Activity Basic Concepts of Psychological Disorders and Mood Disorders

If a person exhibits persistently dysfunctional thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, the person may have a(n) _____ disorder.psychological
A current authoritative scheme for classifying psychological disorders is found in the _____.DSM-IV-TR
According to a study in 2004 by the World Health Organization, the lowest rate of reported mental disorders was in the city of _____.Shanghai
Depression is:the most common reason people seek mental health services.
The American Psychiatric Association classified homosexuality as an illness until the year _____.1973
General medical conditions belong on DSM-IV-TR Axis _____.III
The symptoms of major _____ begin to appear at a median age of about 25.depression
An overabundance of the neurotransmitter norepinephrine is most likely to be associated with:a manic episode.
An integrated understanding of psychological disorders in terms of stressful memories, evolutionary processes, and gender roles is most clearly provided by:a biopsychosocial approach.
_____ conducted a famous study examining the biasing power of diagnostic labels.David Rosenhan
The symptoms of phobias begin to appear at a median age of about:10.
An overabundance of the neurotransmitter _____ is most likely to be associated with a manic episode.norepinephrine
Homosexuality was classified as an illness by the APA until:1973.
Personality disorders and “mental retardation” belong on which DSM-IV-TR axis?Axis II
The percentage of Americans who reported suffering from any mental disorder in 2008 was:26.2.
Shawn has a fraternal twin who was recently diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Research suggests that the chances are about _____ that Shawn will also suffer from bipolar disorder at some point in his life.2 in 10
Historically, there have been a variety of models used to explain psychological disorders. The _____ model assumes that mental disorders have physical causes that can be diagnosed and treated.medical
Personality disorders and _____ belong on DSM-IV-TR Axis II.mental retardation
The National Institute of Mental Health estimates that approximately _____ percent of adult Americans suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year.26
At some point during their lifetime, depressive disorders have plagued about _____ percent of Canadian adults and 17 percent of U.S. adults.12
An integrated understanding of psychological disorders in terms of stressful memories, evolutionary processes, and gender roles is most clearly provided by a(n) _____ approach.biopsychosocial
Disorders of a clinical nature such as schizophrenia belong on DSM-IV-TR Axis _____.I
The percentage of Americans who reported suffering from schizophrenia in 2008 was:1.1.
Depression affects women and men in a ratio of:2:1.
_____ is characterized by one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
_____ conducted a study examining the biasing power of diagnostic labels.Rosenhan
The symptoms of antisocial personality disorder begin to appear at a median age of about:8.
A depressive disorder is characterized by:a persistently sad mood and low energy level.
Who insisted that madness was not “demon possession” but a sickness of the mind caused by severe stresses and inhumane conditions?Philippe Pinel
Your professor asks you on which DSM-IV-TR axis bipolar disorder would fall. You answer:Axis I.
The symptoms of alcohol dependency begin to appear at a median age of about:20.
The brains of people who suffer from depression tend to have low levels of _____.serotonin
The _____ classified homosexuality as a mental illness until 1973.American Psychiatric Association
Disorders of a clinical nature such as schizophrenia belong on which DSM-IV-TR axis?Axis I
According to a study in 2004 by the World Health Organization, the nation with the highest rate of reported mental disorders was _____.the United States
An overabundance of the neurotransmitter norepinephrine is most likely to be associated with a(n) _____ episode.manic
_____ insisted that madness was not “demon possession” but a sickness of the mind caused by severe stresses and inhumane conditions.Philippe Pinel
General medical conditions belong on which DSM-IV-TR axis?Axis III
The symptoms of bipolar disorder begin to appear at a median age of about:20.
Tyler has a fraternal twin who was recently diagnosed with _____ disorder. Research suggests that the chances are about 2 in 10 that Tyler will also suffer from this disorder at some point in his life.bipolar
_____ hyperactivity disorder is diagnosed three times more often in boys than in girls.Attention-deficit
In one study, Riskind et al. (1987) found that psychologists agreed on patients’ DSM diagnoses 83 percent of the time. The consistency of these DSM diagnoses means that the DSM is _____.reliable
According to a study in 2004 by the World Health Organization, the lowest rate of reported mental disorders was in:Shanghai.
The brains of people who suffer from depression tend to have low levels of:serotonin.
In a study in 1973 that examined the biasing power of _____ labels, researchers went to mental hospital admissions offices and complained of “hearing voices” saying empty, hollow, and thud. This was the only complaint they reported, and they displayed no other symptoms. They were admitted and released an average of 19 days later.diagnostic
The symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder begin to appear at a median age of about:20.
The brains of people who suffer from _____ tend to have low levels of serotonin.depression
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder is diagnosed _____ times more often in boys than in girls.three
n a study in 1973 that examined the biasing power of diagnostic labels, researchers went to mental hospital admissions offices and complained of “hearing voices” saying empty, hollow, and thud. This was the only complaint they reported, and they displayed no other symptoms. They were admitted and released an average of _____ days later.19
The percentage of Americans who reported suffering from ADHD in 2008 was:4.1.
At some point during their lifetime, depressive disorders have plagued 12 percent of Canadian adults and _____ percent of U.S. adults.17
At one time, disordered people were simply warehoused in asylums. Asylums have been replaced with psychiatric hospitals, where attempts are made to diagnose and cure people suffering from psychological disorders. This best illustrates one of the beneficial consequences of:the medical model.
Psychosocial or environmental stressors belong on which DSM-IV-TR axis?Axis IV
According to a study in 2004 by the World Health Organization, the highest rate of reported mental disorders was in:the United States.
Threat is to _____ as loss is to _____.anxiety; depression
_____ disorder is characterized by one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.Attention-deficit hyperactivity
David Rosenhan and colleagues conducted a study examining the biasing power of diagnostic labels. They went to mental hospital admissions offices and complained of “hearing voices” saying empty, hollow, and thud. This was the only complaint they reported, and they displayed no other symptoms. They were all:diagnosed as mentally ill and the causes for their disorders were “discovered.”
The symptoms of schizophrenia begin to appear at a median age of about:20.
The _____ perspective has linked the experience of depression with learned helplessness.social-cognitive
According to psychologists and psychiatrists, a behavior is considered to be _____ if it is distressful and dysfunctional.disordered
David Rosenhan conducted a study examining the biasing power of diagnostic _____.labels
According to one study cited in the text, immigrants to _____ from Mexico, Africa, and Asia average better mental health than their native counterparts.the United States
How does bipolar disorder differ from major depressive disorder?Bipolar disorder is often more disruptive of normal functioning than is depressive disorder.
In _____, a person exhibits significant dysfunction in their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.a psychological disorder
In a study in 1973 that examined the _____ power of diagnostic labels, researchers went to mental hospital admissions offices and complained of “hearing voices” saying empty, hollow, and thud. This was the only complaint they reported, and they displayed no other symptoms. They were admitted and released an average of 19 days later.biasing
The percentage of Americans who reported suffering from a mood disorder in 2008 was:9.5.
Billy has an identical twin who was recently diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Research suggests that the chances are about _____ that Billy will also suffer from bipolar disorder at some point in his life.7 in 10
The _____ and _____ are two major systems used to classify psychological disorders.DSM-IV-TR; ICD
The percentage of Americans who reported suffering from PTSD in 2008 was:3.5.
According to the World Health Organization, a depressive episode plagues about _____ percent of women in any given year.9.5
Around the world, people may experience the same genetically-based disorder quite differently, depending on their personal expectations and their cultural definition of abnormality. This best illustrates the need for what kind of approach?a biopsychosocial perspective
Your professor asks you on what DSM-IV-TR axis diabetes would fall. You answer Axis _____.III
The percentage of Americans who reported suffering from OCD in 2008 was:1.0.
These days, Adam is sleeping very little. He seems full of energy and enthusiasm and his extreme optimism has led him to take foolish risks. He lost a lot of money, for instance, betting on a horse that he was sure would win. Adam may be in a _____ state.manic
Naima washes her hands about 50 times a day because she is afraid of the germs that seem to be everywhere, and her hand-washing interferes with her job. Rana washes her hands about 50 times a day because, as a nurse practitioner, it is an important part of her job. Why does Naima’s hand washing indicate a psychological disorder while Rana’s does not?Rana’s behavior does not cause her distress nor dysfunction.
Rana’s behavior does not cause her distress nor dysfunction.Axis III.
The National Institute of Mental Health estimates that just over 1 in _____ of adult Americans suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year.4
Anxiety is to _____ as threat is to loss.depression
Brian often interrupts his teacher while she is speaking and frequently forgets to complete his homework assignments. He also has difficulty taking turns in playground games with classmates. Brian most clearly exhibits symptoms of:attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
A current authoritative scheme for classifying psychological disorders is found in the:DSM-IV-TR.
The percentage of Americans who reported suffering from generalized anxiety in 2008 was:3.1.
At some point during their lifetime, _____ disorders have plagued 12 percent of Canadian adults and 17 percent of U.S. adults.depressive
Gena believes that people with psychological disorders are suffering from diseases that have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and sometimes even cured. Gena believes in the _____ model of psychological disorders.medical
The “immigrant paradox” is the finding that:recent immigrants have lower rates of psychological disorders than do native-born Americans of the same ethnic heritage.
_____ is a mental disorder most likely to lead to poverty.Schizophrenia
The percentage of Americans who reported suffering from social phobia in 2008 was:6.8.
The percentage of Americans who reported suffering from _____ in 2008 was 3.1 percent.generalized anxiety
In one study, Riskind et al. (1987) found that psychologists agreed on patients’ DSM diagnoses 83 percent of the time. The consistency of these DSM diagnoses means that the DSM is:reliable.
A large pharmaceutical company is conducting a clinical trial for a new antidepressant to treat major depressive disorder. It is concerned with the efficacy and safety of the new medication. Its perspective is most aligned with the _____ model.medical
Stressful thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are more likely to be considered disordered when also judged to be _____.maladaptive
The percentage of Americans who reported suffering from a phobia of a specific object or situation in 2008 was:8.7.
Finn has been diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Which of the following behaviors will Finn probably NOT be exhibiting?severe aggression
John is a patient who reports significant anger, hostility, and overall disregard for people. He has been diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder. His personality disorder belongs on which DSM-IV-TR axis?Axis II
At one time, disordered people were simply warehoused in asylums. Asylums have been replaced with psychiatric hospitals, where attempts are made to diagnose and cure people suffering from psychological disorders. This best illustrates one of the beneficial consequences of the _____ model.medical
Vanna is interested in studying psychological disorders. If she wants to study the classification system most often used in the U.S., she should read the _____.DSM-IV-TR
Personality disorders are to Axis II as _____ are to Axis I.clinical syndromes
Personality disorders are to _____ as clinical syndromes are to _____.Axis II; Axis I
The percentage of Americans who reported suffering from _____ in 2008 was 6.8 percent.social phobia
Dysfunctional behaviors are more likely to be considered disordered when also judged to be:distressful.
Personality disorders are to ____ as clinical syndromes are to Axis I.Axis II
One study cited in your text (Costello et al., 2003) tracked rates of behavior problems among Native American children in North Carolina over time. After four years, children whose families had moved _____ the poverty line exhibited a 40 percent _____in the behavior problems.above; decrease
After study participants were told that a videotaped interviewee was a psychiatric patient, they characterized the person with phrases like “passive type” or “frightened of his own impulses.” This study best illustrates the:biasing power of diagnostic labels.