibetan
C
A creolized language is:
A) a mix of indigenous and colonial languages
B) a revived formerly extinct language
C) extinct
D) an isolated language family
E) a possible prehistoric superfamily
A
The most widely spoken Indo-European language is:
A) Hindi
B) Spanish
C) Bengali
D) English
E) none of the above
D
The Kurgans:
A) were horse and cattle herders from the grassland steppes of present day Russia and Kazakhstan
B) were the earliest speakers of Sino-Caucasian
C) conquered much of East Asia several thousand years ago
E) preserved Basque in present-day Spain
A
The two most important languages in South America are
A) Dutch and English
B) Portuguese and Spanish
C) French and Spanish
D) English and Spanish
E) Creole and Portugese
B
A pidgin language:
A) is spread by popular culture
B) has no native speakers
C) stems from folk culture
D) all of the above
E) none of the above
B
The Flemings and Walloons live in what country:
A) France
B) Liechtenstein
C) Switzerland
D) South Africa
E) Belgium
E
Hebrew is an example of:
A) an isolated language
B) an Altaic language
C) a language family
D) an extinct language
E) a revived language
E
The large number of individual languages documented in Africa has resulted primarily from
A) frequent migration by the different tribal groups
B) colonial administration of native lands
C) repeated invasions by outsiders
D) thousands of years of isolation between tribal groups
E) introduction of many different languages by the colonial powers
D
The language spoken by the greatest number of native speakers in the world is:
A) Mandarin
B) Cantonese
C) Spanish
D) English
E) Hindi
A
The Icelandic language has changes less than any other Germanic language because of:
A) Iceland’s close contact with other people and activities
B) Iceland’s relative isolation from other places
C) continuous exchange with Norway and Sweden
D) migration by German tribes
E) the extinction of the East Germanic group
B
English is part of which language family?
A) North Germanic
B) Romance
C) Indo-European
D) West Germanic
E) Germanic
C
Which statement best describes the use of English on the Internet?
A) English has become more dominant as the most common language on the Internet
B) Different Internets exist for most other widely spoken languages, like Chinese, Japanese, and Russian
C) English has become less dominant but is still the leading Internet language
D) The number of English-speaking Internet users continues to be above 50%
C
Franglais is:
A) a dialect of French
B) the standard language of French
C) the use of English in the French language
D) the lingua franca of France
E) a language used by French colonial administration
C
Basque is spoken primarily in:
A) Brittany
B) Liechtenstein
C)the Pyranees mountains
D) Barcelona, Spain
E) the Swiss Alps
C
In what three ways does the English used in the United States differ from the English used in the U.K.Spelling, Pronunciation, Vocabulary
What is the most important language Family in South America?
What is the most important language Branch of that family in South America?
What are the two most important Individual languages in South America?
Indo-European, Romance, Spanish and Portuguese
Name the most important language branch in each region of Europe:
-northwestern
-southwestern
-eastern
Germanic, Romance, Balto-Slavic
What is the primary language family in the Middle east?
What is the predominant individual language in the Middle East?
Afro-Asiastic, Arabic
In what country do the Flemings and Walloons live?
What is the official language in the northern half of that country?
What is the official language in the southern half of that country?
Belgium, Dutch, French