APUSH Chapter 13

The new two party political system that emerged int eh 1830s and 1840sbecame an important part of the nations checks and balances
By the 1840s new techniques of politicking included all of the following exceptdeference
By the 1840s voter participation in the presidential election reachednearly 80 percent
John Quincy Adams, elected president in 1825, was charged by his political opponents with having struck a “corrupt bargain” when he appointed ___ to become ___Henry Clay; Secretary of State
As president John Quincy Adamswas one of the least successful president in American history
John Quincy Adam’s weaknesses as president included all of the following excepthis firing good office holders to appoint his own people
Andrew Jackson’s political philosophy was based on hissuspicion of the federal government
Andrew Jackson inauguration as president symbolized thenewly won ascendancy of the masses
The spoils system under Andrew Jackson resulted inthe appointment of many corrupt and incompetent officials to federal jobs
The section of the United States hurt by the Tariff of 1828 wasthe South
Southerners feared the Tariff of 1828 becausethey believed that he federal power this bill represented could be used to suppress slavery
John C. Calhoun’s “South Carolina Exposition” was an argument forstate’s rights
The strong regional support for the Tariff of 1833 came fromthe South
The Force Bill of 1833 provided thatthe President could use the army and navy to collect federal tariff duties
The nullification crisis started by South Carolina over the Tariff of 1828 ended whenCongress passed the compromise Tariff of 1833
Andrew Jackson administration supported the removal of Native Americans front he eastern states becausewhites wanted the Indians lands
In their treatment of Native Americans, white Americans did all of the following exceptargue that Indians could not be assimilated into the larger society
In an effort to assimilate themselves into white society the Cherokees did all of the following exceptrefuse to own slaves
The policy of Jackson administration toward he eastern Indian tribes wasforced removal
Andrew Jackson and his supporters disliked the Bank of the US for all of the following reasons except itput public service first, not profits
Andrew Jackson made all of the following charges against the Bank of the US except thatit refused to lend money to politicians
One of the positive aspects of the Bank of the United States wasits promotion of economic expansion by making credit abundant
Andrew Jackson’s veto of the recharter bill for the Bank of the United States wasa major expansion of presidential power
Andrew Jackson based his veto of the recharter bill for the Bank of the United States onthe fact that he found the bill harmful to the nation
Innovations in the election of 1832 includedadoption of the written party platforms
One of the main reason Andrew Jackson decided to weaken the Bank of the US after the 1832 election washis fear that Nicholas Biddle might try to manipulate the bank to force its recharter
Supporters of the Whig party included all of the following exceptopponents of public education
The Panic of 1837 was caused by all of the following excepttaking the country off the gold standard
The government of Mexico and the Americans who settled in Mexican-controlled Texas clashed over all of the following issues exceptallegiance to Spain
Texas gained its independence withhelp from Americans
Spanish authorities allowed Moses Austin to settle in Texas becausethey believed that Austin and his settlers might be able to civilize the territory
Presidents Jackson and Van Buren hesitated to extend recognition to and to annex the new Texas Republic becauseantislavery groups in the United States opposed the expansion of slavery
Both the Democratic party and the Whig partywere mass based political parties
The two political parties of the Jacksonian era tended tobe socially and geographically diverse
Southerners disliked the Tariff of 1828 because itraised the price of manufactured goods
represented the going power of the federal government
The South Carolina nullifying conventiondeclared the Tariff of 1832 null and void within South Carolina
ordered the South Carolina star legislature to make military preparations to defend the state
nullified the Force Bill passed by Congress
threatened to secede from the Union if the national government tried to force the state into complacence with congressional law
In his veto of the bank recharter bill, President Jackson claimed that the bank wasunconstitutional
antiwestern
too much influenced by aristocrats and foreigners
corrupt and monopolistic
The panic of 1837 was the result ofover speculation in internal improvements
the bank and war specie circular
economic distress in Europe