ch 12

1) Leadership is best defined as ________.D) the ability to influence a group toward the achievement of a vision or set of goals
2) Which of the following statements regarding leadership is true?E) Nonsanctioned leadership is as important as formal influence.
3) Which of the following is a desirable feature of leadership?E) coexistence of leaders and managers
4)Trait theories of leadership focus on ________.B) the personal qualities and characteristics that differentiate leaders from nonleaders
5) Which of the following Big Five personality traits has been identified as the most important trait in effective leaders? C)extraversion
6) Emotional intelligence (EI) is critical to effective leadership because one of its core components is ________, which reflects the consideration that leaders must be able to express.B) empathy
7) Trait theories most accurately predict ________.E) emergence of a leader
19) Contingency theories focus on the ________ that impact leadership success.C) situational variables
20) Which of the following theories of leadership is based on situational variables?D) path-goal theory
21) The least preferred coworker (LPC) questionnaire is used to measure whether ________.der is task- or relationship-oriented
23) Fiedler’s contingency leadership model assumes that ________.A) an individual’s leadership style is essentially fixed
24) Fiedler defines the degree of confidence, trust, and respect that subordinates have in their leader as ________.A) leader-member relations
26) Which of the following situational dimensions identified by Fiedler relates to the degree to which job assignments are proceduralized, that is, structured or unstructured?C) task structure
27) In the context of Fiedler’s model, the situational dimension termed ________ relates to the degree of influence a leader has over important variables such as hiring, firing, discipline, promotions, and salary increases.C) position power
31) According to the situational leadership theory, if employees are unwilling and unable, the appropriate leadership style in this situation would be ________.D) directive
40) Which of the following leadership theories argues that because of time pressures, leaders establish a special relationship with a small group of their subordinates—the ingroup, who are trusted, get a disproportionate amount of the leader’s attention, and are more likely to receive special privileges?B) leader member exchange
41) According to the LMX theory, a leader implicitly categorizes followers as “in” or “out” ________.C) early in the interaction
44) Which theory of leadership proposes that followers attribute heroic or extraordinary leadership abilities when they observe certain behaviors?E) charismatic leadership theory
45) According to evidence, what is the first step a charismatic leader takes to influence followers?D) articulating an appealing vision
46) A longterm strategy for attaining a goal by linking the present with a better future for the organization is defined as a(n) ________.D) vision
47) The third step in the process of charismatic leadership involves ________.B) the leader conveying a new set of values and setting an example for followers to imitate
48) Leaders who function primarily by clarifying role and task requirements to accomplish established goals exhibit a(n) ________ style of leadership.B) transactional
49) A transactional leader is likely to ________.A) reward employees for the work that they have done, thus recognizing accomplishments
51) ________ leaders inspire followers to transcend their self interests for the good of the organization and can have an extraordinary effect on their followers.(A) Transformational
Transformational leaders enhance performance of employees by ________.C) building consensus among employees
54) In terms of the full range of leadership models, which leadership behavior is the least effective?– E) laissez-faire
55) Which of the following leadership behaviors is likely to differentiate between transactional and transformational leaders?C) individualized consideration
56) In terms of the full range of leadership models, which leadership behavior represents the most active and effective approach for leaders?B) idealized influence
64) A(n) ________ is a senior employee who sponsors and supports a less-experienced employee, a protégé.D) mentor