AP human geography chapter 4 vocab

assimilationThe process through which people lose originality differentiating traits, such as dress, speech, particularities, or mannerisms, when they come into contact with another society or culture.
authenticityin the context of local cultures or customs, the accuracy with a single stereotypical or typecast image or experience conveys an otherwise dynamic and complex local culture.
commodificationThe process through which something is given monetary value.
cultural appropriationThe process by which cultures adopt customs and knowledge from other cultures and use them for their own benefit
cultural landscapeThe visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape.
cultureThe sum total of the knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of a society.
customPractice routinely followed by a group of people
diffusion routesThe spatial trajectory through which cultural traits or other phenomena spread
distance decayThe effects of distance on interaction, generally the greater the distance the less interaction
ethnic neighborhoodsNeighborhood, typically situated in a larger metropolitan city and constructed by or comprised of a local culture, in which a local culture can practice its customs
folk cultureCultural traits such as clothings, dwellings, traditions, and institutions of usually small, traditional communities
folk-housing regionsA region in which the housing stock predominantly reflects styles of building that are particular to the culture of the people who have long inhabited the area
global-local continuumThe notion that what happens at the global scale has a direct effect on what happens at the local scale, and vice versa.
glocalizationThe process by which people in a local place mediate and alter regional, national, and global processes
hearthThe area where an idea or cultural trait originates
hierarchical diffusionA form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by passing first among the most connected places or peoples.
local cultureGroup of people in a particular place who see themselves as a collective or a community, who share experiences, customs, and traits.
material cultureThe art, housing, clothing, sports, dances, foods, and other similar items constructed or created by a group of people
neolocalismThe seeking out of the regional culture and reinvigoration of it in response to the uncertainty of the modern world
nonmaterial cultureThe beliefs, practices, aesthetics, and values of a group of people
placelessnessDefined by geographer Edward Relph as the loss of uniqueness of place in the cultural landscape so that one place looks like the next
popular cultureCultural traits such as dress, diet, and music that identify and are part of today’s changeable, urban-based, media-influenced western societies
ReterritorializationWith respect to popular culture, when people within a place start to produce an aspect of popular culture themselves, doing so in the context of their local culture
time-space compressionA term associated with the work of David Harvey that refers to the social and psychological effects of living in a world in which time-space convergence has rapidly reached a high level of intensity