art ch. 20-21

A good example of a Surrealist poetic object isObject (Luncheon in Fur) by Meret Oppenheim
The first national art museum opened in 1793. This museum, still in operation today, isthe louvre in paris
Which art movement was directly influenced by sigmund freud’s theories of the unconscious?Surrealism
In their painting, the impressionists often focused onscene of leisure involving the middle class
Eugene Delacroix was a leading practitioner of theromantic style
A major influence upon European culture of the 19th century, one that gave rise to an expanding middle class, wasthe industrial revolution
Henri Matisse was told by Gustave Moreau, his teacher at the cole des beaux-arts, you were born to_______simplify painting
The manufacture of oil paint in tubes made it possible for 19th-century european artist to make painting a portable activity. the spontaneity and directness of painting outdoors is evident in works by ______ artistsimpressionist
Which of the following is an american artist?Bingham, Tanner, Cassatt, Eakins
Marcek Duchamp created a new art form in which the artist makes nothing, but merely labels an object as art. He called this art formready-mades
How did impressionism get its name?a critic used the term to describe the movement after seeing the painting impression sunrise and it caught on
Paul Cezanne’s emphasis on structure in painting was a direct influence in the development ofcubism
romantic art stressesdrama, unbridled emotions, and complex compositions
Vasili Kandinsky became convinced that art should be free of representational subject matter when hemistook an upside-down painting of his for an unfamiliar work of spectral beauty
Which of the following artists was a realist?Gustave Courbet
post-impressionisma neutral term describing the varied directions of a few artists who both accepted and rejected some of the aims of impressionism
Edouard Manet “borrowed” the composition of his painting Le Dejeuner sur l’herbs (luncheon on the grass) fromrenaissance works of art
pointillism is a technique developed byGeorges Seurat
If fauvisms mission was to liberate color from its descriptive role, cubism initial aim wasa. to reduce the role of color to a minimum
b. to invent a new system for depicting form and space on a flat surface
c. to find a way of representing the fact that human perception involves multiple viewpoints
The first art movement to be born in the 19th century was _____, which arose as a reaction against neoclassicism and romanticismrealism
After the russian revolution of 1917 many artists believed that only the most revolutionary art could bring about a new movement, which was calledConstructivism
________, who designed a famous armchair, was a student of the bauhaus school of design in GermanyBreuer
The term New York school refers to a postwar art movement thatwas a convenient way to lump together the abstract expressionists
Robert Smithton’s Spiral Jetty is an example ofland art
The term postmodern was first used in reference to a certain style inarchitecture
The women series of paintings by willem de kooning caused a stir in the art world. They wereseen as shocking and brutal
The Guerrilla Girls use posters and on-site appearances tobring attention to gender inequalities in the art world
Painting is the primary medium used by all of the following EXCEPTLouise Bourgeois
Jasper Johns chose familiar images for his subjects matter so that he could then concentrate on all of the following EXPCEPTthe psychological use of color
One of the ideas behind Postmodernism is pluralism, which proposes that artcan take many directions at the same time, all of them equally valid
The term action painting refers to the fact that this new type of paintingtraced the actions of the painter
Minimalism, a grand that coexisted with Pop, emphasized a continuation of the exploration of nonrepresentational and the idea that a painting or sculpture is primarilya physical object
Photorealism refers toa movement in painting that explores the way a camera sees
Early conceptualists reacted to the burgeoning art market byattempting to eliminate the art object
Artist Jean-Michel basquiatbegan as a graffiti artist
In joseph kosuth’s one and three chairs, the viewer is presented withthree ways of documenting an idea
Anselm Kiefer was one of the most prominent neo-expressionists. his workdealt directly with the trauma of germany’s past
A neb-dada artist who made art from found materials and images and named his new art form coming paintings isRobert Rauschenberg
Allan Kaprow took art in a new direction with happenings. his primary claim wasthat art was most like life itself
Appropriation contends that the meaning of a work of artis unstable and communal
A new art form known as installationcreates an environment for the viewer to enter and experience
The artistic recycling of existing images is an aspect ofpostmodernism
One of the names most closely associated with performance art is _______, who is known for the multimedia work stories from the nerve bibleLaurie Anderson
Roy Lichtenstein often based his imagery on thecomic book