Ch 5 Public Speaking

d“The major parts of a motion-picture camera” is a poorly phrased central idea for an informative speech because it
a. contains figurative language.
b. All of these answers are correct.
c. is expressed as a fragment rather than a full sentence.
d. Both contains figurative language and fails to refer to the audience.
e. fails to refer to the audience.
eWhat should be done about the problem of identity theft?” is a poorly phrased central idea for a persuasive speech because it is

a. All of these answers are correct.
b. Both is too technical and is expressed in figurative language.
c. is expressed in figurative language.
d. is too technical.
e. phrased as a question instead of as a statement.

dCesar’s specific purpose for his classroom informative speech is “To inform my audience how to load apps onto their cell phones.” According to your textbook, are there any flaws in Cesar’s specific purpose?

a. Yes. Cesar’s specific purpose is too technical for this audience.
b. Yes. Cesar’s specific purpose is too trivial for this audience.
c. Yes. Cesar’s specific purpose should have been expressed as a complete sentence.
d. No. Cesar has a strong specific purpose statement.
e. Yes. Cesar’s specific purpose contains more than one distinct idea.

e“To inform my audience about the history of the Congressional filibuster” is an example of a

a. topic statement.
b. statement of intention.
c. thesis statement.
d. specific purpose.
e. central idea.

cIdentify the flaw in the following specific purpose statement for a classroom speech: “Should juvenile prisons be eliminated?”

a. It is too political for a classroom speech.
b. It contains figurative language.
c. It is stated as a question, not as an infinitive phrase.
d. It is too technical for this audience.
e. It isn’t informative enough.

bThe ________ is a one-sentence statement that sums up or encapsulates the major ideas of a speech.

a. specific purpose Incorrect
b. central idea
c. outline
d. introduction
e. general purpose

b“The three main methods of harvesting trees in professional logging are selective cutting, clear cutting, and row thinning” is an example of a

a. signpost.
b. specific purpose.
c. general purpose.
d. transition.
e. central idea.

eAs a specific purpose statement, “To inform my audience about climate change” is too

a. personal.
b. detailed.
c. scientific.
d. speculative.
e. broad.

a“To explain the three major benefits of cycling as a form of exercise” is a poorly phrased specific purpose statement because it

a. lacks a reference to the audience.
b. is too broad.
c. deals with more than a single topic.
d. Both is too broad and deals with more than a single topic.
e. All of these answers are correct.

e“Improving our sleep habits” is a poorly phrased specific purpose for a speech because it is

a. written as a statement rather than a question.
b. expressed in figurative language.
c. written as a sentence rather than a declarative phrase.
d. too technical for a classroom speech.
e. written as a fragment rather than a full infinitive phrase.

e“The three major factors to consider when purchasing a bicycle are the kind of riding you plan to do, the amount of riding you plan to do, and the amount of money you are willing to spend” is an example of a

a. general purpose.
b. transition.
c. topic statement.
d. central idea.
e. specific purpose.

eThe ________ expresses precisely what you hope to accomplish with your speech.

a. preview statement
b. central idea
c. thesis statement
d. goal statement
e. specific purpose

bWhich of the following is inappropriate in a speech to inform?

a. reporting
b. advocating
c. telling
d. explaining
e. demonstrating

eThe three major types of bows used in archery are the long bow, the recurve bow, and the compound bow” is an example of a

a. thesis statement.
b. central idea.
c. general purpose.
d. specific purpose.
e. transition.

aCharity’s specific purpose statement for her classroom informative speech is “To inform my audience about the changes in Medicare benefits for next year.” According to your textbook, are there any flaws in Charity’s specific purpose?

a. Yes. Charity’s specific purpose statement is too broad.
b. Yes. Charity’s specific purpose statement is not relevant to her audience.
c. Yes. Charity’s specific purpose statement is too trivial for her audience.
d. No. Charity has a strong specific purpose statement.
e. Yes. Charity’s specific purpose should have been expressed as a question

cThe central idea of a speech should be

a. All of these answers are correct.
b. determined before the specific purpose.
c. written as a complete sentence.
d. expressed as a question.
e. Both written as a complete sentence and determined before the specific purpose.

e“Abandoning nuclear power because of accidents would be like throwing the baby out with the bath water” is a poorly phrased specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech because it

a. contains figurative language.
b. is missing a reference to the audience.
c. is written as a statement rather than as a question.
d. All of these answers are correct.
e. Both is missing a reference to the audience and contains figurative language

d“To explain how to write an effective job resumé” is a poorly phrased specific purpose statement because it

a. is too specific.
b. is too trivial.
c. contains figurative language.
d. does not include a reference to the audience.
e. is written as a statement instead of a question.

eIdentify the flaw in the following specific purpose statement for a classroom speech: “To inform my audience about Hinduism.”

a. It’s too figurative.
b. It’s too personal.
c. It’s too specific.
d. It’s too technical.
e. It’s too broad

aAccording to your textbook, the central idea of a speech should

a. Both encapsulate the major ideas of your speech and be phrased as a statement rather than a question.
b. encapsulate the major ideas of your speech.
c. be determined as soon as you decide on your topic.
d. All of these answers are correct.
e. be phrased as a statement rather than a question.